八年级英语上语法专项复习练习
    Category: 初二英语  Clicks: 1861  Top: 10  Update Date: 2008/09/13
Summary:一. 名词的种类:名词可以分为专有名词和普通名词,普通名词又分为个体名词和集体名词,物质名词和抽象名词。 1. 专有名词:专有名词是指人、地方、团体、机构等特有的名词,它的第一个字母必须大写,专有名词前一般不加冠词。A. 表示人名:Li Bai,Mr Black,Doctor Zhang B. 表示地名:China,London,Zhong Guan Cun Street. C. 由.

  • 一. 名词的种类:名词可以分为专有名词和普通名词,普通名词又分为个体名词和集体名词,物质名词和抽象名词。
    1. 专有名词:专有名词是指人、地方、团体、机构等特有的名词,它的第一个字母必须大写,专有名词前一般不加冠词。A. 表示人名:Li Bai,Mr Black,Doctor Zhang B. 表示地名:China,London,Zhong Guan Cun Street. C. 由普通名词构成的专有名词:the Spring Festival, the Palace Museum.
    2. 普通名词:普通名词指一类人或东西或一个抽象的名标,它可以进一步分为个体名词、集合名词、物质名词和抽象名词四类。 A. 个体名词:表示某类人或事物中的个体:student,teacher,car. B. 集合名词:表示若干个体组成的集合体;family,police,people. C. 抽象名词:表示动作、状态、品质、感情等抽象的概念:music,love D. 物质名词:表示无法分为个体的物质或实物:water,tea,air
    二. 名词的数:表示可以计算数目的人或物称为可数名词,表示一个用单数,两个以上用复数,可数名词单数前面一般要用不定冠词a / an,可数名词复数是在单数名词后面加“s”或“es”。可数名词复数前不能用不定冠词a / an。
    1. 单数可数名词,表示“一”的概念,要用名词的单数形式,表示名词的单数,要在名词前加冠词a或an。 eg:a book, a tree, a shark an octopus,an apple,an egg
    2. 复数可数名词:在英语中,如果要表示“二、三、四,……”概念时,要用名词的复数形式,名词的复数形式是在单数名词后加上词尾-s或-es构成的。 A. 名词复数的规则变化。 a. 在一般情况下,词尾后加-s。 books,cups,beds,boys,horses b. 以s,x,sh,ch结尾的词,词尾加-es,读|iz| buses,boxes,dishes,watches c. 以f或fe结尾的词,先将f或fe变成v,再加-es,读|vz| half—halves,knife—knives d. 以o结尾的词,词尾加-es或-s。 zoos,photos,radios,tomatoes,potatoes e. 以辅音字母加y结尾的词,先将y改为i再加-es。 cities,families,babies
    B. 名词复数的不规则变化。 man—men,tooth—teeth,child—children,sheep—sheep C. 有些名词只有复数形式 clothes,trousers,pants,glasses
    3. 不可数名词表示量的概念时,在这些词前加上数量词。 eg:a cup of coffee,a piece of paper,three slices of bread
    II. 不定代词,我们所学的不定代词有all,both,each,every,some,any,many,much,(a)few,(a)little,either,neither,other,another,no,none以及含有some-,any-,no-等的合成代词,这些不定代词大都可以代替名词和形容词,在句中作主语、宾语、表语和定语。
    一. some,any及其合成词的用法。 1. 基本用法 some,any可与单、复数和不可数名词连用。 some用于肯定句中,而不能用于疑问句中,any一般用于否定句,疑问句和条件句中。 eg:I have some interesting books. There is some yogurt in the bottle. I don't have any money. Were there any sharks in the aquarium?
    2. 特殊用法 在疑问句中,一般不用some,只有当问句表示一种邀请或者请求,或期待一个肯定的回答时才能用some。 eg:Would you like some more tea?
    二. all,both的用法 1. all代表或修饰四个以上的人或事物,或不可数的东西。 eg:We all like eat potato chips. All the students in our class went to the zoo. 2. both是指“两者都……” eg:The twins both have long hair. There are many trees on both sides of the street.
    三. many,much,(a lot),a few,few,a little,little。这些词都可以表示数量,并且都可以修饰名词。 1. many,a lot,a few,few修饰可数名词;much,a lot,a little,little修饰不可数名词。 2. many,much,a lot,a few,a little表示肯定的意思:few,little表示否定的意思。 eg:How much relish do we need? There are a few minutes left, aren't there? There is a little time left, is there?
