高三英语单元Unit13-14
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Summary:45分) 第一节 单项填空 (共15小题; 每小题1分,满分15分) 1. —Do you think I should go to the seaside for a rest? —____ I advise you to accept her invitation. A. Why not? B. It’s up to you. C. It depends..

  • 45分)
    第一节 单项填空 (共15小题; 每小题1分,满分15分)
    1. —Do you think I should go to the seaside for a rest?
    —____ I advise you to accept her invitation.
    A. Why not? B. It’s up to you. C. It depends. D. What about you?
    2. There are varieties of ____ living thing in the forest, and it’s just ____ world of wildlife.
    A. /;a B. a; the C. the; a D. /;the
    3. ____ that the weather is favorable, farmers will have a good harvest.
    A. Pretending B. Assuming C. Thinking D. Believing
    4. To my ____, he was not a little ____ at the news that he had won the first prize in the English speech contest, for he thought that he didn’t perform so well.
    A. astonishment; astonishing B. astonished; astonishing
    C. astonishment; astonished D. astonish; astonishment
    5. The boy pretended ____ to English tapes when his English teacher passed him by. But in fact he was listening to popular songs played on MP3.
    A. to listen B. to be listening C. to have listened D. listening
    6. He has never been to the USA, but he makes it ____ as if he ____ there many times.
    A. seems; have been B. seems; had been
    C. seem; have been D. seem; had been
    7. He ____ the difficult problem by giving a full explanation.
    A. cleaned B. cleared C. clarified D. classified
    8. Can you ____ the manager? I’ve something very important to report to him.
    A. get hold of B. get along with C. get down to D. get rid of
    9. —I just taught him a lesson. Nothing more.
    —I think you’ve carried it out too far. You’re to blame.
    —____
    A. Yes, I will. B. Yes, I agree with you.
    C. Do you know him? D. My fault?
    10. A/An ____ water supply for city people is already a problem no government can take lightly.
    A. plentiful B. enough C. adequate D. rich
    11. I looked to the right and found another party had arrived and ____ a tent between the trees.
    A. put up B. would put up
    C. had put up D. were putting up
    12. —Maybe I’ll have no time to visit the Tian An Men Square.
    —____ you’ve been in Beijing, why not go and have a look?
    A. Even though B. When C. As D. While
    13. Mona Lisa is a mysterious beauty painted by Da Vinci. Her eyes were her best ____.
    A. character B. advantage C. feature D. proof
    14. Was it not until ____ he did was found out ____ he had to acknowledge his mistake?
    A. when; before B. what; that C. that; what D. /;that
    15. At that time I am ____ with myself whether I should accept the gift.
    A. debating B. arguing C. disputing D. quarrelling
    第二节 完形填空(共20小题; 每小题1.5分, 满分30分)
    阅读下面短文, 掌握其大意, 然后从16-35各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
    What would life be like without television? Would you spend more time 16 , reading, or studying? Well, now it’s your chance to turn off your TV and 17 ! TV-Turnoff Week is here.
    The goal of TV-Turnoff Week is to let people leave their TV sets 18 and participate in activities 19
    drawing to biking. The event was founded by TV-Turnoff Network, a non-profit organization which started the event in 1995. In the 20 , only a few thousand people took part. Last year more than 7.6 million people participated, 21 people in every state in America and in more than 12 other countries! This is the 11th year in which 22 are asking people to turn off the TV and turn on 23 .
    According to the TV-Turnoff Network, the average 24 in the US spend 25 time in front of the TV (about 1,023 hours per year) than they do in school (about 900 hours per year). Too much TV 26 has made many kids grow fat. 27 , in 2001’s TV-Turnoff Week, US Surgeon General David Satcher said, “We are raising the most 28 generation of youngsters in American history. This week is about saving lives.”
    Over the years, studies have shown that watching a lot of TV 29 poor eating habits, too little exercise, and violence. Frank Vespe of the TV-Turnoff Network said that turning off the TV “is or 30 part of a healthy lifestyle”.
    “One of the great lessons of 31 TV-Turnoff Week is the realization that 32 I turn on the TV, I’m deciding not to do something else,” Vespe said.
    TV-Turnoff Week seems to be making a 33 . Recent US Census(人口普查) data 34 that about 72 percent of kids under 12 have a limit on their TV time. That’s 35 about 63 percent ten years ago.
    16. A. drinking B. sleeping C. washing D. playing outside
    17. A. find out B. go out C. look out D. keep out
    18. A. away B. off C. on D. beside
    19. A. like B. as C. from D. such as
    20. A. end B. event C. beginning D. total
    21. A. besides B. except for C. including D. except
    22. A. governments B. parents C. organizers D. businessmen
    23. A. the light B. the radio C. life D. the Internet
    24. A. grown-ups B. kids C. clerks D. parents
    25. A. less B. enough C. little D. more
    26. A. programs B. screen C. hours D. watching
    27. A. However B. On the contrary C. In fact D. As a result
    28. A. overweight B. overeaten C. overgrown D. overseeing
    29. A. leads to B. results from C. develops D. keeps away
    30. A. will be B. should be C. may be D. could be
    31. A. organizing B. taking part in C. participating D. asking for
    32. A. wherever B. every day C. every time D. this time
    33. A. living B. choice C. difference D. sense
    34. A. shows B. says C. reads D. writes
    35. A. rising B. down fromC. up to D. up from
    A ★
    Many people who work in London prefer to live outside it, and to go to their offices or schools every day by train, car or bus, even though this means they have to get up early in the morning and reach home late in the evening.
    One advantage of living outside London is that houses are cheaper. Even a small flat in London without a garden costs quite a lot to rent. With the same money, one can get a little house in the country with a garden of one’s own.
    Then, in the country one can rest from the noise and hurry of the town. Even though one has to get up earlier and spend more time on trains or buses, one can sleep better at night and during weekends and on summer evenings, one can enjoy the fresh, clean air of the country. If one likes gardens, one can spend one’s free time digging, planting, watering and doing the hundred and one other jobs which are needed in a garden. Then, when the flowers and vegetables come up, one has the reward of one who has shared the secret of nature.
