高三英语单元练习Unit9-10
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Summary:第一节 单项填空 (共15小题; 每小题1分,满分15分) 1. Owing to the slackening (减弱,减慢) of the orders, the firm had to ____ some of their workmen. A. lay out B. lay off C. lay aside.

  • 第一节 单项填空 (共15小题; 每小题1分,满分15分)
    1. Owing to the slackening (减弱,减慢) of the orders, the firm had to ____ some of their workmen.
    A. lay out B. lay off C. lay aside D. lay down
    2. Now many middle-school students are nearsighted, and the reason is that they ____ their eyes either to study or to watch TV or to surf the net.
    A. employ B. take C. abuse D. overtake
    3. If only he ____ so much time surfing the net last year, he would be studying in a key university now.
    A. hadn’t spent B. didn’t spend C. wouldn’t spend D. should spend
    4. Don’t ____ a dictionary every time you come across a new word while reading, otherwise you will soon get bored and stop reading.
    A. look up B. consult C. refer D. discuss
    5. When ____ about how to choose a proper car for personal use, he advised me to ask Mr Li.
    A. consulting B. consulted C. he consulted D. having consulted
    6. —My wife never does any shopping in the supermarket.
    —____.
    A. Nor does me B. Mine does too
    C. Mine doesn’t too D. Nor does mine
    7. —Supposing you stayed on a lonely island, what could you do?
    —____, but I think I would try to live on.
    A. If so B. Yes, I would C. Hard to say D. Well, of course
    8. The Chinese government has organized some projects ____ poverty relief, which has proved a great success in some areas.
    A. aimed at B. aiming at C. designing for D. designed at
    9. He studies hard so that he won’t let his parents ____. As a result, he was admitted into a famous university and became ____ pride of his family.
    A. down; the B. off; the C. in; a D. out; a
    10. There ____ two expert doctors ____ the wounded soldiers, who were nearly killed fighting the fire.
    A. is said to be; attending to B. are said to be; attending on
    C. saying; to attend to D. to say to have; to attend on
    11. He stood there with his eyes ____ on the birds in the tree, without realizing danger was around the corner.
    A. fixed B. fixing C. to fix D. to be fixed
    12. The task was hard to deal with, but he managed to complete it ____.
    A. at most B. at least C. at length D. at first
    13. With time ____, he forgot his past completely, which made all of us surprised.
    A. went by B. going by C. go by D. having gone by
    14. He was lucky enough to escape ____ in the terrible traffic accident.
    A. killing B. killed C. being killed D. to be killed
    15. This film is both interesting and instructive and I find it worth ____ a second time.
    A. seeing B. to be seen C. being seen D. having seen
    第二节 完形填空(共20小题; 每小题1.5分, 满分30分)
    阅读下面短文, 掌握其大意, 然后从16-35各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
    After I gave a talk on the subject of happiness,a woman in the audience stood up and said, "I 16 my husband had come." "Much 17 I loved him," she explained, "it wasn't easy being married to someone so unhappy." This woman 18 me to put into words what I had been 19 — altruistic(无私的),as well as the personal, the reasons for taking happiness 20 . I told her that 21 of us owes it to our spouse(配偶), our children, our friends to be as happy as we can.
      This 22 me of my childhood. I was not a particularly 23 child, and like most teenagers, I 24 pleasure in my anguish. One day, however, it occurred to me 25 I was taking the easy way out. Anyone could be unhappy. But happiness 26 in struggling. We assume that happiness is a 27 that comes as a result of good things that just happen to us, things 28 which we have little or no control. But the opposite is true: happiness is 29 under our control. I once met a young man who 30 me as particularly successful and happy. He spoke of his love for his beautiful wife and their three daughters, and of his 31 at being a radio talk-show host in a city he loved. 32 we started talking about the Internet. He blessed its existence, he told me, because he could 33 information on multiple sclerosis -- the terrible disease 34 his wife. From the young man I learned that as with happiness itself, it is up to you to make a 35 .