    III. 形容词的比较等级:英语中的形容词,在表示“比较——”和“最——”这样的概念时,要用特别的形式,称为比较级和最高级。 原级 比较级 最高级 young(年轻) younger(比较年轻) youngest(最年轻) 一. 变化形式如下: 1. 规则变化 构成法 原级 比较级 最高级 一般单音节词和部分双音节词在词尾加-er[ ](比较级)和-est[ist](最高级) 以不发音的e结尾的单音节词和少数以le结尾的双音节词只在词尾加-r(比较级)和-st(最高级) “辅音字母+y”结尾的双音节词,将词尾的y改为i,再加-er和-est 重读闭音节词,只有一个辅音字母结尾时,要双写该辅音字母,再加-er,-est 部分双音节词和多音节词,在该词前面加more和the most构成比较级和最高级 tall高的(adj.) great巨大的(adj.) fast快(adj.& adv.) near附近的(adj. & adv.) nice好的(adj.) large大的(adj.) able有能力的(adj.) late晚,晚的(adj. & adv.) easy容易的(adj.) busy忙的(adj.) early早(adj. & adv.) big大的(adj.) hot热的(adj.) thin细的,瘦的(adj.) important重要的(adj.) beautiful漂亮的(adj.) slowly慢(adv.) quickly快(adv.) teller greater faster nearer nicer larger abler later easier busier earlier bigger hotter thinner more important more beautiful more slowly more quickly the tallest the greatest (the)fastest (the)nearest the nicest the largest the ablest (the)latest the easiest the busiest (the)earliest the biggest the hottest the thinnest the most important the most beautiful (the) most slowly (the) most quickly
    2. 不规则变化 原级 比较级 最高级 good好的(adj.) well健康的(adj.) 好(adv.) bad坏的(adj.) ill有病的(adj.) badly坏(adv.) many多(adj. & adv.) much多(adj. & adv.) far远(adj. & adv.) little少(adj. & adv.) old老的(adj.) late迟的,晚的(adj.) better['bet ]较好的(地) worse[w :s]更坏(地) 更差(地) more[m :]更多的,更加 farther['fa: ]较远 further['f : ]进一步 less[les]较少的(地) older[' uld ]较老的 elder['eld ]年长的 later较迟的,较近的 latter['l t ]后者 (the) best[best]最好的(地) (the) worst[w :st]最坏(地) 最糟(地) (the) most[m ust]最多的(地) (the) farthest['fa: ist]最远的(地) (the) furthest['f : ist]最深远的(地) (the) least[li:st]最少的(地) the oldest[' uldist]最老的 the eldest['eldist]最年长的 the latest(时间上)最近的 the last(顺序)最后的 比较: elder和eldest主要用于表示家庭成员之间的长幼关系,如:elder sister姐姐。 older和oldest则用于表示年龄大小。 They are in the same age, but Li looks much older than Ma. 他们两个在年龄上一般大,但看起来李比马老的多。 二. 形容词比较等级的用法。 形容词比较等级通常分为原形,比较级和最高级三种基本形式,具体而言,它们分别以下列形式出现在句中: (1)as +原形+ as 表示“……和……相同”。 (2)比较级+ than 表示“……比……较为……”。 (3)the +最高级+ of / in 表示“在……中最为……”。 eg:My dog is as old as that one. The jacket is as cheap as that old one. Is he as busy as before? Mary is funnier than Jane. His brother is younger than me. Tom is the happiest of us all. Spring is the best season of the year. 三. 需要注意的一些问题。 1. 在形容词比较级前还可以用much,even,far,a lot,still,a little来修饰,表示“……的多”,“甚至……”,“仍然,还……”,“更……”,以加强语气。 eg:Our city is much more beautiful than yours. Japan is a little larger than Germany.
