2006全国大学生英语竞赛决赛赛题(A级)_试题部分
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Summary:2006 National English Contest for College Students (Level A - Final) Part I Listening Comprehension (25 minutes, 30 points) Section A Short Conversations (6 points) Dire.

  • 2006 National English Contest for College Students
    (Level A - Final)
    Part I Listening Comprehension (25 minutes, 30 points)
    Section A Short Conversations (6 points)
    Directions: In this section, you will hear 6 short
    conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be read only once. After each question, there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A, B, C and D, and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
    1. A. Repair the car. B. Help his mum do her garden.
    C. Go sailing. D. Paint the flat.
    2. A. 10:15. B. 11:15. C. 1:55. D. 2:05.
    3. A. By plane. B. By coach. C. By train. D. By car.
    4. A. $ 16.50. B. $ 15.00. C. $ 12.50. D. $ 10.00.
    5. A. Because of the lorry accident. B. Because of the train strike.
    C. Because of the bus strike. D. Because of the car accident.
    6. A. In the sports center. B. In the library.
    C. In the lecture room. D. In the cinema.
    Section B Long Conversation (4 points)
    Directions: In this section, you will hear one long conversation. At the end of the conversation, 4 questions will be asked about what was said. You will hear both the conversation and the questions only once. After each question, there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A, B, C and D, and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
    7. A. 1:15. B. 2:00. C. 1:30. D. 3:30.
    8. A. 25 pence. B. 50 pence. C. 75 pence. D. 95 pence.
    9. A. 4 weeks. B. 6 weeks. C. 8 weeks. D. 10 weeks.
    10. A. A pen. B. A school bag. C. A book. D. A pencil.
    Section C News Items (10 points)
    Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short pieces of news from BBC or VOA. After each news item and question, there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the three choices marked A, B and C, and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
    11. A. 148 billion. B. 140 million. C. 1480 million.
    12. A. Five. B. Four. C. Three.
    13. A. Romania. B. Slovakia. C. Czech Republic.
    14. A. Whale. B. Dolphin. C. Shark.
    15. A. Ang Lee. B. Steven Spielberg. C. Both of them.
    16. A. Russia and the UK.
    B. Russia and other former Soviet Republics.
    C. Russia and Ukraine.
    17. A. Ban smoking in indoor public places. B. Ban smoking in all public places.
    C. Improve the health care system.
    18. A. More than 35,000. B. More than 2,600. C. More than 4,700.
    19. A. Mobile phone gambling is on the rise in Europe.
    B. Mobile phone gambling is on the rise in Australia.
    C. Mobile phone gambling is on the rise in Asia.
    20. A. The north-eastern part . B. The south-eastern part.
    C. The north-western part.
    Section D Passages (10 points)
    Directions:In this section, you will hear 2 passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear 4 or 6 questions. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A, B, C and D. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
    Passage One
    Questions 21 to 24 are based on the passage you have just heard.
    21. A. The children were very naughty.
    B. They lived in the countryside far away from other people.
    C. They had moved to a new town and didn't know many people yet.
    D. Everyone was busy and couldn't baby-sit.
    22. A. She was sick. B. She wasn't home.
    C. She was busy. D. She was going out soon.
    23. A. She felt happy. B. She felt lonely. C. She felt relaxed. D. She felt angry.
    24. A. The people thought she was a bank robber.
    B. Everyone else started shouting, too.
    C. Many people ran out of the bank.
    D. Everyone stood against the wall with their hands up.
    Passage Two
    Questions 25 to 30 are based on the passage you have just heard.