    16. A. expect B. hope C. wish D. wait
    17. A. although B. because C. how D. as
    18. A. made B. enabled C. had D. led
    19. A. searching for B. waiting for C. looking forward to D. thinking up
    20. A. happily B. seriously C. easily D. hardly
    21. A. every B. no one C. none D. each
    22. A. remembered B. cured C. brought D. reminded
    23. A. pleasant B. thankful C. attractive D. happy
    24. A. found B. took C. looked D. sought
    25. A. that B. what C. / D. how
    26. A. lied B. laid C. lies D. located
    27. A. discovery B. result C. duty D. feeling
    28. A. over B. under C. of D. with
    29. A. particularly B. special C. largely D. most
    30. A. recognized B. struck C. beat D. knew
    31. A. glad B. joy C. nice D. willingness
    32. A. Then B. However C. Thus D. Otherwise
    33. A. make sure B. find out C. look up D. pick up
    34. A. suffering B. affecting C. harming D. disappointing
    35. A. decision B. pity C. mistake D. fortune
    第二部分 阅读理解 (共20小题; 每小题2分,满分40分)
    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D、四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
    A ★
    How far Chinese scientists will advance in deep space is not immediately known. But one thing is certain: They will conduct exploration of Mars besides the ongoing lunar mission.
    "In the coming five years, China will, on the basis of its moon probes, plan deep-space exploration, focusing on lunar and Martian exploration," Sun Laiyan, chief of the China National Space Administration, said yesterday.
    Sun's remarks at the 36th Scientific Assembly of Committee on Space Research held in 2006 in Beijing appeared to be the first time a Chinese official has announced that the nation's space programme would include Martian probes. Sun did not elaborate(阐述)on that part of the mission plan, however. Long Lehao, a senior space scientist with the Chinese Academy of Engineering, said yesterday that Chinese rockets were capable of sending a satellite to orbit any planet, including Mars. "If the government makes up its mind to start the mission to Mars now, I think we could send an orbiter to Mars in three to five years," he also told China Daily.
    By comparison, Chang'e 1, a probe that weighs 2.3 tons, will be launched next year to circle the moon for 12 months. Following the launch of Chang'e 1 next year, China plans to send a vehicle to soft-land on the moon and cruise(巡航) around its surface around 2012.
    36. What does the word “lunar” in the first paragraph mean?
    A. Of the sun B. Of the moon
    C. Something about the space D. Something about Mars
    37. From the passage we know that China’s deep-space exploration will concentrate on __________.
    A. lunar exploration B. Mars probes
    C. the launch of Chang’e D. lunar and Martian exploration
    38. Which of the following about Chang’e 1 is WRONG?
    A. It will be launched in 2007.
    B. It will carry out a soft-land on the moon.
    C. It is 2.3 tons heavy.
    D. It will travel around the moon for 12 months.
    39. What does the underlined word “he” in the third paragraph refer to?
    A. the Chinese government B. Sun Laiyan C. Long Lehao D. a Chinese official
    B ★
    In 1952, A.S. Douglas wrote his PhD degree on Human-Computer interaction. Douglas created the first graphical computer game.
    William Higginbotham created the first video game ever in 1958. In 1962, Steve Russell invented "Space War!"." Space War!" was the first game intended for computer use. In 1967, Ralph Baer wrote the first video game played on a television set, a game called Chase.
    In 1971, Nolan Bushnell together with Ted Dabney created the first arcade game(虚拟器游戏). It was called Computer Space, based on Steve Russell's earlier game of "Space War!". The arcade game Pong was created by Nolan Bushnell a year later. Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney started Atari Computers that same year. In 1975, Atari re-released Pong as a home video game.
    In 1972, the first commercial video game console(操纵台) that could be played in the home, the Odyssey was released by Magnavox and designed by Ralph Baer. The game machine was originally designed in 1966 while Ralph Baer was still at Sanders Associates, who managed to gain his legal rights to the machine after Sanders Associates rejected it. The Odyssey came programmed with twelve games.
    40. Who created the first graphical computer game?
    A. Ralph Baer B. Ted Dabney C. A.S Douglas D. William Higginbotham
    41. The first video game was created ______.
    A. in 1972 B. in 1952 C. in 1962 D. in 1958
    42. From the text we know that Computer Space ________.
    A. was also called Space War
    B. was the first game intended for computer use
    C. was the first video game played on a television set
    D. was created by Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney
    C ★★
    The story of how the song "Happy Birthday to You" came to be, began as a sweet one, that later soured. Two sisters, Mildred Hill, a teacher at the Louisville, Kentucky Experimental Kindergarten, and Dr. Patty Hill, the principal of the same school, together wrote a song for the children, entitled "Good Morning to All". When Mildred combined her musical talents, as the resident expert on spiritual songs, and as the organist for her church, with her sister's expertise in the area of Kindergarten Education, "Good Morning to All" was sure to be a success.
