2005年全国大学生英语竞赛初赛(A 级)_赛卷试题
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Summary:Part I Listening Comprehension (25 minutes, 30 points) Section A Dialogues (10 points) Directions:In this section, you will hear 10 short dialogues. At the end of each dialogue, a questi.

  • Part I Listening Comprehension (25 minutes, 30 points)

    Section A Dialogues (10 points)

    Directions:In this section, you will hear 10 short dialogues. At the end of each dialogue, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the dialogue and the question will be read only once. After each question, there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A, B, C and D, and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

    1. A. The man got the wrong window.

    B. The woman's window will not be open until 3:00.

    C. The man didn't make a reservation.

    D. There's no postal order at present.

    2. A. On Monday.
    B. On Tuesday.

    C. On Wednesday.
    D. On Thursday.

    3. A. Manager and staff member.
    B. Sales Manager and customer.

    C. Salesman and customer.
    D. Teacher and student.

    4. A. Pleasant.
    B. Unhappy.
    C. Indifferent.
    D. Hesitating.

    5. A. It's going to snow.
    B. It's going to rain.

    C. It's going to be windy.
    D. It will be sunny.

    6. A. At 3:00.
    B. At 3:30.
    C. At 4:00.
    D. At 4:30.

    7. A. They use up too much energy.

    B. They are not efficient.

    C. They are too expensive.

    D. She doesn't believe what it says on the box.

    8. A. She is offended by the front cover.

    B. The magazine is too expensive.

    C. Her friend wants to cancel it.

    D. She has no time to read it.

    9. A. Restaurant food.
    B. Home-cooked food.

    C. Takeaway food.
    D. Snack food.

    10. A. They will go Dutch.

    B. The man will pay for the bill.

    C. The woman will pay for the bill.

    D. The woman will cook for them.

    Section B News Items (10 points)

    Directions:In this section, you will hear 10 short pieces of news from BBC or VOA. After each news item and question, there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the three choices marked A, B and C, and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

    11. A. Russia and Germany.
    B. China and Japan.
    C. China and Russia.

    12. A. Ukraine government.

    B. Members of Parliament from the opposition.

    C. President of Ukraine.

    13. A. A library.
    B. A park.
    C. An underground museum.

    14. A. $8 million.
    B. $18 million.
    C. $80 million.

    15. A. In the USA.
    B. In Uganda.
    C. In the Sudan.

    16. A. Because some bacteria are drug-resistant.

    B. Because the infection is untreatable.

    C. Because some bacteria can be spread by physical contact.

    17. A. Washington D.C.
    B. Baghdad.
    C. Pennsylvania.

    18. A. The Airbus A380 can offer more seats than the Boeing 747.

    B. The Airbus has to change the traffic movements a lot to enable more passengers to travel.

    C. The Airbus company is exercising the most influence in air travel now.

    19. A. North Africa.
    B. South America.
    C. Hong Kong.

    20. A. Oil prices got lower.

    B. Oil prices got higher.

    C. More than 24.5 million barrels will be produced every day.

    Section C Passages (10 points)

    Directions:In this section, you will hear 2 passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear 5 questions. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A, B, C and D. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

    Passage One

    Questions 21 to 25 are based on the first passage you have just heard.

    21. A. A lot of things remind them of their home country.

    B. They can have new experiences.

    C. They will make a lot of friends there.

    D. They already know a lot about the foreign country.

    22. A. It makes people feel uncomfortable.

    B. It makes people become more open to new experiences.

    C. They will not visit the country again.

    D. They will go back to their own countries immediately.

    23. A. When they first arrive in a new country.

    B. When they have been used to a new country.

    C. After a few weeks or months.

    D. After a friendly talk with a trained staff of the health center.

    24. A. Having more sleep.
    B. Eating less.

    C. Trying to put on weight.
    D. Seeing a doctor.

    25. A. They will feel pain all over.

    B. They may think about killing themselves.

    C. They will not go to school or work.

    D. No one can help these people.

    Passage Two

    Questions 26 to 30 are based on the second passage you have just heard.