    25. A. 9:00 to 10:00. B. 9:00 to 10:30. C. 9:30 to 11:00. D. 9:30 to 11:30.
    26. A. Early in the morning. B. Before lunch.
    C. At lunchtime. D. After lunch.
    27. A. Ireland and Spain. B. Brazil and Ireland.
    C. Spain and Italy. D. Brazil and Italy.
    28. A. Cycling. B. Skiing. C. Football. D. Tennis.
    29. A. The year. B. The person. C. The story. D. The place.
    30. A. A comedy. B. A documentary. C. A musical. D. A thriller.
    Part II Vocabulary and Structure (5 minutes, 10 points)
    Directions: There are 10 incomplete sentences in this part. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
    31. An animator has to build up his or her work frame by frame. Each film takes a very long time to make, and so __________ are essential to see the project through to the end.
    A. research and development B. continuity and relaxation
    C. diversions and rewards D. dedication and commitment
    32. - How come you left the party without saying “good-bye”?
    - I was angry with John. He shouted at me and my patience __________.
    A. ran over B. ran away C. ran through D. ran out
    33. I'm a nervous wreck. We applied for a mortgage loan last week, and they __________ let us know this morning if it had been approved.
    A. were supposed to B. might have
    C. would have D. must go to
    34. We can't do any more now. Let's call it a __________.
    A. day B. halt C. stop D. night
    35. Although we tend to think that they are basically the same animal, dolphins, porpoises, and fish are not alike. Despite how similar they might seem, these three animals __________ dolphins and porpoises are mammals while fish are not.
    A. different in that B. different so that C. differ in that D. differ so that
    36. When Steve Fossett first attempted his solo balloon flight around the world, he __________ that he would encounter 10 days of thunderstorms over Argentina. Consequently, his balloon was damaged and he was forced to end his trip.
    A. wasn't anticipating B. wouldn't anticipate
    C. had anticipated not D. had not anticipated
    37. Leslie's upset. She invited about 20 people to her house for a party and then no one showed up. The least they __________ have done was to call to say they __________ to go.
    A. might; were going B. could; weren't going
    C. might; weren't supposed D. should; were going
    38. I wish I __________ myself better in English, but I __________.
    A. will express; won't B. could express; can't
    C. would express; won't D. can express; can't
    39. __________ the interview in Boston lasted so long, I missed my connecting flight to New York.
    A. Due to B. When C. As D. Despite
    40. John F. Kennedy was __________ youngest President of the United States and __________ to be murdered. Can you remember how long he __________ the country before his death?
    A. the; the fourth; had been ruling B. /; fourth; have been ruling
    C. the; fourth; was ruling D. a; the four; ruled
    Part III Situational Dialogues (5 minutes, 5 points)
    Directions: There are 5 incomplete dialogues in this part. For each dialogue there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the dialogue. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
    41. Mike: Why haven't more women chosen careers in science?
    Alice: Well, first of all, most children grow up with the idea that boys understand science more easily than girls do. This continues in the high school and college years. Later, it's hard for a woman to get a job in science.
    Mike: ______________________________
    Alice:Well, no, I didn't. A career doesn't get in the way. My husband and children try to understand my work and they are willing to help me. I know many women scientists who have happily arrived and have families.
    A. Did you sacrifice a family for your work?
    B. Did you feel happy with your life?
    C. Did you have something interesting to share with us?
    D. Did you get a higher salary?
    42. Dave: What causes people to have stress?
    Tim: As I said, all humans have stress. The problem is too much stress for a long period of time. When this happens, a person is in trouble. Various situations give rise to stress, such as losing your job, experiencing a divorce or death of a family member, a serious illness, or getting hurt in a bad accident and so on.
    Dave: ______________________________
    Tim: First, make sure your diet is healthy by eating lots of fruit and vegetables. Next, exercise regularly. You should also talk to a good friend or relative - someone you trust and who will listen to you. Sometimes just talking about problems helps.
    A. Tell us what we can do in our spare time.
    B. Is it true that men generally have more stress than women?
    C. Tell us what we can do when we have too much stress.
    D. Do you think today's world is more stressful than the world of 50 years ago?
    43. Tom: What was your worst subject?
    Ron: Mm...that would be chemistry. I never could learn to like it very much, and my marks weren't ever very good. The chemical formulas were hard for me to understand, and in chemistry class there are a lot of chemical formulas!
