高三英语单元练习Unit5-6
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Summary:1. —Tell me about your younger brothers. They're identical twins, aren't they? —_____ A. Many people think they are similar. B. Yes, they are. But they are not exactly alike. C. Yeah, they.

  • 1. —Tell me about your younger brothers. They're identical twins, aren't they?
    —_____
    A. Many people think they are similar.
    B. Yes, they are. But they are not exactly alike.
    C. Yeah, they do. But they are different.
    D. That's absolutely right.
    2. When walking, _____ potential hiding spots and be cautious as you approach them.
    A. take notes B. take notes of C. take note D. take note of
    3. Two Kansas City teenagers were _____ threatening to carry out a school shooting.
    A. charged of B. accused with C. charged with D. accused about
    4. The young teacher _____ his point _____ to the students with the aid of slides (幻灯片).
    A. got; away B. got; across C. turned; down D. turned; across
    5. To become financially successful and stay on the market, a new product must _____ a wide age groups.
    A. appeal to B. react to C. respond to D. get used to
    6. He wrote down the weight of every stone and then _____ all the weights.
    A. added to B. added up C. added up to D. added on
    7. Sleeping outdoors offers little rest since your security is _____.
    A. at last B. at the most C. at ease D. at stake
    8. _____ fireworks (烟花) is a traditional feature that is believed to create a festival atmosphere.
    A. Setting up B. Setting out C. Setting off D. Setting down
    9. Many years went by in the city of New York and the great part of its citizens _____ its noise and madness, only shaking their heads at it or expressing pride in their own survival.
    A. was fond of B. grew accustomed to
    C. was devoted to D. was aware of
    10. He doesn’t know _____ is _____ he was born.
    A. that; where B. where; it C. where; that D. what; where
    11. The workers ________ the young man vice director of the factory.
    A. advised B. encouraged C. forbade D. elected
    12. Don't get your schedule _____; stay with us.
    A. to change B. change C. changing D. changed
    13. At every crossways on the road that leads to the future, each progressive spirit is opposed by thousands of men _____ to guard the past.
    A. appointing B. to appoint C. appointed D. appoint
    14. Everyone here will thank the firefighters for the things they have done to prevent fires _____ the environment safer.
    A. to make B. make C. making D. from making
    15. Oh, boy, why are you killing your time this way? Can you find something else _____ doing at all?
    A. useful B. valuable C. worth D. good
    第二节 完形填空(共20小题; 每小题1.5分, 满分30分)
    阅读下面短文, 掌握其大意, 然后从16-35各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
    Many years ago, my dad was diagnosed(诊断) with a terminal heart condition. He was put on permanent disability and was ___16____ to work at a steady job.
      He wanted to do something to ___17____ himself busy, so he decided to volunteer at the local children hospital. My dad loved kids. He ___18___ working with the terminally and critically ill children. He would talk to them and play with them. One of his kids was a girl who had been ___19____ to the hospital for a rare disease that paralyzed(瘫痪) her from the neck __20___. I don’t know the name of the disease or what the prognosis(预断) usually is, ___21___ I do know that it was very sad for a girl around eight or nine years old. She couldn’t do anything, and she was very ____22___. My dad decided to try to help her. He started visiting her in her room, __23__ paints, brushes and paper. He ____24___ the paper up against a backing, put the paintbrush in his mouth and began to paint. He didn't use his hands at all. Only his head would move. He would visit her ___25____ he could and ___26___ for her. All the ____27____he would tell her, see, you can do anything you set your ___28__ to.
    __29___, she began to paint using her mouth, and she and my dad became friends. Later, my dad left the children hospital for a little while ____30____ he became ill. Sometime later after my dad had ____31___ and returned to work, he was at the volunteer counter in the lobby of the hospital. He noticed the front doors open. In came ____32____ little girl who had been paralyzed, only this time she was walking. She ran straight over to my dad and ____33____ him really tight. She gave my dad a picture she had done using her hands. At the bottom it ____34___, "Thank you for helping me walk."
    Whenever dad told us the story, he would cry. ___35__ would us. Dad told us that love sometimes was more powerful than doctors.
