高三英语单元Unit15-16
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Summary:45分) 第一节 单项填空 (共15小题; 每小题1分,满分15分) 1. —It must be exciting to go to Australia for education. —____ Sometimes you’ll feel embarrassed because of language or economic problems. A. It’s hard to sa.

  • 45分)
    第一节 单项填空 (共15小题; 每小题1分,满分15分)
    1. —It must be exciting to go to Australia for education.
    —____ Sometimes you’ll feel embarrassed because of language or economic problems.
    A. It’s hard to say. B. Well, I suppose so.
    C. I don’t know yet. D. It is a waste of time and money.
    2. More and more people have seen the point that ____ education does make ____ difference for the poor children’s future.
    A. the; a B. an; / C. /; a D. the; /
    3. The new software ____ the development of space science.
    A. will be applied to B. will apply to
    C. will be applied for D. will apply for
    4. With so much evidence against him, he had to acknowledge ____ in the general election.
    A. defeated B. to be defeated
    C. having defeated D. having been defeated
    5. We should ____ be aware of our own shortcomings and weaknesses.
    A. at times B. at all times C. at a time D. at one time
    6. You needn’t teach your daughter. She is ____ enough to make up her own mind and behave in a proper way.
    A. grown B. ripe C. mature D. growing
    7. The bus was due to ____ at 5pm but it arrived one hour late due to ___ by the heavy fog.
    A. arrive; be held up B. arrive; being held up
    C. arriving; be held up D. having arrived; having been held up
    8. Now many college students don’t apply for jobs ____ after graduation, because they want to study further.
    A. at last B. straightaway C. once again D. at no moment
    9. He has never done this type of work before; I’m not sure whether he’ll ____ the other employers.
    A. fit in B. fit with C. fit to D. fit in with
    10. I heard the news with great ____. But in fact the result is far from ____.
    A. satisfaction; satisfaction B. satisfaction; satisfactory
    C. satisfactory; satisfactory D. satisfy; satisfied
    11. Sit here, this seat is ____.
    A. bare B. vacant C. empty D. blank
    12. I ____ as long as I could from telling her the news.
    A. held up B. held on to C. held out D. held back
    13. At present there is no better system to ____ a student’s ability than college entrance examination.
    A. guess B. assess C. value D. praise
    14. My uncle is leaving for Shanghai tomorrow and I will ____ him ____ at the airport.
    A. send; away B. leave; off C. send; off D. show; around
    15. China has special schools to encourage and develop young table tennis players, and this is ____ the National Team goes to find stars of the future.
    A. when B. where C. how D. which
    第二节 完形填空(共20小题; 每小题1.5分, 满分30分)
    阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从16-35各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
    In the Internet era, the Web gives us information, lets us send messages, start business... and helps us make friends! Several months ago, I 16 www.mosh.cn, a platform for 17 and would-be friends to get together.
    I’m the website’s CEO: chief executive officer, 18 more exactly, chief entertainment officer. Yes, the website is for 19 . MOSH means moment 20 .
    If you think of an 21 event and want to find good company, you may 22 a topic on MOSH and select from hundreds of respondents (答复者).
    Why did I set up the website? 23 I’m a guy who’s always been fond of 24 . I had a colorful 25 , fighting with other boys and having little adventures. At the age of 11, I moved to Guangdong with my family, continuing my 26 life. 27 , I was admitted to Peking University in 1998. Yet I never 28 “playing” and trying new things. I was a member of several 29 clubs there.
    This indispensable (不可缺少的) 30 also made me give up a position most people 31 dream of— investment (投资) banker at Morgan Stanley. Even some of my closest friends thought I was 32 to give up my 1 million Yuan yearly salary. I just gave them a 33 smile: “I like playing. I only find 34 in something I’m really interested in.”
    My 35 is to have millions of young Chinese visit the website and have fun. I know my dream is coming closer and closer.
    16. A. visited B. bought C. founded D. designed
    17. A. friends B. relatives C. classmates D. families
    18. A. and B. or C. but D. so
    19. A. education B. information C. advertisement D. entertainment
    20. A. relaxing B. working C. sharing D. showing
    21. A. interesting B. boring C. truthful D. serious
    22. A. see B. write C. use D. post
    23. A. Since B. Because C. As D. For
    24. A. joking B. walking C. playing D. talking
    25. A. childhood B. dream C. world D. field
    26. A. simple B. rich C. terrible D. carefree
    27. A. Actually B. Fortunately C. Besides D. Especially
    28. A. enjoyed B. considered C. stopped D. avoided
    29. A. students B. teachers C. girls D. boys
    30. A. research B. activity C. game D. hobby
    31. A. must B. would C. can D. should
    32. A. sick B. successful C. crazy D. able
    33. A. confident B. honest C. smart D. lovely
    34. A. idea B. chance C. wonder D. passion
    35. A. idea B. goal C. hobby D. future
    第二部分 阅读理解(共20小题,每小题2分,满分40分)
    A ★
    Countless items that we take for granted in modern life originated in ancient China, from paper-printing, and silk to gunpowder, kites, mechanized oil wells and sophisticated medical surgery. Nowhere did the Chinese exhibit more skill and ingenuity (聪明才智) than in the creation of tens of thousands of bridges.