    26. A. People waste a lot of time watching it everyday.

    B. It encourages people to possess guns and knives through advertisements.

    C. It shows violence, which influences younger people especially.

    D. People will be willing to put up with violence.

    27. A. The influence of passive viewing of TV on the development of Children's brain.

    B. The subject matter it shows to parents.

    C. The active way of living it promotes.

    D. The possible harm TV viewing has on the health of old people.

    28. A. By allowing no time for the family to spend together.

    B. By preventing children from having contact with their parents.

    C. By encouraging children to depend on their parents.

    D. By taking over an essential part of the parents' work.

    29. A. Recognize the educational merits of the medium.

    B. Ban TV advertising aimed at younger people.

    C. Prohibit teenagers from watching TV.

    D. Help older people survive the “television experience”.

    30. A. It should be done because TV shows too much violence.

    B. It is neither necessary nor possible.

    C. It might not be workable, but we should not overlook the danger of TV.

    D. It should be done as soon as possible.

    Part II Vocabulary and Structure (5 minutes, 10 points)

    Directions: There are 10 incomplete sentences in this part. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

    31. Everyone knew that _________ the project would be completed and we'd all have to return to our own separate departments.

    A. primarily
    B. ultimately
    C. eventfully
    D. precisely

    32. The planes were delayed and the hotel was awful, but _________ we still had a good time.

    A. on the contrary
    B. by the same token

    C. on top of all that
    D. for all that

    33. It's freezing outside; you'd better _________ black ice when you drive home.

    A. look down on
    B. check up on

    C. watch out for
    D. keep out

    34. At that time no one's even studied the problem, _________ tried to do anything about it.

    A. not to say
    B. far more
    C. in no way
    D. much less

    35. It was odd that you _________ for Margie's address. I just got a letter from her—the first one since her family moved on August 1 1983.

    A. should have asked
    B. would have asked

    C. shall ask
    D. might ask

    36. The women ran down to assist them in bringing up their seals; but no sooner _________ the house than a voice was heard in the passage, and a man entered.

    A. after they re-enter
    B. had they re-entered

    C. were they to re-enter
    D. when they had re-entered

    37. Several of the administrative participants recognized the support and leadership from their institution's chief executive officers as a serious motivating factor at those moments _________.

    A. if the problem was challenging

    B. as the situation became serious

    C. when the challenges seemed overwhelming

    D. which the counterpart grew manipulating

    38. Well, really _________ now is start learning what to do with this software and read a lot of tutorials, learn and practice _________ you can.

    A. what you should do; as much as

    B. that you need do; whatever

    C. how you should start; the most

    D. as should you do; the longest hours

    39. _________, and members of the congregation having returned, this church too will start out with _________ effort in the work that lies before them, which will be taken up by the different departments.

    A. The summer vacation is over; great

    B. The summer vacation being over; renewed

    C. As the summer vacation over; refreshing

    D. Had the summer vacation been over; sacred

    40. Although there is some truth to the fact that Linux is a huge threat to Microsoft, predictions of the Redmond company's demise are, _________, premature.

    A. saying the most
    B. to say the most

    C. to say the least
    D. to the least degree

    Part III Situational Dialogues (5 minutes, 10 points)

    Directions: There are 10 incomplete dialogues in this part. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the dialogue. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

    41. Simon: I'm a reporter from the Hendon Standard.______________

    Celia: Yes, I was standing at the end of Elm Avenue, by the park.

    Simon: What happened?

    Celia: There was a red van traveling west, and several cars and vans behind it.

    A. Were you present when the accident happened?

    B. Would you tell me what you have seen?

    C. What a surprise to see you here!

    D. Did you do anything special just now?

    42. Stan: Thank you from the bottom of my heart for saving my little girl's life.

    John: ______________

    Stan: I can't tell you how much I appreciate what you've done.

    John: I'm just happy I could help.

    A. There's nothing to be afraid of.

    B. This is a wonderful day.

    C. Anybody would have done the same.

    D. I am glad to save her.

    43. Harry: I hear you are going to get married soon.

    Ron: That's right, next June. June 21st. Can you come to the wedding?

    Harry: Oh! ______________ That's when we're away on vacation.

    Ron: Never mind, we'll send you some wedding cake.

    A. That's great!

    B. What a pity!

    C. You have my deepest sympathy.

    D. You certainly can.

    44. Mother: You're watching too much TV, Emily.

    Emily: Oh, come on, Mom.

    Mother: ______________ And you're eating too many snacks.

    Emily: I only had some popcorn and some potato chips.

    A. I mean it.

    B. You're excused.

    C. Where's your radio?

    D. I don't want to know it.

    45. Karen: I'm not optimistic about finding a job after I finish college.

    Joseph: Oh? Why not?

    Karen: The economy is going downhill-fast.

    Joseph: I know. ______________ It's getting to the point where even a degree won't help you anymore.

    Karen: That's right. And I'll be lucky to even move out of my parents' house.