    Tom: ______________________________
    Ron: I've wanted to be involved in computer engineering ever since I was little. If I pass this interview and am offered a position with this company, I want to contribute to improving technology and developing better computers. I want to be a professional in this field.
    A. What do you think of computer engineering?
    B. How do you spend your free time?
    C. Did you enjoy your school life?
    D. Can you tell me about your hopes for future?
    44. Peter: ______________________________
    Diane: No, not all memories are correct, but they all tell us something about the person who is doing the remembering. The memory may tell us what the person likes or dislikes, what he or she wishes, and it may also tell us about his or her fears.
    Peter: ______________________________
    Diane: That's a good question. It's easier to remember things that have emotional meaning to you. It's also easier to remember information that you practice and use a lot. Repetition also reinforces memory; the more you repeat something, the better you remember it.
    A. Are there different kinds of memory? ; What makes it easier for people to remember certain things?
    B. What makes it easier for people to remember certain things? ; Are all memories accurate?
    C. What aspects of brain biology interest you? ; Are all memories accurate?
    D. Are all memories accurate? ; What kind of things are easier for people to remember?
    45. Carla: ______________________________
    Angie: Well, I lived in a small town in the country once and it was quite boring. Nothing ever seemed to happen. There's much more going on in the city. It's more exciting.
    Carla: ______________________________
    Angie: Although the city is more exciting, it's also much noisier, dirtier and more crowded than the countryside. Sometimes I miss the peace and quiet there.
    A. Why are you living in the city?; How would you compare life in the city to that in the country?
    B. Why don't you live in the city now?; How would you compare life in the city to that in the country?
    C. Would you like to live in the country?; Why is the city better than the country?
    D. Why do you like living in the city?; What are the disadvantages of the country?
    Part IV IQ Test (5 minutes, 5 points)
    Directions: There are 5 IQ Test questions in this part. For each question there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Mark your answer on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
    46. Christmas Day is on Friday. Three days after tomorrow is Christmas Day. Which of the following statements must be true?
    A. Today is Sunday. B. The day before yesterday was Saturday.
    C. Tomorrow is Wednesday. D. Yesterday was Monday.
    47. Malcolm, Mohammed, Lucy, Sally and Robin all have pets.
    Malcolm, Mohammed and Robin each have a dog.
    Malcolm has a cat.
    Sally loves horses but only has a rabbit and a snake.
    Mohammed also has a snake.
    Lucy and Robin have a parrot each.
    Who keeps the least pets?
    A. Malcolm. B. Sally. C. Lucy. D. Robin.
    48. If L E A F is written Q I D H, how would you write the code word for T R E E?
    A. YVHG B. XUGF C. WTFE D. VSED
    49. James and Tom like rugby. Tim and Nicholas prefer football. Only Nicholas does not enjoy roller skating. Which of the following statements must be true?
    A. James and Tim like roller skating but not rugby.
    B. Nicholas and Tim prefer football and roller skating.
    C. Tom does not enjoy football or roller skating.
    D. James and Tom enjoy rugby and roller skating.
    50. Each symbol in this table has a value. The total of these values in each row and column is written at the end of the corresponding row or column. Can you find the value of each symbol?

    A. Triangle = -4.2, Square = 11.5, Diamond = -1.8, Circle = 6.6
    B. Triangle = -3.2, Square = 10.5, Diamond = -0.8, Circle = 5.6
    C. Triangle = -5.2, Square = 12.5, Diamond = -2.8, Circle = 7.6
    D. Triangle = -6.2, Square = 12.5, Diamond = -3.8, Circle = 8.6
    Part V Reading Comprehension (25 minutes, 40 points)
    Section A Multiple Choice (5 points)
    Directions: There is one passage in this section with 5 questions. For each question, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
    Questions 51-55 are based on the following passage.