    2. 表示“大几岁”,“高……”等,句型用“表示数量的词+形容词比较级。” eg:I'm two years older than you. She is a head taller than me. 3. 表示“越来越……”,句型用“比较级+ and +比较级”。 eg:China is more and more beautiful. The earth is getting warmer and warmer. 4. 表示“是最……之一”句型用“one of the +形容词最高级”。 eg:Beijing is one of the busiest cities in China. One of the most important languages is English. 【模拟试题】(答题时间:80分钟) 一. 可数名词用a / an,不可数名词用some填空。 举例:chair a chair (1)book (2)tree (3)fruit (4)paper (5)work (6)bread (7)cheese (8)news (9)information (10)music (11)petrol (12)air (13)water (14)meat (15)newspaper (16)egg (17)hour (18)problem (19)job (20)tomato (21)soup (22)money (23)fish(鱼肉) (24)sheep (25)island (26)airport (27)office (28)window (29)bank
    二. 写出下列名词的复数形式 举例:child children 1)noodle (2)tooth (3)man-doctor (4)foot (5)mouse (6)potato (7)photo (8)family (9)wolf (10)knife (11)woman (12)policeman (13)bed (14)grade (15)class (16)box (17)shelf (18)fish (19)sheep (20)deer (21)tomato (22)hero (23)hamburger (24)clothes (25)trousers (26)shoe (27)wife (28)half (29)church (30)jacket (31)boot (32)sweater (33)blouse (34)shirt (35)necklace (36)dress (37)umbrella (38)watch (39)purse (40)city (41)monkey (42)boy
    三. 选词填空,完成下面的对话。 Ben:Now, have we got(1)_______________ we need? Sam:Well, let's see. There are (2)__________ onions and potatoes, but there aren't (3)____________ mushrooms and, of course, there isn't (4)____________ minced beef. Ben:Are there (5)_____________ carrots? Sam:(6)___________. But we don't need(7)__________, so that's OK. Ben:How(8)_________ milk is there? Sam:Only(9)___________. And there isn't(10)__________ butter, and we haven't got(11)___________ cheese. Ben:Well, we don't need much cheese. Is there(12)__________ else? Sam:No, not for Shepherd's Pie. We've got(13)_______ salt and pepper, and there's(14)________ flour. Would you like me to help with the shopping? Ben:Yes, please.
    四. 写出下列形容词的比较级和最高级。 举例:good better best (1)bad (2)clean (3)dirty (4)big (5)small (6)ill (7)little (8)hard (9)happy (10)far (11)well (12)slow (13)easy (14)new (15)young (16)rude (17)quiet (18)dry (19)cheap (20)ugly (21)busy (22)old (23)noisy (24)hot (25)cold (26)fast (27)many (28)wet (29)early (30)bright (31)boring (32)careful (33)quietly (34)expensive (35)difficult (36)interesting (37)beautiful
    五. 观察下列表格,并回答问题。 This table shows the price per pound of five vegetables throughout the different seasons of the year. Find the information from the table and write your answer in the brackets. (1)In which season are carrots more expensive than cabbages? (2)Which is the most expensive vegetable in Autumn? (3)In which season are tomatoes more expensive than cabbages? (4)Which is the cheapest vegetable in Autumn? (5)In which season are two vegetables the same price?
    六. 用所给词的正确形式填空: 1. Your room is very _________. It's much ________ than mine. It's ________ of all.(big) 2. —This coat is too ________. (expensive)I don't have enough money to buy it. I can buy a ________ one than it. —Sorry, this one is _________ one in the store.(cheap) 3. Tom and Sam are _______ at math than physics. And Tom is ______ at English in our class.(good) 4. —There are many ________ places in Australia. You may go there to visit them on vocation. —Thank you. But I think there are many ________ places in Egypt. I want to go there. (beautiful) 5. —Which unit is __________ in Book 2, do you think? Is Unit 12 _________?(difficult) —I don't think so. I think it's a little _________ than Unit 9. (easy)