    16. A. able B. disabled C. unable D. enabled
    17. A. get B. keep C. stay D. remain
    18. A. ended up B. came up C. put up D. added up
    19. A. allowed B. permitted C. admitted D. forced
    20. A. up B. out C. against D. down
    21. A. and B. but also C. but D. however
    22. A. embarrassed B. clumsy C. depressed D. awkward
    23. A. taking B. fetching C. bringing D. putting
    24. A. lay B. moved C. hung D. stood
    25. A. whatever B. whenever C. however D. whichever
    26. A. paint B. talk C. play D. walk
    27. A. same B. present C. while D. instant
    28. A. sense B. feeling C. effort D. mind
    29. A. Obviously B. Lately C. Lastly D. Eventually
    30. A. when B. since C. because D. before
    31. A. affected B. discovered C. recovered D. improved
    32. A. a B. the C. an D. /
    33. A. held B. snatched C. seized D. hugged
    34. A. read B. noticed C. made D. attached
    35. A. Nor B. So C. Not D. As
    第三部分 阅读理解(共20小题,每小题2分,满分40分)
    A ★
    The world's most eager football fan had arrived at the stadium for the first game of the World Football Championships only to realize that he had left his ticket at home. Not wanting to miss any of the first set he went to the ticket office and got in a long line for another seat. After an hour's wait he was just a few feet from the ticket office when a voice called out, “Hey, Dave!” The fan looked up, stepped out of line and tried to find the owner of the voice, but with no success. Then he realized that he had lost his place in line and had to wait all over again.
    When the fan finally bought his ticket, he was thirsty, so he went to buy a drink. The line at the stand was long too, but since the game hadn't started he decided to wait. Just as he got to the window, a voice called out, “Hey, Dave!” Again the fan tried to find the voice, but no luck. He was very upset as he got back in line for his drink.
    Finally the fan went to his seat, eager for the game to begin. As he waited for the first set, he heard the voice calling, “Hey, Dave!” once more. Shaking with anger, he stood up and cried out at the top of his lungs, “My name is not Dave.”
    36. According to the passage we know that ______.
    A. maybe the fan was Dave
    B. Dave was the enemy of the fan
    C. the fan was very sensitive to the name Dave
    D. Dave was a good friend of his
    37. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
    A. The fan liked football as well as some other sports games.
    B. The fan enjoyed football much more than anyone else in the world.
    C. Football was one of his favorite sports games.
    D. Football wasn't by far the most favorite sports for him.
    38. ______ he realized he had left his ticket at home.
    A. No sooner had he left his home than
    B. Before he had arrived at the stadium
    C. Coming to the stadium
    D. On his way to the stadium
    39 The fan went to the ticket office because ______.
    A. he wanted to get a better seat
    B. he wanted to get a wonderful sight
    C. he wanted to get another seat for a friend of his
    D. he hoped not to lose any of the first set
    40. He got very angry because _______.
    A. somebody was calling him a wrong name
    B. he couldn't find his friend
    C. he failed to find the owner of the voice
    D. he had to get back in line for drink
    B ★ ★
    There was an engineer who had an exceptional gift for fixing all mechanical things. After serving his company heart and soul for over 25 years, he happily retired. Several years later his company contacted him regarding a seemingly impossible problem they were having with one of their multi-million-dollar machines. They had tried everything and asked everyone else to get the machine fixed, but no help.
    In desperation(绝望), they called on the retired engineer who had solved so many of their problems in the past. The engineer unwillingly took the challenge. He spent a day studying the huge machine.
    At the end of the day he marked a small X in chalk on a particular part of the machine and proudly stated, “This is where your problem is.” The part was replaced and the machine worked perfectly again.
    The company received a bill for $20,001 from the engineer for his service. They told him to make a list of his charges.
    The engineer responded briefly:
    One chalk mark ... $1
    Knowing where to put it ... $20,000.
    41. The engineer retired ______.
    A. after he had to work in the same company for less than 25 years
    B. after he worked in different companies for 25 years
    C. after he worked faithfully in the same company for over 25 years
    D. after he worked heart and soul in his own company for exactly 25 years
    42. Several years after his retirement, the engineer's company ______.
    A. bought a very expensive machine
    B. had a very expensive machine out of order
    C. placed an order for a very expensive machine
    D. had difficulty destroying a very expensive machine
    43. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
    A. The company immediately thought of the retired engineer when the machine didn't work.
    B. The retired engineer happily went to examine the machine.
    C. The engineer had the broken-down part changed for a new one.
    D. The engineer didn't find out what was wrong with the machine.
    C ★ ★
    I have a friend who lives by a three-word philosophy: Seize the moment. Just possibly, she may be the wisest woman on this planet. Too many people put off something that brings them joy just because they haven’t thought about it, don’t have it on their schedule, didn’t know it was coming or are too strict to depart from their routine.