    A. My friend could offer me a job.

    B. I am not sure whether I agree or not.

    C. How do you feel about the economy?

    D. What is this world coming to?

    46. Ivan: I brought you the new Groove People CD.

    Dale: What good is a CD if I haven't got a CD player?

    Ivan: I can bring you a CD player.

    Dale: What good is a CD player if I don't even have electricity?

    Ivan: ______________

    Dale: What good is calling the Electric Company if I haven't got a house?

    A. Why do you have so many questions?

    B. What are you going to buy tomorrow?

    C. Why don't you call the Electric Company?

    D. Where did you buy the new CD?

    47. Doreen: We've been waiting for an hour and a half.

    Trevor: Say your aunt is very ill. A doctor ought to see her at once.

    Doreen: There isn't a doctor available. They're all busy.

    Trevor: ______________

    Doreen: I've asked her over and over again. The more I ask, the longer I wait.

    A. You're starting to calm down now.

    B. Ask the receptionist to hurry up.

    C. There will be a difficult period for your aunt.

    D. I'm sorry to hear that.

    48. Bruce: Good morning. Welcome to Supervacation Travel Agency. Can I help you?

    Mandy: Yes, I hope so. I'm interested in a short holiday soon. I'd like some information.

    Bruce: Yes, certainly. ______________

    Mandy: Somewhere with some sunshine.

    Bruce: Here's a Supervacation brochure. It gives information about lots of holidays.

    Mandy: Thanks for the information. I expect I'll see you soon.

    A. What about New York?

    B. Will you be traveling alone?

    C. What sort of holiday interests you?

    D. How are things going with you?

    49. Mavis: Did you see how close that finish was? It took my breath away!

    Roger: Wait, they're announcing the winner now. It's Don Jensen!

    Mavis: What a surprise! He's never won a major race before.

    Roger: I'm just astounded to see how much he's improved.

    Mavis: ______________

    Roger: I'm just floored that my best friend won such an important race.

    A. Why can't he improve quickly?

    B. What happened to him in the past two years?

    C. I'm going to take a break. I'm so tired!

    D. Let's go down on the track and congratulate him.

    50. Careth: Good afternoon. I've just joined the library. How many books can I take out?

    Eunice: You can take two books, and keep them for ten days. If you haven't finished, you can renew them.

    Careth: How do I do that? ______________

    Eunice: No, you can telephone. Tell us the titles of the books, and the date they are due for return.

    Careth: Splendid. I would be A Tale of Two Cities, or David Copperfield.

    Eunice: These two books have been lended.

    A. Why can't I keep them for a longer time?

    B. Must I visit the library?

    C. How much could I be fined?

    D. Can I lend them to my friends?

    Part IV IQ Test (5 minutes, 5 points)

    Directions: There are 5 IQ Test questions in this part. For each question there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Mark your answer on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

    51. A postman delivers mail round a housing estate.

    He does not want to visit the same street more than once, but can pass over the same street corners.

    On which housing estate is this possible?



    52. Here is a riddle.

    I am suspended in the air, I touch nothing, and I am surrounded by lights. Now I dress myself afresh, and now I am naked, and I am in the heat and the cold, by night and by day. Everyone amuses himself by tramping upon me, even the animals abuse and scorn me, and yet I have such treasures hidden in my bosom that he who finds them I can make full of happiness.

    What is the answer to the riddle?

    A. The Sun. B. The Moon. C. The Earth. D. The Sky.

    53.


    Which of the following numbers should replace the question mark?

    A. 417. B. 926. C. 138. D. 172.

    54. This bar chart shows the heights of a class of pupils.


    Which statement must be true?

    A. 2 children are 125 cm tall or less.

    B. 8 children are at least 140 cm tall, but less than 145 cm tall.

    C. 8 children are more than 144 cm tall, but less than 150 cm tall.

    D. No children are taller than 158 cm.

    55.


    Can you guide the robot along the white squares through this grid?

    It starts on the square marked ‘Begin’ and finishes on the square marked ‘End’.

    You can only programme it to move FORWARD, TURN LEFT 90° or TURN RIGHT 90°.

    Which of the instructions below will guide the robot through the grid?

    A. FORWARD 4, TURN RIGHT 90°,

    FORWARD 4, TURN LEFT 90°,

    FORWARD 4, TURN RIGHT 90°,

    FORWARD 2.

    B. FORWARD 4, TURN RIGHT 90°,

    FORWARD 3, TURN RIGHT 90°,

    FORWARD 4, TURN RIGHT 90°,

    FORWARD 3.