    七. 将下列句子译成英文: 1. Sam是个快乐的孩子。他爱学习,对别人很友好。他是班里最受欢迎的学生。 _______________________________________________________________________ 2. 在中国,北京有最多、最好的电视台。北京也是中国最大的城市之一。 _______________________________________________________________________ 3. 我们家我很忙,我妈妈比我忙,而我爸爸是最忙的。 _______________________________________________________________________
    【试题答案】 一. 可数名词用a / an不可数名词用some填空。 (1)a (2)a (3)some (4)some (5)some (6)some (7)some (8)some (9)some (10)some (11)some (12)some (13)some (14)some (15)a (16)an (17)an (18)a (19)a (20)a (21)some (22)some (23)some (24)a (25)an (26)an (27)an (28)a (29)a
    二. 写出下列名词的复数形式 (1)noodles (2)teeth (3)men-doctors (4)feet (5)mice (6)potatoes (7)photos (8)families (9)wolves (10)knives (11)women (12)policemen (13)beds (14)grades (15)classes (16)boxes (17)shelves (18)fish (19)sheep (20)deer (21)tomatoes (22)heroes (23)hamburgers (24)clothes (25)trousers (26)shoes (27)wives (28)halves (29)churches (30)jackets (31)boots (32)sweaters (33)blouses (34)shirts (35)necklaces (36)dresses (37)umbrellas (38)watches (39)purses (40)cities (41)monkeys (42)boys
    三. 选词填空,完成下面的对话。 (1)everything (2)some (3)any (4)any (5)any (6)A few (7)many (8)much (9)a little (10)any (11)much (12)anything (13)some (14)a lot of
    四. 写出下列形容词的比较级和最高级。 (1)worse, worst (2)cleaner, cleanest (3)dirtier, dirtiest (4)bigger, biggest (5)smaller, smallest (6)worse, worst (7)less, least (8)harder, hardest (9)happier, happiest (10)farther, farthest (11)better, best (12)slower, slowest (13)easier, easiest (14)newer, newest (15)younger, youngest (16)ruder, rudest (17)quieter, quietest (18)drier, driest (19)cheaper, cheapest (20)uglier, ugliest (21)busier, busiest (22)older, oldest (23)noisier, noisiest (24)hotter, hottest (25)colder, coldest (26)faster, fastest (27)more, most (28)wetter, wettest (29)earlier, earliest (30)brighter, brightest (31)more boring, most boring (32)more careful, most careful (33)more quietly, most quietly (34)more expensive, most expensive (35)more difficult, most difficult (36)more interesting, most interesting (37)more beautiful, most beautiful
    五. 观察下列表格,并回答问题。 (1)summer (2)cabbage (3)summer (4)cauliflower (5)winter
    六. 用所给词的正确形式填空: 1. big, bigger, the biggest 2. expensive, cheaper, the cheapest 3. good, the best 4. beautiful, more beautiful 5. the most difficult, the most difficult, easier
    七. 将下列句子译成英文: 1. Sam is a happy kid. He loves studying and he is friendly to others. He is the most popular student in the class. 2. In China, there are the best and most TV stations in Beijing, Beijing is also one of the biggest city in China. 3. I'm busy in my family. My mom is busier than me. But my father is the busiest.
    语法专项II 动词 一. 动词是表示动作或处于某种状态的词,它分为行为动词,系动词、助动词和情态动词,动词种类多,变化又复杂,是学习英语的难点之一,下面根据动词的特点进行归类,并提供一些辨别方法,以便于理解和掌握。
    1. 行为动词在动词中数量最多,它含有实在的意义(又叫实义动词),表示动作或状态,在句中可以单独作谓语,行为动词又分为及物动词和不及物动词,及物动词后面必须加宾语,意义才完整,不及物动词后面不能直接带宾语,常需要在宾语前加介词才能带宾语。 eg: We study English very hard. She has a book in her hand. The sun rises in the east.
    2. 连系动词本身有一定词义,但不能独立作谓语,必须与表语一起构成谓语,常见的连系动词有:be, look, sound, get, become等。 eg: My parents are both farmers. The milk tastes terrible. The song sounds good.
    3. 助动词本身无词义,不能独立作谓语,必须和主要动词构成谓语,表示疑问,否定,时态或其它语法形式。常见的助动词有:be, have, do, will, shall等。 eg: Do you have a brother? Have you got an English-Chinese dictionary? I didn't go to the cinema yesterday.
    4. 情态动词本身有词义,但不能独立作谓语,只能和主要动词一起构成谓语,表示说话者的语气和情态,情态动词没有人称和数的变化,情态动词本身可以构成疑问和否定,常见的情态动词有:can, may, must, will, shall, need等。 eg: Can you sing the English song? Everyone must get to school on time.