    I can’t count the times I called my sister and said, “How about going to lunch in half an hour?” She would gasp and stammer(结结巴巴地说),“I can’t. I have clothes on the line. My hair is dirty. I wish I had known yesterday, I had a late breakfast. It looks like rain.” And my personal favorite response: “It’s just Monday.” She died a few years ago. We did never have lunch together. From then on, I’ve tried to be a little more flexible.
    Life has a way of going faster as we get older. The days get shorter, and the list of promises made to ourselves gets longer. One morning, we awaken, and all we have to show for our lives is repetition of “I’m going to”, “I plan to” and “Someday, when things are settled down a bit. ”
    When anyone calls my “seize the moment ” friend, she is open to adventure and available for trips. She keeps an open mind on new ideas. Her enthusiasm for life is contagious .You talk with her for five minutes, and you’re ready to trade your bad feet for a pair of Rollerblades and skip an elevator for a bungee cord.
    My lips have not touched ice cream in 10 years. I love ice cream. The other day, I stopped the car and bought a triple-decker. If my car had hit an iceberg on the way home, I would have died happy.
    Now … go on and have a nice day. Do something you WANT to … not something on your SHOULD DO list.
    44.The example of the writer’s sister serves as_____.
    A.an argument B.an introduction C.a support D.a conclusion
    45.The writer thinks that the excuse “It’s just Monday.” is acceptable, because _____.
    A.it is still likely that they can have lunch together some time later
    B.it sounds most reasonable of all the excuses
    C.it shows respect for the writer’s suggestion
    D.it indicates the time when they can have lunch together
    46.The underlined word “contagious” in the fourth paragraph means ”____”.
    A.appropriate B.influential C.practical D.evident
    47.What is the purpose of the writer by writing this passage?
    A.To suggest how time flies.
    B.To persuade busy people to relax.
    C.To advise people to keep their promise.
    D.To convince readers to be flexible on their schedule for practical joy.
    D ★ ★ ★
    Time and time again, one may be warned, “Your name will be mud.” Many have used the expression in the mistaken belief that it has something to do with the kind of dirt found in the streets or on unclean river bottoms. But the expression comes from the name of Doctor Samuel Alexander Mudd, a physician who fixed the broken leg of John Willes Booth, the man who killed President Abraham Lincoln. Doctor Mudd treated Booth's injured leg without knowing who he was.
    A small group helped Booth to plan Lincoln's murder. They were all caught and sentenced to death or prison terms.
    Doctor Mudd had nothing to do with Lincoln's murder or with any of the men who had planned it. All seemed to show that he was an innocent(清白)man. But he had given some kind of help only to leave Booth to escape. This in itself was a crime then. And so, Doctor Mudd was sentenced to prison for life.
    In prison, Doctor Mudd saved many prisoners and guards in a yellow fever outbreak. President Andrew Johnson pardoned him in 1869, after the doctor had spent almost four years in prison.
    The American people considered the murder of Lincoln a heavy blow to them. It filled them with bitterness that lasted many years. They hated Booth very much and they also hated anybody who had helped the murderer in any way. Doctor Mudd was freed, but people never forgave him and his name passed into American folk speech as something bad, hateful. The Mudd family had also suffered a lot because of the name until not long ago.
    48. The best title for this passage is ______.
    A. Abraham Lincoln, the Great President for the American People
    B. Your Name Will Be Mud
    C. Social Problem of the U.S.A. during the 1860s
    D. Old Law System of the U.S.A
    49. Doctor Samuel Alexander Mudd was put in prison because ______.
    A. he had helped Booth murder Lincoln
    B. the American people loved Abraham Lincoln deeply
    C. he had broken the American law
    D. he hadn't reported the fact to the American government
    50. From the last paragraph it can be inferred that ______.
    A. Doctor Mudd had recently been set free
    B. Doctor Mudd's innocence was declared when he was set free
    C. there will be more expressions with mud
    D. people hate anyone who kills their President
    51. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
    A. People know the meaning of the phrase very well.
    B. Mudd would have stayed in prison until he was very old.
    C. Willes Booth was possibly injured before murdering Lincoln.
    D. Mudd and his family lived an unhappy life after he was set free.
    E ★ ★ ★
    A new era is upon us. Call it what you will: the service economy, the information age, the knowledge society. It all translates to a fundamental change in the way we work. Already we're partly there. The percentage of people who earn their living by making things has fallen dramatically in the Western World. Today the majority of jobs in America, Europe and Japan (two thirds or more in many of these countries) are in the service industry, and the number is on the rise. More people are self-employed. But the breadth of the economic transformation can't be measured by numbers alone, because it also is giving rise to a radical(完全的) new way of thinking about the nature of work itself. Long-held notions about jobs and careers, the skills needed to succeed, even the relation between individuals and employers—all these are being challenged.
