高中英语语法大全 第九章 动名词
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Summary:第九章 动名词 一. 概念 动名词由动词原形+ING构成,是一种非谓语动词形式 二. 相关知识点精讲: 1.作主语。例如:    Fighting broke out between the South and the North. 南方与北方开战了。  2.作宾语    a. 有些动词可以用动名词作宾语。例如: admit 承认 appreciate.

  • 第九章 动名词
    一. 概念
    动名词由动词原形+ING构成,是一种非谓语动词形式
    二. 相关知识点精讲:
    1.作主语。例如:
       Fighting broke out between the South and the North. 南方与北方开战了。
     2.作宾语 
      a. 有些动词可以用动名词作宾语。例如:




    admit 承认

    appreciate 感激

    avoid 避免

    complete完成

    consider认为

    delay 耽误


    deny 否认

    detest 讨厌

    endure 忍受

    enjoy 喜欢

    escape 逃脱

    fancy 想象


    finish 完成

    imagine 想象

    mind 介意

    miss 想念

    postpone推迟

    practice 训练


    recall 回忆

    resent 讨厌

    resume 继续

    resist 抵抗

    risk 冒险

    suggest 建议


    face 面对

    include 包括

    stand 忍受

    understand 理解

    forgive 宽恕

    keep 继续
    例如:Would you mind turning down your radio a little, please? 你把收音机音量调小一点,好吗
      The squirrel was lucky that it just missed being caught. 这松鼠幸运得很,刚逃避了被逮住的厄运。    
      b. 有些结构后面可以用动名词作宾语或其他成分。例如:




    admit to

    prefer…to

    be used to

    lead to

    devote oneself to

    object to


    stick to

    no good

    no use

    be fond of

    look forward to

    be proud of


    stick to

    no good

    no use

    be fond of

    look forward to

    be proud of




    be busy

    can't help

    be tired of

    be capable of

    be afraid of

    think of




    burst out

    keep on

    insist on

    count on

    set about






    put off

    be good at

    take up

    give up

    be successful in

















    3.作表语,对主语说明、解释。例如:
    Her job is washing, cleaning and taking care of the children. 她的工作是洗刷、清扫和照顾孩子。
    比较:She is washing, cleaning and taking care of the children.
    4.作定语,一般表示所修饰名词事物的用途。例如:
    a writing desk=a desk for writing 写字台
    a swimming pool=a pool swimming 游泳池
    有些动名词作定语,与所修饰的名词关系比较复杂。例如:
    boiling point=a temperature point at which something begins to boil 沸点
    a walking tractor=a tractor which a driver can operate while he or she is walking behind it 手扶拖拉机

    三.巩固练习
    1. I was ______ work last week, but I changed my mind.
    a. to start b. to have started c. to be starting d. to have been starting
    2. I intended ______ the matter with you, but I had some guests hen.
    a. discuss b. discussing c. having discussed d. to have discussed
    3. Don’t let me catch you ______.
    a. do that again b. to do that again c. doing that again d. done that again
    4. There are many kinds of metals ______.
    a. each has its special properties b. one has its special properties
    c.each having its special properties d. having its special properties
    5. It’s pay-day, and they’re waiting ______.
    a. for paying b. to be paid c. to be paying d. to have paid
    6. _______ trouble, I’m going to forget the whole affair.
    a. Then rather cause b. Rather causing
    c. Rather than cause d. Rather than caused
    7. The brilliance of his satires was ______ make even his victims laugh.
    a. so as to b. such as to c. so that d. such that
    8. Children with parents whose guidance is firm, consistent, and rational are inclined ______ high levels of self-confidence.
    a. possess b. have possessed c. to possess d. possessing
    9. The worker is ______ in repairing the machine to notice my coming.
    a. too busy b. enough busy c. busy too d. busy enough
    10. “What did you do in the garden?”
    “I watched my father ______ his motorbike.”
    a. to repair b. repaired c. repairing d. repairs
    四.答案
    BDCCBCBCAC
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