    二. 动词的时态: (一)时态概述:作谓语的动词用来表示动作(情况)发生时间的各种形式称为时态,英语中的时态,就是通过特殊的动词词尾或加一些相关的助动词be, have(has)等,用来表示动作或事件发生的不同时间和方面。 eg: He reads newspapers every day. He read the newspaper yesterday. He is going to read the newspaper tomorrow. (二)一般现在时: 1. 动词变化:一般现在时主要用动词原形表示,但第三人称单数后要加词尾-s,另外be和have有特殊的人称形式。 在加词尾-s时要注意: 情况 加法 例词 一般情况 加-s reads, writes, says 以ch, sh, s, x, 或o收尾的词 加-es teaches, washes, guesses, fixes, goes 以“辅音字母+y”结尾的词 变y为i再加-es try-tries carry-carries 读音: 情况 读法 例词 在[p][t][k][f]等清辅音后 [s] helps, hates, asks, laughs 在[s][z][ ][t ][d3]等音后 [iz] faces, rises, wishes, watches, urges 在其他情况下 [z] plans, cries, shows
    2. 一般现在时主要表示: (1)经常性或习惯性的动作,常与这样的时间状语连用:always, often, usually, sometimes等 eg: We always help each other. It often snows in winter. I get up early every morning. (2)表示主语现在的特征、性格、能力等。 eg: He loves sports. Jane is an outgoing girl. Tom and Tim both have medium height. (3)表示客观、普遍真理 eg: Two and four makes six. Water boils at 100℃ The moon moves round the earth.
    3. 一般现在时的疑问句一般以在句首加助动词do,does的方式构成。第三人称单数加does,其他加do,这时动词一概用原形;动词be只需与主语位置对调就行了。 eg: Do you like English? Do they have story books? What does she do every evening? Is she at home? Are you good at English?
    4. 一般现在时的否定式是do not(don't)或does not (doesn't)+动词原形来构成的,be动词做谓语动词只需在be后加not构成否定。 eg: I don't like oranges at all. She doesn't work in the TV station. They aren't students. I'm not busy every weekend.
    三. 现在进行时: 1. 动词变化:现在进行时由“am /is /are+动词现在分词”构成。加-ing的规则如下: (1)一般在动词原形末尾加-ing。如: stay-staying do-doing listen-listening suffer-suffering work-working spend-spending look-looking (2)以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,先去掉e,再加-ing。如: make-making take-taking give-giving ride-riding please-pleasing refuse-refusing close-closing operate-operating (3)以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节词,先双写这个辅音字母,再加-ing。如: put-putting sit-sitting run-running win-winning begin-beginning
    2. 现在进行时的用法 (1)表示说话时正在进行或发生的动作,这时可以不用时间状语,也可以和now, at present, at the moment等时间状语连用。有时用一个动词,如look(看),listen(听)。 eg: What are you reading now? Listen! Someone is singing in the classroom. (2)表示当前一段时期的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作。 eg: They are working in a factory these days. More and more people are giving up smoking. (3)表示最近按计划或安排要进行的动作。 现在进行时有时可表示一个在最近按计划或安排要进行的动作,即可以用来代替将来时。 eg: When are you leaving? Are you going to Tibet tomorrow? 3. 现在进行时的否定句和疑问句比较简单。否定句在be(am, is, are)后面加not;疑问句把be动词移到主语前。 eg: I am not working. What are you reading now? How are you feeling today? The train isn't arriving soon.
    四. 一般过去时: 1. 动词变化:一般过去时主要表示过去的动作或状态,在句中由主语+动词的过去式来表达。 构成规则 原形 过去式 一般在动词末尾加-ed work plant play worked planted played 结尾是e的动词在末尾加-d like live change liked lived changed 末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节词,先双写这个辅音字母,再加-ed plan(计划) stop drop planned stopped dropped 以辅音字母加y结尾的,先变y为i再加-ed carry study cry carried studied cried 否定式 疑问式 否定疑问式 简单回答 I did not work. Did I work? Did I not work? Yes, you did. No, you didn't. You did not work. Did you work? Did you not work? Yes, I did. No, I didn't. He / She / It did not work. Did he / she / it work? Did he / she / it not work? Yes, he / she / it /did. No, he /she /it didn't. We did not work. Did we work? Did we not work? Yes, you did. No, you didn't. You did not work. Did you work? Did you not work? Yes, we did. No, we didn't. They did not work. Did they work? Did you they not work? Yes, they did. No, they didn't.