    C. FORWARD 3, TURN RIGHT 90°,

    FORWARD 3, TURN RIGHT 90°,

    FORWARD 4, TURN RIGHT 90°,

    FORWARD 2.

    D. FORWARD 3, TURN RIGHT 90°,

    FORWARD 3, TURN LEFT 90°,

    FORWARD 4, TURN RIGHT 90°,

    FORWARD 2.

    Part V Reading Comprehension (25 minutes, 35 points)

    Section A Multiple Choice (5 points)

    Directions: There is 1 passage in this section with 5 questions. For each of them, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

    Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage.

    New Findings in Archaeology

    ●South America and Madagascar were joined 70 million years ago






    Picture: Reuters
    An old croc: The discovery in Brazil of a nearly complete fossilised skeleton of the prehistoric crocodile Ubera-basuchus terrificus, above, supports theories that South America and Madagascar were joined 70 million years ago.


    ●We've all just got 40,000 years older

    Two skulls found in Africa have been identified as the oldest human remains known to science. The fossilised bones found in 1967 were originally thought to be 130,000 years old. But a re-dating of rock layers near those which yielded the fossils showed they are actually about 195,000 years old—from the time modern humans emerged. The skulls, known as Omo I and II, push back the known presence of Homo sapiens in Africa by 40,000 years. The previous oldest Homo sapiens skulls, dated to between 154,000 and 160,000 years old, were found near a village called Herto in the afar region of eastern Ethiopia. Omo I and II were unearthed by famous palaeontologist Richard Leakey along the Omo River in southern Ethiopia, near the town of Kibish. Omo I's more modern features led to disagreement among experts over whether they were the same age. The rocks in which they were found show they are, said Australian archaeologist Prof Ian McDougall, who made the discovery. He told scientific journal “Nature”: “Omo I and Omo II are relatively securely dated to 195,000 years old, making them the oldest anatomically modern human fossils yet recovered.”

    Questions:

    56. By which means could the scientists tell the age of fossils they have found?

    A. The bones of the fossils.

    B. The place where they were found.

    C. The history of humans.

    D. Identifying the rock layers of the fossils.

    57. How many years older has our species become by the new discovery?

    A. 130,000.
    B. 40,000.

    C. 195,000.
    D. Between 154,000 and 160,000.

    58. Where were the Omo I and II found?

    A. Near Herto.
    B. Along the Omo River.

    C. Near Kibish.
    D. In Australia.

    59. What does the word “ homo sapiens” mean in this passage?

    A. Human being.
    B. A sample of fossils.

    C. A river.
    D. A country.

    60. Which of the following statements are NOT true according to the passage?

    A. The discovery of an old crocodile skeleton in Brazil makes people believe that South America and Madagascar were joined 70 million years ago.

    B. Prof Ian McDougall thought Omo I and II were the oldest human fossils discovered.

    C. Prof Ian McDougall discovered that Omo I and II were not the same age.

    D. Omo I and II were discovered in southern Ethiopia.

    Section B Short Answer Questions (20 points)

    Directions: In this section, there are 2 passages followed by 10 questions or unfinished statements. Read the passages carefully, then answer the questions in the fewest possible words (not exceeding 10 words). Remember to write the answers on the Answer Sheet.

    Questions 61 to 63 are based on the following passage.

    King James

    Before the last shot of Michael Jordan's final game with the Chicago Bulls, he left behind a moment that will hang in the minds of sports fans the way he did in the air. His quick crossover dribble, with the help of a tiny shove, sent Utah Jazz defender Byron Russell to the floor. Wide open, Jordan nailed the game-winning jump shot, and he and the Bulls clinched their sixth—and Jordan's last—NBA title.

    At the Rose Garden Arena in Portland, Ore., last Wednesday, Cleveland Cavaliers star LeBron James, 20, became the youngest player to reach one of the toughest performance milestones in basketball, the “triple double” (double digits in points, rebounds and assists in a single game—he did it again three nights later). During one play, his quick crossover dribble, sans shove, sent a Portland defender veering to the sideline. Wide open, James shot a three pointer. Swish. Nothing but Mike.

    Ever since Jordan's first retirement a dozen years ago, the NBA has searched from Chi-town to China for a star as dominant and marketable as His Airness.

    The race to replace Jordan may end without a winner, but LeBron James, in just his second year out of St. Vincent—St. Mary High School in Akron, Ohio, is already far ahead of the pretenders. His game is spectacular. James combines Jordan's ease at filling up the box score (and the stands) with a ruthless instinct to win, a trait that Hill, a gentleman, and Carter, a diffident performer, surely lack. And like Jordan, James knows he can't do it alone. In fact, he is a complete team player who loves to pass the ball and make his teammates better: Iverson and Bryant can't claim much there.