    The sisters published the song in a collection entitled "Song Stories of the Kindergarten" in 1893. Thirty-one years later, after Dr. Patty Hill became head of the Department of Kindergarten Education at Columbia University's Teacher College, a gentleman by the name of Robert H. Coleman published the song, without the sisters' permission. To add insult to injury, he added a second verse, the familiar "Happy Birthday to You" .
    Mr. Coleman's addition of the second verse popularized the song and, eventually, the sisters' original first verse disappeared. "Happy Birthday to You," the one and only birthday song, had altogether replaced the sisters' original title, "Good Morning to All."
    After Mildred died in 1916, Patty, together with a third sister named Jessica, sprang into action and took Mr. Coleman to court. In court, they proved that they, indeed, owned the melody. Because the family legally owns the song, it is entitled to royalties from it, whenever it is sung for commercial purposes.
    43. Which of the following about Patty Hill is TRUE?
    A. She was an expert on spiritual songs.
    B. She was a teacher as well as the headmaster of the school.
    C. She had a gift for music.
    D. She was experienced at educating young children.
    44. When did the sisters publish the song “Good Morning To All”?
    A. In 1893 B. In 1916 C. In 1924 D. Not mentioned
    45. The addition of the second verse to “Good Morning To All” ________.
    A. made the sisters happy because it made the song popular
    B. showed that the gentleman had a gift for music
    C. made the song popular
    D. immediately took the place of the first verse.
    46. What might be the most suitable title for the text?
    A. How did the sisters protect their song?
    B. Where did the song "Happy Birthday to You" come from?
    C. How did “Happy Birthday to You” become popular?
    D. A sad story of “Happy Birthday to You”
    D ★★
    A man came home from work late, tired and irritated, to find his 5-year old son waiting for him at the door. "Daddy, how much do you make an hour?" the boy asked. " $20 an hour." replied the father. Looking up, he said, "Daddy, may I please borrow $10?"
    The father was furious and said, " You march yourself straight to your room and go to bed. "
    The little boy quietly went to his room and shut the door. The man sat down and started to get even angrier about the little boy's questions. How dare he ask to get some money? After about an hour or so, the man had calmed down, and started to think: Maybe there was something he really needed to buy with that $10 and he really didn't ask for money very often.
    The man went to the door of the little boy's room and opened the door. "It's been a long day and I took out my aggravation on you. Here's the $10 you asked for." The little boy sat straight up, smiling. "Oh, thank you, daddy!" He yelled. Then, reaching under his pillow, he pulled out some crumpled up bills. The man, seeing that the boy already had money, started to get angry again.
    The little boy slowly counted out his money, then looked up at his father. "Why do you want more money if you already have some?" the father grumbled. "Because I didn't have enough, but now I do," the little boy replied. "Daddy, I have $20 now. Can I buy an hour of your time? Please come home early tomorrow. I would like to have dinner with you."
    47. By saying “You march yourself straight to your room and go to bed.”, the father meant _______.
    A. he agreed to lend his son $ 10
    B. he refused his son’s request
    C. he wanted to talk about it later
    D. it was time for the boy to go to bed
    48. The father went into the boy’s room because ______.
    A. he wanted to see if the boy was asleep
    B. he wanted to ask his son why he borrowed money
    C. he felt sorry for what he had done
    D. he wanted to ask for the money his son had
    49. In the story, the father’s mood (心情) changed from_______.
    A. anger to happiness B. helplessness to excitement
    C. eagerness to helplessness D. tiredness to excitement
    50. We can infer that ________.
    A. the father was strict with his son
    B. the boy often asked for money
    C. the father finally gave his son $10
    D. the father seldom had dinner with his son
    E ★★★
    What is time? Is it a thing to be saved or spent or wasted, like money? Or is it something we have no control over, like the weather? Is time the same all over the world? That's an easy question, you say. Wherever you go, a minute is 60 seconds, an hour is 60 minutes, a day is 24 hours, and so forth. Well, maybe. But in America, time is more than that. Americans see time as a valuable resource. Maybe that's why they are fond of the expression, "Time is money."