    In China Bridge, NOVA TV explores the unexpected wealth of China’s bridge heritage. The show’s experiments will focus on an ancient design that baffles engineers and scholars—the Rainbow Bridge. Its blueprint derives from a renowned 12th century Chinese scroll painting that depicts life in the Song Dynasty capital of Kaifeng around 1000 A.D.. It is a panorama (全景画) that is crowded with more than a thousand tiny figures busy with their daily life and involved in weddings, funerals, and war games. At the center of all this activity is the Rainbow Bridge, lined with shops on both sides.
    One Song Dynasty historian wrote, “the bridge has no piers, but giant timbers spanning the void (空间), decorated with red paint and curved like a rainbow.” It was a style never attempted in the Western world.
    How could such a daring and intricate structure have been built above a river? Retired engineer Tang Huancheng may know the answers, who has carefully studied the Rainbow Bridge for nearly fifty years. Now NOVA TV helps him fulfill his long-cherished dream of reconstructing it. With little historical information, Professor Tang is joined by a team of experts who devise a plan for the bridge based on a close analysis of the painting. Working in a lively village in the picturesque (风景如画的) Yellow Mountains of Central China’s Anhui Province, the two teams work from opposing banks, each with a different set of challenges.
    This drama forms the climax of one of NOVA TV’s most marvelous shows, which will open a window on the vanished wonders of ancient China.
    36. What is most discussed in this passage?
    A. Wonders of ancient China.
    B. NOVA and its programs.
    C. The Rainbow Bridge.
    D. Professor Tang and his study.
    37. In Paragraph 2, the underlined “baffles” can be best replaced by “______”.
    A. puzzles B. amuses
    C. encourages D. surprises
    38. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
    A. People benefit from inventions in ancient China.
    B. The Rainbow Bridge had no rivals in the West.
    C. Reconstructuring the Rainbow Bridge is a challenge.
    D. Professor Tang has been building bridges for ages.
    B ★★
    Kendall Barry, 17, from West Potomac High School in America, finished her tests yesterday. Now she has set aside her textbooks to put final touches on her latest project of the fashion design course: a gown she both designed and sewed. The dress was for tonight’s school fashion show.
    “I do really well in academics (学业), but fashion is my favorite. It’s what I want to do with my future,” Barry said. Next years she will attend college and study fashion design. “I like that you get to work with your hands,” Barry was really looking forward to showcasing her design tonight.
    To have a good fashion show, there would also be music and special effects, besides designers like Barry. DJs for the show were students in the music technology class. What about the visual special effects flashing on the walls? It went to the television production students. And, eye-catching posters had been created by graphic design(美术设计) students. It’s a show of the students, by the students and for the students.
    West Potomac High School is one of the several American high schools where technical classes are taught. Many educators believe career or technical classes help students learn much more than practical skills.
    “We’re teaching cooperation and teamwork,” said Maria Kappel, career experience specialist at West Potomac High School.
    Janet Bray, head of a career and technical education organization, said, “These kids are going on to college. They are learning leadership skills. They learn how to solve problems.” Such classes give teenagers a taste of what a career might be like.
    American students have many different courses to choose from, such as repairing cars, running mini-restaurants in schools, animal science, medicine, etc. As there is a growing need among students, more new courses are expected.
    39. The passage is mainly about _________.
    A. career or technical classes in America
    B. after-class activities of American middle schools
    C. American students’ hobbies and interests
    D. how a fashion show was organized in an American middle school
    40. What was Kendall Barry’s purpose of making the gown?
    A. To take part in the fashion show and win a prize.
    B. To prepare herself for her future career.
    C. To relax after the tests.
    D. To get ready for college.
    41. The underlined word “DJs” in Paragraph 3 probably refers to ________.
    A. music CDs or records
    B. musical instruments
    C. background music
    D. people who major in music
    42. Technical classes can benefit American students in all the following ways EXCEPT that .
    A. they learn cooperation and teamwork
    B. they learn leadership skills
    C. they get enough marks required for college
    D. they get a taste of their future careers
    C ★★
    America may still think of itself as the land of opportunities, but the chances of living a rags-to-riches life are a lot lower than elsewhere in the world, according to a new study.