    In the lumberyard by the lake, where trees from the woods were turned into boards for construction work, there was an old brick building two floors high, and all around the outside walls were heaped great piles of soft sawdust. There were many of these golden mountains of dust covering that part of the yard right down to the blue lake. That afternoon, bored with having nothing else to do, all the fellows followed Michael up the ladder to the roof of the old building and they sat with their legs hanging over the edge looking out across the lake. Suddenly Michael said, “I dare you to jump down,” and without thinking about it, he pushed himself off the roof and fell on the sawdust where he lay rolling around and laughing. “I dare you all!” he shouted. “You're all cowards,” he said, encouraging them to follow him. Still laughing, he watched them looking down from the roof, white-faced and hesitant, and then one by one they jumped and got up grinning with relief.
    In the hot afternoon sunlight they all lay on the sawdust pile telling jokes till at last one of the fellows said, “Come on up on the old roof again and jump down.” There wasn't much enthusiasm among them, but they all went up to the roof again and began to jump off in a determined, desperate way till only Michael was left and the others were all down below grinning up at him calling, “Come on, Mike. What's the matter with you?” Michael wanted to jump down there and be with them, but he remained on the edge of the roof, wetting his lips, with a silly grin on his face, wondering why it had not seemed such a long drop the first time. For a while they thought he was only fooling them, but then they saw him clenching his fists tight. He was trying to count to ten and then jump, and when that failed, he tried to take a long breath and close his eyes. In a while the fellows began to laugh at him; they were tired of waiting and it was getting on to dinnertime. “Come on, you're a coward, do you think we're going to sit here all night?” they began to shout, and when he did not move they began to get up and walk away, still shouting. “Who did this in the first place? What's the matter with you all?” he called.
    But for a long time he remained on the edge of the roof, staring unhappily and steadily at the ground. He remained all alone for nearly an hour while the sun, like a great orange ball getting bigger and bigger, rolled slowly over the grey line beyond the lake. His clothes were wet from nervous sweating. At last he closed his eyes, slipped off the roof, fell heavily on the pile of sawdust and lay there a long time. There were no sounds in the yard, the workmen had gone home. As he lay there he wondered why he had been unable to jump; and then he got up slowly and walked home feeling deeply ashamed and wanting to avoid everybody.
    Questions:
    51. Why did the boys first decide to climb onto the roof of the building?
    A. To test their courage.
    B. To pass the time.
    C. To keep out of the way of the workmen.
    D. To get a better view of the woods.
    52. When the boys jumped after Michael, they __________.
    A. were not afraid at all B. wanted to do it again immediately
    C. were glad they had got down safely D. found the jump easier than expected
    53. Why didn't Michael make the second jump immediately?
    A. The ground seemed further away. B. He thought his friends had been foolish.
    C. He was trying to trick his friends. D. He wanted his friends to go away.
    54. How did Michael's friends react when he didn't jump?
    A. They left immediately. B. They were not surprised.
    C. They remembered how they had felt themselves.
    D. They thought he was joking.
    55. When Michael finally jumped the second time, he __________.
    A. was proud of himself B. improved on his first jump
    C. could not understand what had stopped him
    D. was not so angry with his friends
    Section B Yes / No / Not Given (5 points)
    Directions: In this part, you will have 5 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on the Answer Sheet. For questions 56 - 60, mark Y (for Yes) if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage; N (for No) if the statement contradicts the information given in the passage; NG (for Not Given) if the information is not given in the passage.

    Statements:
    56. Laundry is included in the cost of a room.
    57. An Express bus will take you from the hotel to the centre of the town.
    58. The hotel prefers guests who stay for a short time.
    59. You can have dinner as late as 11:00 pm.
    60. It is a long way to walk from the hotel to the main railway station.
    Section C Short Answer Questions (20 points)
    Directions: In this section, there are 2 passages followed by 10 questions or unfinished statements. Read the passages carefully, then answer the questions in a maximum of 10 words. Remember to write the answers on the Answer Sheet.