      To Americans, punctuality is a way of showing respect for other people's time. Being more than 10 minutes late to an appointment usually calls for an apology, and maybe an explanation. People who are running late often call ahead to let others know of the delay. Of course, the less formal the situation is, the less important it is to be exactly on time. At informal get-togethers, for example, people often arrive as much as 30 minutes past the appointed time. But they usually don't try that at work.
    American lifestyles show how much people respect the time of others. When people plan an event, they often set the time days or weeks in advance. Once the time is fixed, it takes almost an emergency to change it. If people want to come to your house for a friendly visit, they will usually call first to make sure it is convenient. Only very close friends will just “drop by” unannounced. Also, people hesitate to call others late at night for fear they might be in bed. The time may vary, but most folks think twice about calling after 10:00 p.m.
    51. Why are the Americans fond of the expression “Time is Money.”?
    A. Because they can’t control time.
    B. Because time is the same all over the world.
    C. Because they consider time as a thing like money.
    D. Because they consider time as a valuable resource.
    52. In America, if you are more than 10 minutes late to an appointment, _______________.
    A. it doesn’t matter
    B. it is necessary for you to make an apology
    C. you needn’t say anything about your delay
    D. you needn’t call ahead to let others know you will be late
    53. What does the last paragraph mainly discuss?
    A. The reasons why the Americans value time.
    B. The ways to show their respect to the time of others.
    C. Being on time is highly valued in the USA.
    D. Never drop in on others unless you are their close friends.
    54. We can infer that ___________.
    A. you mustn’t be on time when you attend an informal get-together
    B. you can’t change the time of an appointment once you fix it
    C. Americans never call up others after 10 p.m.
    D. Americans think highly of punctuality at work
    55. The main idea of the passage is_______.
    A. that Americans value punctuality B. that in the USA time is limited and valuable
    C. the Americans’ attitude towards time D. the Americans’ control over time
    第三部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
    第一节 短文改错 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
    Toni Morrison is an American writer famous as her examination 56. ______
    of black Americans. She receives the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1993. 57. ______
    Morrison grew up in a family who had an appreciation for black culture. 58. ______
    Storytelling, songs and folktales were a greater part of her childhood. 59. ______
    She attended to Howard University (1953) and Cornell University (1955). 60. ______
    After teaching at Texas Southern University for two years, 61. ______
    in 1965 she became a fictional editor. From 1984 she taught writing 62. ______
    at the State University of New York, left in 1989 to join 63. ______
    Princeton University. The central theme of Morrison’s novels are 64. ______
    the black Americans in a unjust society and her characters struggle 65. ______
    to find themselves and their cultural identity.
    第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
    Lily是你的同学,你到她家请她明天到你家参加你的生日宴会,但她不在,请根据图示写一张便条告诉她到你家怎么走。
    注意:字数100左右,开头已给出,不计入总数。


    Dear Lily,
    When I came to you home,…

    Sincerely,
    Rongmei
    Key:
    1-5 BCABB 6-10 DCAAB 11-15 ACBCA 16-20 CDBAB 21-25 DDDBA
    26-30 CDACB 31-35 BACBA 36-40 BDBCD 41-45 BBDCD 46-50 ACBBC
    51-55 ADCDD
    56. as→for。57. receives→received。 58. who→that/which。 59. greater→great。60. 去掉to。61. √。62. fictional→fiction。 63. left→leaving。 64. are→is。 65. a→an。
    One possible version:
    Dear Lily,
    When I came to your home, I found that you were out. So I had to leave you a note.
    I’d like to invite you to come to my birthday party at 7:00 pm tomorrow evening. Let me tell you how to get to my flat.
    You should take bus No. 5 and get off at the terminal. Then you should walk back down the Main Road in the direction of Shanghai to across the road by the subway. After crossing the road, turn right and go across the bridge over the river on your left. When you come to the crossing, turn left and go straight on and take the second right turning. Soon you’ll find a bank easily. Take the road opposite the bank, and you’ll see Block 6. My flat is 408 on the fourth floor. You can’t miss it.
    Looking forward to seeing you at my birthday party.
    Sincerely,
    Rongmei
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