    We have only to look behind us to get some sense of what may lie ahead. No one looking ahead 20 years possibly could have foreseen the ways in which a single invention, the chip, would transform our world thanks to its applications in personal computers, digital communications and factory robots. Tomorrow's achievements in biotechnology, artificial intelligence or even some still unimagined technology could produce a similar wave of dramatic changes. But one thing is certain: information and knowledge will become even more vital(极其重要的), and the people who possess it, whether they work in manufacturing of services, will have the advantage and reduce the wealth. Computer knowledge will become as basic a requirement as the ability to read and write. The ability to solve problems by applying information instead of performing routine tasks will be valued above all else. If you cast your mind ahead 10 years, information services will be predominant(最有利的). It will be the way you do your job.
    52. A characteristic of the information age is that ______.
    A. most of the job opportunities can now be found in the service industry
    B. manufacturing industries are steadily increasing
    C. people find it harder and harder to earn a living by working in factories
    D. the service industry is relying more and more on the female work force
    53. One of the great changes brought about by the knowledge society is that ______.
    A. the difference between the employee and the employer had become insignificant
    B. people have to change their jobs from time to time
    C. most people have to take part-time jobs
    D. people's traditional concepts about work no longer hold true
    54. By referring to computers and other inventions, the author means to say that ______.
    A. people should be able to respond quickly to the advancement of technology
    B. the importance of high technology has been overlooked
    C. future achievements in technology will bring about inconceivable dramatic changes
    D. computer science will play a leading role in the future information services
    55. The future will probably belong to those who ______.
    A. give full play to their brain potential
    B. possess and know how to make use of information
    C. involve themselves in service industries
    D. cast their minds ahead instead of looking back
    第二卷(共35分)
    第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
    第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
    Advertising is the most important mean of promoting business 56. ______
    and the products they manufacturing. It is used throughout the world. 57. ______
    Billions of dollars is spent each year in an effort to make the public 58. ______
    familiar to the products manufacturers are selling. Companies 59. ______
    advertise on television, radio, newspapers, magazines and, 60. ______
    when it is permitted, on large billboards in the city or along the 61. ______
    highways. The public is usually aware of the cost of advertising 62. ______
    because no one asks them the money directly. In fact, 63. ______
    the public pays for advertising. The manufacturers just added 64. ______
    the cost of advertising up to the product they sell. 65. ______
    第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
    现在,人们的热门话题总离不开“三贵”:买房贵,上学贵,看病贵。请根据下面图画,写一篇英语短文,简要说明图画中所表达的内容,重点阐述这种现象带来的后果和你的观点。
    题目自拟。



    注意:1. 短文应包含图中所提供的主要信息,并做适当发挥,使短文连贯,完整。
    2. 词数:120左右。

    Key:
    1-5 BDCBA 6-10 BDCBA 11-15 DDCAC 16-20 CBACD 21-25 CCCDB
    26-30 ACDDC 31-35 CBDAB 36-40 ABCDC 41-45 CBCCA 46-50 BDBCC
    51-55 DADCB
    56. mean→means。 57. manufacturing→manufacture。 58. is→are。 59. to→with。
    60. √。 61. when→where。 62. aware前加not。 63. the前加for。 64. added→add。
    65. 去掉up。
    One possible version
    It's Time to Reduce Loads
    Nowadays, we often hear people complain that it is expensive to buy houses, to pay for the children's education and to see the doctor, which is really true. As is shown in the picture, some people are burdened with high expenses all their lives. Some people even get stuck in heavy debt even though they make their efforts to earn money and save every coin. Because of lack of money, some people have no room to live in. Some can't send their children to school. And some others even can't seek for treatment in the hospital and have to bear the pain of diseases.
    In my opinion, the government should build up a perfect system to meet the basic needs of living. The expenses on houses, tuition and medicine should be cut down so that everyone can enjoy a better life.
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