    Passage One
    Questions 61-65 are based on the following passage.
    There are some very good things about open education. This way of teaching allows the students to grow as people, and to develop their own interests in many subjects. Open education allows students to be responsible for their own education, as they are responsible for what they do in life. Some students do badly in a traditional classroom. The open classroom may allow them to enjoy learning. Some students will be happier in an open education school. They will not have to worry about grades or rules. For students who worry about these things a lot, it is a good idea to be in an open classroom.
    But many students will not do well in an open classroom. For some students, there are too few rules. These students will do little in school. They will not make good use of this type of education. Because open education is so different from traditional education, these students may have a problem getting used to making so many choices. For many students it is important to have some rules in the classroom. They worry about the rules even when there are none. Even a few rules will help this kind of student. The last point about open education is that some traditional teachers do not like it. Many teachers do not believe in open education. Teachers who want to have an open classroom may have many problems at their schools.
    You now know what open education is. Some of its good points and bad points have been explained. You may have your own opinion about open education. The writer thinks that open education is a good idea, but only in theory. In actual fact, it may not work very well in a real class or school. The writer believes that most students, but of course not all students, want some structure in their classes. They want and need to have rules. In some cases, they must be made to study some subjects. Many students are pleased to find subjects they have to study interesting. They would not study those subjects if they did not have to.
    Questions:
    61. One good thing about open education is that it __________.
    62. Open education may be a good idea for the students who __________.
    63. Why will some students do little in an open classroom?
    64. What do many teachers think of open education?
    65. Give this passage an appropriate title.
    Passage Two
    Questions 66-70 are based on the following passage.
    “My advisor wants me to call him by his first name,” many foreign graduate students in the U.S. have said, “But I just can't do it. It doesn't seem right. I have to show my respect.”
    On the other hand, professors have said of foreign students, “They keep bowing and saying ‘Yes, sir, yes, sir.' I can hardly stand it. I wish they'd stop being so polite and just say what they have on their minds.”
    Differing ideas about formality and respect frequently complicate relationships between American professors and students from abroad, especially Asian students (especially female Asian students). The professors generally prefer informal relationships (sometimes, but not always, including the use of first names rather than titles and family names) and little acknowledgment of status differences. Many foreign students are used to more formal relationships and sometimes have difficulty bringing themselves to speak to their teachers at all, let alone addressing them by their given names.
    The characteristics of student-teacher relationships on American campuses vary somewhat, depending on whether the students involved are undergraduate or graduate students, and depending on the size and nature of the college. Graduate students typically have more intense relationships with their professors than undergraduates do; at smaller colleges student-teacher relationships are typically even less formal than they are at larger institutions.
    To say that student-teacher relationships are informal is not to say that there are no recognized status differences between the two groups. There are. But native American students may show their respect mainly in the vocabulary and tone of voice they use when speaking to teachers. Much of their behavior around teachers may seem to foreign students to be disrespectful. For example, American students will eat in class, read newspapers, and assume quite informal postures. Approve of such behavior, but they tolerate it. Students, after all, are individuals who have the right to decide for themselves how they are going to behave.
    Questions:
    66. When addressed by their given names, American professors think it __________.
    67. Many foreign students' politeness makes their American professors __________.
    68. What are the relationships like between students and professors at big American universities compared with smaller ones?
    69. What do you understand by the term “status differences” (Para.5)?
    70. What do American teachers think of their students' behavior in class?
    Section D Summary (10 points)
    Directions: In this part, there is one passage followed by a summary. Read the passage carefully and complete the summary with the appropriate words from the passage. Remember to write the answers on the Answer Sheet.
    Questions 71-75 are based on the following passage.