    Some people, however, take no interest in country things: for them, happiness lies in the town, with its cinemas and theatres, beautiful shops and busy streets, dance-halls and restaurants. Such people would feel that their life was not worth living if they had to live outside London. An occasional walk in one of the parks and a fortnight’s visit to the sea every summer is all the country they want: the rest they are quite prepared to leave to those who are glad to get away from London every night.
    36. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
    A. People who like country things prefer to live outside the city.
    B. People who work in London prefer to live in the country.
    C. Because of certain disadvantages of living outside London, some people who work in London prefer to live inside London.
    D. Because of certain advantages of living outside London, many people who work in London
    prefer to live outside London.
    37. One can use the same money for ________ to buy a little house with a garden in the country.
    A. getting a small flat with a garden
    B. having a small flat with a garden
    C. renting a small flat without a garden
    D. buying a small flat without a garden
    38. When the flowers and vegetables in the garden come up, those _______ have the reward of one who has shared the secret of nature.
    A. who live in the country
    B. who have spent time working in the garden
    C. who have a garden of their own
    D. who have been digging, planting and watering
    39. The underlined word “rest” in the last paragraph refers to ________.
    A. the rest time
    B. the rest people
    C. the rest of the country
    D. the rest of the parks and of the sea
    B ★★
    Americans think that travel is good for you, some even think it can help one of the country’s worst problems—crime. Crime worries a lot of people. Every year, the number of crimes goes up and up. And many criminals are young. They often come from sad homes with only one parent or no parents at all.
    There are many young criminals in prison. But prison doesn’t change them. Six or seven in ten will go back to crime when they come out of prison. One man, Bob Burton, thought of a new idea. In the old days, young men had to live a difficult life on the road. They learned to be strong and brave, and to help their friends in time of danger. This helped them to grow into men. So Bob Burton started “Vision Quest”. He takes young criminals on a long, long journey with horses and wagons, 3, 000 miles through seven states. They are on the road for more than a year.
    The young people on “Vision Quest” all have had problems. Most of them have already spent time in prison. This is their last chance. It’s hard work on the road. The day starts before the sun comes up. The boys and girls have to feed the horses. Some of them have never loved anyone before. But they can love their horses. That love can help them to start a new life.
    Not all the young people on “Vision Quest” will leave crime behind them. Three or four in ten will one day be in prison again. Bob Burton is right. Travel can be good for you. Even today, Americans still say, “Go west, young man.”
    40. In Paragraph 4 “leave crime behind them” means _______.
    A. no longer do a crime
    B. leave people who do a crime
    C. don’t do all the crime
    D. leave criminals behind
    41. From the passage we may infer that _______.
    A. getting up before the sun rises can help people out of crime
    B. loving can help young people to start a new life
    C. traveling can help all criminals out of prison
    D. being brave and strong can do with crime
    42. On “Vision Quest” _______.
    A. young people all have bad problems
    B. young people grow tall very fast
    C. young people often help their friends in time of danger
    D. all of the above
    43. Americans still say, “Go west, young man”, because _______.
    A. if they go west they can have a travel
    B. in the west there is a prison
    C. there they have to live a hard life to grow into men
    D. the prison doesn’t change them
    C ★★
    Want a glance of the future of health care? Take a look at the way the various networks of people about patient care are being connected to one another, and how this new connectivity is being exploited to deliver medicine to the patient—no matter where he or she may be.
    Online doctors offering advice based on normal symptoms (症状) are the most obvious example. Increasingly, however, remote diagnosis (远程诊断) will be based on real physiological data from the actual patient. A group from the University of Kentucky has shown that by using personal data assistance plus a mobile phone, it is perfectly practical to send a patient’s important signs over the telephone. With this kind of equipment, the cry asking whether there was a doctor in the house could well be a thing of the past.
    Other medical technology groups are working on applying telemedicine to rural care. And at least one team wants to use telemedicine as a tool for disaster need—especially after earthquakes. On the whole, the trend is towards providing global access to medical data and experts’opinions.
    But there is one problem. Bandwidth (宽带) is the limiting factor for sending complex medical pictures around the world—CT photos being one of the biggest bandwidth users. Communication satellites may be able to deal with the short-term needs during disasters such as earthquakes or wars. But medicine is looking towards both the second-generation Internet and third-generation mobile phones for the future of remote medical service.
    Doctors have met to discuss computer-based tools for medical diagnosis, training and telemedicine. With the falling price of broadband communications, the new technologies should start a new time when telemedicine and the sharing of medical information, experts’opinions and diagnosis are common.
    44. The writer chiefly talks about _______.
    A. the use of telemedicine
    B. the on-lined doctors
    C. medical care and treatment
    D. communication improvement
    45. The basis of remote diagnosis will be _______.
    A. personal data assistance
    B. some words of a patient
    C. real physiological information
    D. medical pictures from the Internet
    46. Which of the following statements is TURE according to the passage?
    A. Patients don’t need doctors in hospitals any more.
    B. It is impossible to send a patient’s signs over the telephone.
    C. Many teams use telemedicine dealing with disasters now.
    D. Broadband communications will become cheaper in the future.