    2. 一般过去时的基本用法: (1)带有确定的过去时间状语时,要用过去时。(eg: yesterday, last year, just now, two days ago, in the old days等) eg: He left just now. Lei Feng was a good soldier. What did you have for breakfast this morning? (2)表示过去某一段时间内经常或反复发生的动作,这时常和表示频度的状语连用。 eg: Last term we often did experiments. He always went to work by bus.
    五. be going to 表示一般将来 1. 用法:表示现在打算在最近或将来要做的事,或表示说话人根据已有的迹象认为很有可能要发生的事情,be随着人称的变化变成(am, is, are) eg: We are going to have a new subject this year. It's going to rain this afternoon. I'm going to be a pilot when I grow up. 2. be going to 的否定句在be动词后加上not;be going to 的疑问句把be动词移到主语前。 eg: He isn't going to see his brother tomorrow. I'm not going to tell you about it. Who's going to use it? Is your sister going to bring your lunch? What are you going to do next Sunday.
    【模拟试题】(答题时间:70分钟) 一. 改错: 例1:The rose dark red. →The rose is dark red. 1. He very likes swimming. 2. He can helps you. 3. We haven't a good time. 4. What are you do after school every day? 5. Sometimes I listen music. sometimes I play outside. 6. The fish smells not good. 7. We should buy some chicken. There are little left. 8. There have many birds in the sky. 9. My mother's glasses is broken. 10. A pair of shoes are nearly one thousand. 11. What colour are her hair? 12. Does he his homework? 13. A: Do you like your class? B: Yes. I like. 14. He always do his shopping on Friday evening. 15. I very sorry I forgot your birthday. 16. I have no brother and sister.
    二. 连词组句: 1. listen, morning, the, to, I, radio, the, in, often 2. of, men, nurses, good, sick, hospital, care, in, take, the 3. weekdays, he, the, goes, cinema, never, during, the, to 4. computer, got, new, you, a, have? 5. weekends, he, rest, does, a, got, have, on? 6. good, Li Ming, do, and, often, I deeds 7. museum, they, the, often, science, visit, how, do? 8. the, in, any, there, kitchen, food, is? 9. homework, does, day, when, Tom, his, every, where, and, do? 10. a, there, vegetables, many, but, apples, aren't, lot, there, of, are, there
    三. 用括号里的动词的适当形式填空: 1. There (be)______some glasses on it. 2. He (go)______to the park every day. 3. My uncle (live)______ in Nanjing now. 4. ______ Lucy and Lily (like)______China? 5. Li Lei(not like)______ to drink orange soda. 6. The girl (go)______ home at 4:30 in the afternoon. 7. ______ Kate (speak)______ French? Yes, she does. 8. Jim (not ride)______his bike often. 9. If he (be)______ free tomorrow, he (go)______ with us. 10. As soon as they (get)______ there next month, he (call)______me. 11. ______Li Ming's father (have)______ his lunch at home? 12. Tom (not do)______the morning exercises often. 13. I (be)______ hungry and my sister (be)______ thirsty. 14. The baby (have)______ curly hair. 15. Everybody (have)______ a chance to win. 16. I (clean)______ my room once a week. 17. Nobody(tell)______ them anything. 18. There (be)______ a lot of chicken on the plate. 19. Mr. Li (teach)______ the second grade. 20. The boy (watch)______ TV every evening. 21. Mary (play)______the violin quite well. 22. David (study)______Chinese and I (study)______ English. 23. The game (be)______ interesting. 24. Many children (be)______ on the playground. 25. He (have)_______ a good time at your party. 26. I (have)______ a new bicycle.
    四. 用所给词的适当形式填空: 1. Tom and his father ______(swim)now. 2. Look! They ______(run)along the street. 3. We ______(practice)hard these days because we will have a big match next month. 4. What ______he ______(do)at nine o'clock last night? 5. They ______(listen)to the music at that time. 6. When the headmaster came in, the students______(read)the text. 7. We ______(watch)TV when suddenly the telephone rang. 8. She ______(make)the paper flowers the whole night. 9. A: _______ you ______(studying)English? B: Yes, I am. 10. Let's go out. It ______(not rain)now. 11. Hurry up! Everybody ______(wait)for you. 12. A: ______(you / listen)to the radio? B: No, You can turn it off. 13. I ______(watch)TV at seven o'clock yesterday evening. 14. A: What ______(you / look)for? B: I ______(look)for my wallet. There is something important in it. 15. Look. It ______(rain)hard. We'll get wet if we go out.