    Wine can be made with red grapes or white grapes, and, especially in the case of red wines, a number of medical researchers have reported that a moderate amount of wine has certain health benefits. This may be one of the reasons why the number of people drinking wine has risen over the past years. As new wine shoppers browse the shelves of their local markets, they face a tough decision. Should they buy a wine with a cork or a screw top? And shoppers are not alone in their dilemma. Wineries are also facing tough choices in the best way to seal their products.
    The root of the problem lies in “cork taint.” Cork taint refers to a problem with wine that has been sealed with a bad cork. Traditionally, all corks are made from a special oak tree that grows around the Mediterranean. In the process of making the corks and sealing wine bottles, a certain type of mold may start to grow on some corks. Over time, this mold can produce a chemical that makes the wine inside the bottle taste musty. In fact, the human tongue is so sensitive to this particular compound that people can taste it even diluted up to six parts per trillion!
    How big is the problem of cork taint? Some experts from the wine industry claim cork taint affects one out of every ten bottles of wine. And as one spokesperson for an American winery says, “No other packaging industry in the world would put up with that kind of failure rate.”
    Some wine makers see a possible solution to the problem of cork taint through adopting the tried and true method of sealing bottles with screw tops. However, many wineries are still playing it safe and sticking to corks for two reasons. First, there is the old belief among cork users that small amounts of oxygen are able to penetrate corks. This oxygen, they say, is necessary for the proper aging of fine wines, especially those aged 10 years or more. Screw tops do not allow for any oxygen to get into the bottles after they are sealed.
    Another problem arises from the image screw tops have with the public. In most people's minds, screw tops are only found on cheap, low-quality wines. It will take a lot of effort from wineries to re-educate the public if they want to change the image of screw tops. In addition, there is the problem of losing the romantic, elegant mood produced by the ceremonial popping of the cork. Consumers don't seem to feel the same thrill when unscrewing a top. Summary:
    The wine industry is facing a dilemma. What is the best way to (71)__________ wine bottles? Many people think that it is only (72)__________ for wine bottles to be sealed with corks. They think that oxygen needs to be able to penetrate the cork. Other experts, however, suggest that wineries change to (73)__________. Using corks can lead to cork taint, a bad taste in the wine caused by (74)__________. However, it is unlikely that the public will accept this solution. They will most likely (75)__________ buying wine with corks for the romantic image.
    Part VI Cloze (10 minutes, 15 points)
    Directions: There are 15 blanks in the passage. For each blank, some letters of the word have been given (not exceeding 3 letters). Read the passage below and think of the word which best fits each blank. Use only one word in each blank. Remember to write the answers on the Answer Sheet.
    There is no doubt that the environment is in trouble. Factories burn fossil fuels which produce (76)ac rain, and this kills trees. At the same time, green house gases rise into the air and contribute to global (77)w , which threatens to melt the polar ice cap. Meanwhile farmers clear huge areas of rain forest in places such as the Amazon to produce feeding land for cattle or produce (78)w for building. Rivers and oceans are so heavily contaminated by industrial waste that it is no longer safe to go (79) sw . Cars pump out poisonous gases which we all have to breathe in. Poaching and overfishing are killing off millions of animals, including whales, elephants and other(80) end species. In fact, all around us, all living things large and small which comprise our finely balanced ecosystem are being systematically (81) des by human greed and thoughtlessness.
    There is a lot we can do, however, to help prevent this. The easiest thing, of course, is to (82) rec waste material such as paper and glass so that we can use it again. We should also check that the things we buy from (83) sup are packed in biodegradable packaging which decomposes easily. At the same time, we should make a conscious effort to avoid foods which are (84) gen modified. Of course, if you are truly committed to protecting the environment, you should only buy (85)org fruit and vegetables, safe in the knowledge that they have been naturally cultivated. Finally, we should buy a small car that uses unleaded petrol which is less (86)har to the environment or, even better, make more use of public transport.