    47. The underlined word “problem” in Paragraph 4 refers to the fact that _______.
    A. bandwidth isn’t big enough to send complex medical pictures
    B. the second-generation of Internet has not become popular yet
    C. communication satellites can only deal with short-term needs
    D. there is not enough equipment for spreading the medical care
    D ★★★
    If there is one thing I’m sure about, it is that in a hundred years from now we will still be reading newspapers. It is not that newspapers are a necessity. Even now some people get most of their news from television or radio. Many buy a paper only on Saturday or Sunday. But for most people reading a newspaper has become a habit passed down from generation to generation.
    The nature of what is news may change. What basically makes news is what affects our lives—the big political stories, the coverage of the wars, earthquakes and other disasters, will continue much the same. I think there will be more coverage of scientific research, though. It’s already happening in areas that may directly affect our lives, like genetic engineering. In the future, I think there will be more coverage of scientific explanations of why we feel as we do—as we develop a better understanding of how the brain operates and what our feelings really are.
    It’s quite possible that in the next century newspapers will be transmitted electronically from Fleet Street and printed out in our own home. In fact, I’m pretty sure how it will happen in the future. You will probably be able to choose from a menu, making up your own newspaper by picking out the things you want to read —sports and international news, etc.
    I think people have got it wrong when they talk about competition between the different media. They actually feed off each other. Some people once foresaw that television would kill off newspapers, but that hasn’t happened. What is read on the printed page lasts longer than pictures on a screen or sound lost in the air. And as for the Internet, it’s never really pleasant to read something just on a screen.
    48. What is the best title for the passage?
    A. The Best Way to Get News
    B. The Changes of Media
    C. Make Your Own Newspaper
    D. The Future of Newspapers
    49. In the writer’s opinion, in the future, _______.
    A. more big political affairs, wars and disasters will make news
    B. newspapers will not be printed in publishing houses any longer
    C. newspapers will cover more scientific research
    D. more and more people will watch TV
    50. What will probably be on in the newspaper made by yourself?
    A. Sports and international news.
    B. A menu of important news.
    C. The most important news.
    D. What you are interested in.
    51. The underlines phrase “feed off” in the last paragraph means _______.
    A. depend on B. compete with
    C. fight with D. kill off
    E ★★★
    When I asked my daughter which item she would keep: the phone, the car, the cooker, the computer, the TV, or her boyfriend, she said the phone. Personally, I could do without the phone entirely, which makes me unusual because the telephone is changing our lives more than any other piece of technology.
    Point 1: The telephone creates the need to communicate, in the same way that more roads create more traffic. My daughter comes home from school at 4∶00 pm and then spends an hour on the phone talking to the very people she has been at school with all day. If the phone did not exist, would she have anything to talk about?
    Point 2: The mobile phone means that we are never alone. “The mobile saved my life,” says Crystal Johnstone. She had an accident in her Volvo on the A45 between Otley and Skipton. Trapped inside, she managed to make the call that brought the ambulance to her rescue.
    Point 3: The mobile removes our secret. It allows Marketing Manager of Haba Deutsch, Carl Nicolaisen, to ring his sales staff all round the world at any time of day to ask where they are, where they are going, and how their last meeting went.
    Point 4: The telephone separates us. Antonella Bramante in Rome says,“We worked in separate offices but I could see him through the window. It was easy to get his number. We were so near—but we didn’t meet for the first two weeks !”
    Point 5: The telephone allows us to reach out beyond our own lives. Today we can talk to several complete strangers simultaneously on chat lines (at least my daughter does. I wouldn’t know what to talk about). We can talk across the world. We can even talk to astronauts (if you know any) while they’re space walking. And, with the phone line hooked up to the computer, we can access the Internet, the biggest library on earth.
    52. How do you understand “Point l: The telephone creates the need to communicate...”?
    A. The telephone creates more listeners.
    B. People communicate because of the recreating of the telephone.
    C. People communicate more since the telephone has been created.
    D. People communicate more because of more traffic.
    53. Which of the following best shows people’s attitude towards mobile phones?
    A. Mobile phones are useful when you have an accident.
    B. Mobile phones bring convenience to people.
    C. Mobile phones can help people go across the world.
    D. Mobile phone number is easy to get.
    54. The underlined word “simultaneously” most probably means ________.
    A. in a friendly way B. in an easy way
    C. at the same time D. through computers
    55. Which points do you think support the idea that phones improve people’s life?
    a. Point 1. b. Point 2. c. Point 3. d. Point 4. e. Point 5.
    A. c, d. B. a, e. C. a, c. D. b, e.
    第三部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
    第一节 短文改错 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
    I had a very strange childhood. My parents lived abroad for long periods, 56._____
    but I had a natural tendency to live in a world of my own. 57._____
    I rapidly went out all the children’s books that 58._____
    I could get hold of. Then I graduated to adult books at early age 59._____
    because I had run out things to read. I came across the detective stories of 60._____
    Margery Allingham. I loved the stories, in particularly, the wide sympathy 61._____
    with all different kind of people. Once I had started writing fiction, 62._____
    I thought that one of the things I wanted to do is to write something 63._____
    that was as many fun as one of Margery Allingham’s prewar books, 64._____
    and above all I wanted to learn from her and tell a real good story. 65._____
    第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
    根据下列材料写一篇介绍中国宇航员费俊龙的文章