    The possibility that a child born into a poor family will make it into the top five percent is just one percent, according to a study by economist Tom Hertz from American University.
    By contrast, a child born rich had a 22 percent chance of being rich as an adult, he said.
    “In other words, the chances of getting rich are about 20 times higher if you are born rich, than if you are born in a low-income family,” Hertz said.
    Compared to several European countries, it’s more possible in the United States for the poor to stay poor and the rich to stay rich. Consider a rich family and a poor one in the United States and a similar pair of families in Denmark, Hertz found that 22 percent American family would transmit the same income level from the parent generation to the children generation; in Denmark it would be two percent.
    Another survey by the New York Times last year tells a different story. It found that 80 percent of those polled (投票) believed that it was possible to start out poor, work hard and become rich, compared with less than 60 percent back in 1983. That is to say, most Americans are optimistic about making economic improvements in their own lifetime.
    The contradiction implies that while people think they are going to make it, the reality is very different.
    Hertz’s research was based on data provided by over 4,000 children. Their parents’ income was observed in 1968, and when they became adults their own income was reviewed again in 1995, 1996, 1997 and 1999.
    This study may disprove the myth of America as the land of opportunity, but it doesn’t tell us what to do to fix it.
    43. According to Tom Hertz’s study, _________.
    A. there are equal chances for those born rich and those born poor to get rich in America
    B. those born rich have advantages over those born poor in many areas
    C. those born poor don’t believe they can get rich through hard work
    D. those born poor have little chance of getting rich however hard they work
    44. Compared with Americans, people in Denmark _______.
    A. are more likely to live a rags-to-riches life
    B. get less influence from their parents generation
    C. can get rich with less effort
    D. are more optimistic about their future
    45. What’s the purpose of the survey by the New York Times mentioned in the passage?
    A. To provide further proof to the first study.
    B. To support the main idea of the passage.
    C. To support the author’s own view.
    D. To provide proof against the first survey.
    46. The two surveys mentioned in the passage make you believe that ________.
    A. America is still the land of opportunities for most people
    B. the American social system needs to be further improved
    C. America is no longer the land of opportunities as many people believe
    D. there is more fairness in Europe than in the United States
    D ★★★
    Charles Dickens was one of the great literary geniuses of all time and one of the most popular. It has been estimated that one out of ten Britons could read his works, and then read them aloud to many others!
    Dickens was born in Portsmouth, southern England, in 1812. The good fortune of being sent to school at the age of nine was short-lived (昙花一现的), because his father was imprisoned for bad debt. Dickens was sent to work in Warren’s shoe-blacking factory and endured terrible conditions as well as loneliness and despair. After three years he was returned to school but the experience was never forgotten and became fictionalized (小说化) in two of his better-known novels David Copperfield and Great Expectations.
    Like many others, Dickens began his literary career as a journalist. He wrote for several newspapers, gaining more and more popularity. In 1836 came the publication of the highly successful Pickwick Papers, and from that point on there was no looking back.
    In addition to a talented novelist, Dickens was also a theatre enthusiast. He wrote plays and performed before Queen Victoria in 1851. Dickens was energetic; he spent much time abroad—for example, lecturing against slavery in the United States and touring Italy with Wilkie Collins, a writer who inspired Dickens’ final unfinished novel Mystery of Edwin Drood.
    Dickens died of a stroke in 1870. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. During Dickens’ lifetime he became a mythic figure. It was said that when he died, a little girl cried “Dickens dead? Then will Father Christmas die too?”
    47. The passage is mainly about ________.
    A. the life of Charles Dickens
    B. the great achievements of Charles Dickens
    C. the colorful experience of Charles Dickens
    D. Charles Dickens’ great influence on British literature
    48. From the passage, we can learn that it was mainly from _____ that Charles Dickens got the inspiration to write David Copperfield and Great Expectations.
    A. his father’s being imprisoned
    B. his good fortune in his childhood
    C. his terrible experience in his childhood
    D. his short-lived schooling
    49. After the success of Pickwick Papers, Charles Dickens ________.
    A. made great achievements and were unwilling to look back upon his early life
    B. made even greater achievements in his later life
    C. turned his attention to politics and fighting against slavery
    D. caught the world’s attention and was invited to lecture in many countries
    50. What the little girl said in the last paragraph suggests that _________.
    A. she mistook Charles Dickens for Father Christmas
    B. she was heartbroken at Charles Dickens’ death
    C. in her heart Charles Dickens was as holy as Father Christmas
    D. she didn’t believe Charles Dickens’ death
    E ★★★
    No school pays attention to building students’ self-discipline. Zoe Bellars and Brad McGann, eighth-graders at Swanson Middle School in Arlington, Va., do their homework faithfully and practise their musical instruments regularly. In a recent experiment, they declined to accept a dollar bill when told they could wait a week and get two dollars.