    The serious (87) env , however, do much more. They are aware of the global issues involved and will actively involve themselves in conservation programmes by (88)m sure our forests are kept safe for future generations. They will (89)op activities which are harmful to animals. And they will campaign to keep the Green Belts around our towns and cities free from new building.
    We cannot all be as committed as them, but we can at least do our own little bit at grass roots level. We, as humans, have inherited the earth, but that doesn't mean we can do (90) wha we like with it.
    Part VII Translation (15 minutes, 15 points)
    Section A English-Chinese Translation (10 points)
    Directions: Translate the underlined sentences of the following passage into Chinese. Remember to write the answers on the Answer Sheet.
    To walk among the stars has been a dream of mankind since the beginning of time, and wandering among the heavens has inspired legends and fantasies across the ages. Today, that dream has become a reality, when we remember some of the greatest human achievements in history: walking on the moon, sending probes to distant planets and discovering the secrets behind the mysteries of the cosmos. (91) In the middle of the twentieth century, however, humans were at the halfway point between viewing space travel as a dream and as a reality. To them it was a goal rather than a fantasy, and the two main forces working toward that goal were the world's two superpowers, the Soviet Union and the United States.
    (92) Both of the great nations, on the advent of incredibly efficient rocket thrusters capable of propelling man-made objects into space, strove to achieve the victory of finding a place among the stars and securing the considerable international prestige associated with that monumental achievement. The Soviet Union gained the initial upper hand in the “Space Race”, as it is commonly called, sending the first animal into space with its Sputnik program. Its success and momentum carried it forward, achieving the second remarkable goal of putting a human cosmonaut into orbit around the earth and, more importantly, bringing him safely back to earth.
    (93) The United States, sensing it was losing its position in the Space Race, set out to achieve the most ambitious goal yet: to put a man on the moon. The resources of the entire nation were mobilized to work toward that goal under the orders of President John F. Kennedy, in the U.S. attempt to assert itself as a contender in the Space Race, despite the Soviet Union's early victories. (94) After several years, all the efforts bore fruit, when Neil Armstrong, an American, became the first man to walk on the moon.
    With the utterance of his famous words, “That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind,” Armstrong stated what everyone was thinking. The impossible had been achieved, for such a feat was considered impossible a scant hundred years prior. With the space program continuing forward, the future does indeed seem to hold unlimited possibilities for human kind. (95) An international space station is now orbiting the earth and there are even plans for colonizing planets, bringing the dreams and fantasies of yesterday in line with the reality of today.
    Section B Chinese-English Translation (5 points)
    Directions: Translate the following sentences into English. Remember to write your answers on the Answer Sheet.
    96. 旅游不仅使人感到心情愉快,而且可以增长知识。
    97. 给我留下印象最深的是她决心为达到自己的目标而努力。
    98. 因为人们有各自不同的兴趣和爱好,所以他们所喜欢的电视节目也各不相同。
    99. 如果你希望梦想成真,健康将是你成功的重要保证。
    100. 我的住所在电影院旁边,离大学只有一个街区。
    Part VIII Writing (30 minutes, 30 points)
    Task I (10 points)
    Directions: Suppose you are Li Ming. One of your roommates is getting addicted to smoking. You are going to write a letter, trying to persuade him to quit. Your letter should be persuasive. It may be advisable to include the following points in your letter.
    A letter to a roommate
    1) His smoking is becoming a problem for all his roommates.
    2) He is ruining his health.
    3) Smoking harms the health of others around him, too.
    4) He can quit if he is determined.
    You should write about 120 words. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming” instead. You do not need to write the address. Now write the letter on the Answer Sheet.
    Task II (20 points)
    Directions: Study the following picture carefully and write a composition to
    1) describe the picture
    2) interpret its meaning, and
    3) give your suggestion as to the best way to find happiness.
    You should write about 150 words. Now write the composition on the Answer Sheet.
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