    姓  名

    费俊龙


    职  业

    宇航员,中国人民解放军宇航员大队成员


    出生日期

    1965年


    出生地点

    江苏省昆山市


    身  高

    1.70米


    爱  好

    绘画


    简  历

    1982年被中国人民解放军空军飞行学院录取
    1984年从中国人民解放军空军飞行学院毕业,成为一名空军飞行员
    1997年成为空军最佳飞行员
    1998年加入中国人民解放军航天员大队
    2005年10月12日与聂海胜一起乘坐神州六号宇宙飞船探索太空,并于2005年10月17日成功返回,这次太空之行标志着我们国家载人航天计划第二阶段的开始
    参考词汇:中国人民解放军航天员大队,the Astronaut Team of the People’s Liberation Army;中国人民解放军空军飞行学院,the Aviation College of the Air Force of the People’s Liberation Army
    词数:100—120。
    Key:
    1-5 AABCB 6-10 DCADC 11-15 DDCBA 16-20DABCC 21-25 CCCBD
    26-30 DCAAB 31-35 BCCAD 36-40 BCBCA 41-45 BCCAC 46-50 DADCD
    51-55 ACBCD
    56. √。 57. but→so。 58. out→through。 59. early前加an。 60. out后加of。
    61. particularly→particular。62. kind→kinds。 63. is→was。 64. many→much。
    65. real→really。
    One Possible Version:
    As we all know, Fei Junlong is an astronaut of our country and also a member of the Astronaut Team of the People’s Liberation army. He is 1.70m tall and likes drawing in his spare time. He was born in 1965 in KunShan City, JiangSu Province. In 1982, he was admitted into the Aviation College of the Air Force of the People’s Liberation Army, from which he graduated and became a pilot in 1984. In the Aviation College, he trained very hard, and as a result, he became one of the excellent pilots of the air force in 1997. Thanks to his excellent work, he joined the Astronaut Team of the People’s Liberation Army in 1998. On October 12, 2005, Fei Junlong together with Nie Haisheng explored space on Shenzhou-6 spaceship and successfully returned on October 17,2005. This space journey marked the beginning of the second stage of the manned space program of our country. Such is Fei Junlong, a famous astronaut who has made great achievements for our space career.
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