    五. 选词填空: (一)选词填空: 1. I ______(am, is, was, were)busy last week. 2. Tom and I ______(am, are, was, were)late for school yesterday. 3. I ______(walk, walks, walked, walking)to school the other day. 4. Rose ______(does not, didn't, has been, has to)visit her uncle the month before last(month) 5. There ______(is, was, are, were)a lot of people in this village ten years ago. 6. Mother ______(am, is, was, were)ill in bed last night. 7. It ______(rain, rains, rained, raining)a lot last year.
    (二)用括号中动词的适当形式填空: 1. My uncle in London ______(send)a birthday present to me yesterday. 2. When ______(be)you born? 3. As soon as he arrived in the country, he ______(phone)me. 4. When I ______(knock)at his door, he was cooking. 5. We were watching TV when the light ______(go)out. 6. He said he ______(not like)maths at all.
    (三)用括当的词完成下列句子。 1. ______you make this cake last night? Yes. I did. I _______it for you. 2. Did Tom _______ home at five yesterday? No, he _______. He came home at six. 3. What _______ you _______ at the store? I bought a camera. 4. Were you at home yesterday? Yes, I _______. 5. Where did you catch the fish? I _______ it in the river near my house.
    六. 完成下列句子: 1. 你长大了想当什么?我打算当个电脑程序员。 What _____ you ______ ______ _______ when you ______ _______? I'm ______ to _______ a _______ _______. 2. 你哥哥长大了打算当什么?他打算当个专业的篮球运动员。 What _____ your brother _____ _________ ______ when he ______ _______? He's _____ to ______ a _______ _________ player. 3. 你打算怎么做?我打算学计算机学。 _____ are you ______ ________ ________ that? I'm _____ _______ _______ computer _______. 4. 你哥哥打算怎么做?他打算每天练篮球。 _____ is your brother _____ _____ _____? He's _____ ______ _________ basketball every day. 5. 她打算下学期上一些表演课吗?是的。 ______ she ______ _______ _________ some ______ lessons? Yes, she ________.
    【试题答案】 1. He likes swimming. 2. He can help you. 3. We don't have a good time. 4. What do you do after school every day? 5. Sometimes I listen to music, sometimes I play outside. 6. The fish doesn't smell good. 7. We should buy some chicken. There is little left. 8. There are many birds in the sky. 9. My mother's glasses are broken. 10. A pair of shoes is nearly one thousand. 11. If he doesn't feel well he will go to visit the History Museum. 12. What colour is her hair? 13. Does he do his homework? 14. A: Do you like your class? B: Yes. I do. 15. He always does his shopping on Friday evening. 16. I am sorry I forgot your birthday. 二. 1. I often listen to the radio in the morning. 2. Nurses take good care of sick men in the hospital. 3. He never goes to the cinema during the weekdays. 4. Have you got a new computer? 5. Does he have a rest on weekends? 6. Li Ming and I often do good deeds. 7. How often do you visit the science museum? 8. Is there any food in the kitchen? 9. When and where does Tom do his homework every day? 10. There are a lot of vegetables but there aren't many apples there. Or: There are a lot of apples but there aren't many vegetables there. 三. 1. are 2. goes 3. lives 4. Do, like 5. doesn't like 6. goes 7. Does, speak 8. doesn't ride 9. is, will go 10. get, will call 11. Does, have 12. doesn't do 13. am, is 14. has 15. has 16. clean 17. tells 18. is 19. teaches 20. watches 21. plays 22. studies, study 23. is 24. are 25. has 26. have 四. 1. are swimming 2. are running 3. are practicing 4. was, doing 5. were listening 6. were reading 7. were watching 8. was making 9. Are, studying 10. isn't raining 11. is waiting 12. Are you listening 13. was watching 14. are you looking, am looking 15. is raining 五. (一)1. was 2. were 3. walked 4. did not 5. were 6. was 7. rained (二)1. sent 2. were 3. phoned 4. knocked 5. went 6. didn't like (三)1. Did, made 2. come, didn't 3. did, buy 4. was 5. caught六. 1. are, going, to, be, grow, up, going, be, computer, programmer 2. is, going, to, be, grows, up, going, be, professional, basketball. 3. How, going, to, do, going, to, study, science 4. How, going, to, do, that, going, to, play 5. Is, going, to, take, acting, is
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