美国习惯用语第三百零六课
Summary:例句-1:Our boss plans to promote Bob, who is neither responsible nor capable. But you'd better button your lip and not say a word against it, because Bob is nobody but the boss's brother-in-law. 他说.

  • 例句-1:Our boss plans to promote Bob, who is neither responsible nor capable. But you'd better button your lip and not say a word against it, because Bob is nobody but the boss's brother-in-law.
    他说:老板打算提升Bob这个既不负责责任又不能干的人,然而你最好还是闭口不提反对意见,因为Bob是老板的内弟。
    所以 button your lip 意思就是闭口不谈。
    ******
    我们要学的第二个以button为主的习惯用语是: on the button。 On the button可能来自拳击赛,button是下巴尖的俗称,在拳击赛中如果你一拳正打在对手的下巴尖上,就是on the button,这是正中要害、击败对手的一着。Button这个词也可以解释按钮,要让一个设备发挥某种功能你得准确地按在某一个按钮上,也就是on the button。但是on the button已经被应用在日常生活中的许多方面。让我们从下面这个例子来体会on the button所表达的意思。这是一个人在赞扬如今的天气预报。
    例句-2:With all its new technology weather forecasting is certainly more accurate than it used to be. For example the last five days it's been right on the button predicting high temperatures and evening showers!
    他说:由于有了种种新技术,如今的天气预报确实比过去准确。例如,这五天来它预告高温和傍晚下雨,百发百中。
    所以on the button意思就是百发百中,切中要害。
    ******
    我们再来学一个词的习惯用法: buttonhole.Buttonhole 原来的意思是钮扣眼,但是buttonhole也可以作动词,也许有人以为buttonhole作动词一定是把纽扣扣在眼儿里。这个想法没错,但我们要讲的buttonhole却另有其它的意思。如果你要拉住一个人听你说话,一个牢靠的窍门可能是把你的手指扣住他上衣钮孔,这样他不就跑不了了吗?这可能就是动词buttonhole引伸意义的来源。好,让我们来听一个例子,体会一下其中buttonhole是什么意思。这段话讲Dick渡假归来兴奋不已,碰到谁都会喋喋不休地大谈自己旅途上的所见所闻。好,让我们来听Dick一个同事在怎么议论他。
    例句-3:Keep away from Dick this morning! He's back from vacation and trying to buttonhole everybody to tell them about what he did. He'll bore you for half an hour if you give him half a chance.
    他说:今天上午可得避着点儿Dick。他刚渡假回来,逢人就大谈自己的经历,你只要给他半点机会,他就会滔滔不绝地跟你说上半个钟点。
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