    Those traits might be expected from good students, certainly no big deal. But a study by University of Pennsylvania researchers suggests that self-discipline is a better predictor of academic success than even IQ “Underachievement among American youth is often blamed on inadequate teachers, boring textbooks, and large class sizes,” the researchers said. “We suggest another reason for students falling short of their intellectual potential: their failure to exercise self-discipline.”
    We believe that many of America’s children have trouble making choices that require them to sacrifice short-term pleasure for long-term gain, and that programs that build self-discipline may be the royal road to building academic achievement.
    How can self-discipline be measured? In the study, an assortment of standards was used, including questions for the students (such as how likely they are to have trouble breaking bad habits, on a 1-to-5 scale), ratings (评价) by their teachers and parents and the $1-now-or-$2-later test, which the researchers call the Delay Choice Task.
    Highly self-disciplined teenagers outperformed their more impulsive (冲动的) fellows on every academic-performance variable, including report card grades, standardized achievement test scores, admission to a competitive high school and attendance. Self-discipline measured in the fall predicted more variance in each of these outcomes than did IQ, and unlike IQ, self-discipline predicted gains in academic performance over the school year.
    Ryan Hill, director of the TEAM Academy Charter School in Newark, N.J., said students at his school are required to stay at school until their homework is done if TV interfered with study the night before. “Over time, they learn to just do their homework before watching TV, which becomes a habit of self-discipline,” Hill said.
    51. The passage is mainly written to tell us ______.
    A. how to be good students
    B. ways to study well
    C. what is self-discipline
    D. self-discipline is critical to academic success
    52. It can be inferred from the passage that Zoe Bellars and Brad McGann ______.
    A. are from the poor families
    B. can exercise proper self-discipline
    C. benefit from both self-discipline and IQ
    D. seldom watch TV
    53. The underlined word “declined” is closest in meaning to ______.
    A. hoped B. decided
    C. refused D. failed
    54. Compared to IQ, self-discipline ______.
    A. has long-term influence on academic performance
    B. predicts academic success
    C. is measurable
    D. can be improved
    55. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?
    A. Money can be used to encourage students to work hard.
    B. Self-discipline decides students’ academic performance.
    C. Sacrificing moment pleasure can result in future achievement.
    D. No school pays attention to building students’ self-discipline
    第三部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
    第一节 短文改错 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
    George Sang bought a lottery ticket a few days ago.
    The awards opened yesterday but he won a prize of $500,000. 56. ______
    He felt very happy after work. In his way back home, 57. ______
    a poor young artist stood at the gate of the subway station, 58. ______
    played his violin. George Sang felt the music was so wonderful 59. ______
    that he took out 50 dollar and put in the man’s hat. However, 60. ______
    the lottery ticket was also throwing in. The violinist was a student 61. ______
    and had planned to attend on advanced studies in Vienna. 62. ______
    He has booked the ticket. However, when he was cleaning up 63. ______
    he found a lottery ticket. He cancelled the flight and 64. ______
    came back to which he was given the lottery ticket. 65. ______
    第二节 写 作(满分25分)
    下面描述了水的循环过程。 请根据这幅图画并结合相关学科的知识, 用英语写一篇科普短文。
    注意: 词数100 – 120 , 短文的题目和开头已给出, 不计于总数。
    The Water Cycle
    As we all know, more then 70% of the surface of the earth is covered by water. Do you know where the water comes from and why the water doesn’t dry up? This is because the water cycle.


    Key:
    1-5 ACADB 6-10 CBBDB 11-15 BDBCB 16-20 CABDC 21-25 ADBCA
    26-30 DBCAD 31-35 BCADB 36-40 CADAB 41-45 DCDAB 46-50 CACBC 51-55 DBCAC
    56. but→and。 57. In→On。 58. √。59. played→playing。 60. dollar→dollars。
    61. throw→thrown。 62. 去掉on。 63. has→had。 64. a→the。 65. which→where。

    One possible version:
    The Water Cycle
    As we all know, more then 70% of the surface of the earth is covered by water. Do you know where the water comes from and why the water doesn’t dry up? This is because the water cycle.
    When the weather is fine, the heat of the sun evaporates water from the rivers, lakes, seas and oceans. Thus water vapor is formed, which rises and forms clouds in the air. When the clouds rise, they are cooled. The higher they rise, the cooler they are. This causes more and more water vapor to condense. In this way, the tiny drops of water in the clouds get bigger and bigger until they are heavy enough to fall to the earth as rain.
    Some of the rainwater sinks into the ground, and is used up by plants. Most of them goes back to the rivers, lakes, seas and oceans. This is called the water cycle, which starts all over again.
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