    The biggest shock of all: the most hyped teen athlete of this century, who single-handedly put high school basketball on national television, has actually exceeded the ungodly expectations set before him. “The King James era is here”, says Milwaukee Bucks head coach Terry Porter, who played against Jordan for much of his 17-year pro career. “You could argue that LeBron is kind of carrying the league right now.”

    Questions:

    61. What does the sentence “Nothing but Mike.” indicate?

    62. Hill, a gentleman, and Carter, a diffident performer lack _________, compared with Jordan.

    63. Can you guess what Terry Porter was before he was a coach?

    Questions 64 to 70 are based on the following passage.

    Good news: Olympic chiefs visit London. Bad news: they'll be traveling by Tube

    It's crunch week for London's bid to host the 2012 Games

    BY ANDREW JOHNSON and JONATHAN THOMPSON


    Senior government ministers and British sporting heroes will be on hand to extol the capital's virtues when the 12-member International Olympic Committee (IOC) team visits this week to assess the London 2012 bid.

    Although much of their four-day visit is expected to be spent in the exclusive Four Seasons Hotel in Canary Wharf grilling bid organisers in question and answer sessions, the evaluation commission will spend one day visiting London's proposed venues—and will take a trip on the Tube. It could prove a costly journey.

    London 2012 organisers, who have spent up to £20m on the project, have pencilled in trips to the proposed sites, including the planned stadium at Stratford, the Millennium Dome at Greenwich and the ExCel centre in Docklands.

    However, the commission can insist on being taken anywhere, including the new Wembley stadium, which will host the football, or to the archery venue at Lord's, or even to Wimbledon or Hackney.

    Earlier this month, the Madrid bid suffered a setback over lack of accommodations, which was criticised by IOC members. Will transport prove Londons' Achilles' heel? On Friday The Independent on Sunday sent four reporters on various journeys across London to put the transport infrastructure to the test.

    Questions:

    64. How many people can the London's planned Olympic stadium hold?

    65. How many International Olympic Committee(IOC) members will visit London and where are they going to have the question and answer sessions?

    66. What does “tube” mean in American English?

    67. London 2012 organisers have spent up to £20m on the project. The proposed sites include _________ at Stratford, _________ at Greenwich and _________ in Docklands.

    68. Why was Madrid criticised by International Olympic Committee members?

    69. The Independent on Sunday sent four reporters on four journeys across London. The four journeys are from Canary Wharf to the following destinations: ① , ② , ③ , ④ .

    70. What is the problem which the authors worried about London's bid to host the 2012 Olympic Games?

    Section C True (T) or False (F) (10 points)

    Directions: In this section, there is 1 passage with 10 statements. Read the passage and decide which of the statements at the end of the passage are true and which are false. Remember to write the answers on the Answer Sheet.

    Questions 71 to 80 are based on the following passage.


    Statements:

    71. The Oxford University Press are looking for some enthusiastic and hard-working higher education sales representatives to fill UK field sales positions based in South West, South London & West Midlands.

    72. The Higher Education Sales Representatives are required to manage their territories in a way that maximises sales growth.

    73. As one of the higher education sales representatives, he will get competitive salary plus car and bonus scheme and he will not work at home.

    74. Excellent organizational, presentation, and proven people management skills are essential to be a Sales Support Co-ordinator.

    75. HTML skills are essential to be a Sales Support Co-ordinator currently.

    76. You have to work in Oxford if you are the Sales Support Manager or the Sales Support Co-ordinator.

    77. You can contact with either Sue Smith or Chris Tatton if you are interested in the post of Marketing Systems Executive.

    78. The closing date for all the mentioned posts is 4 October 2004.

    79. You can contact with the Oxford University Press by post or email if you want to apply the posts.

    80. You can get more information about all the posts from oup.com.uk/recruit.

    Part VI Cloze-Test (10 minutes, 10 points)

    Directions: There are 10 blanks in the passage. For each blank, the first letter of the word has been given. Read the passage below and think of the word which best fits each blank. Use only one word in each blank. Remember to write the answer on the Answer Sheet.

    Farmers, as we all know, have been having a hard time of it in Britain, and have been turning to new ways of earning income from their land. This involves not only p 81 new kinds of crops, but some strange ways of making money, the most u 82 of which has got to be sheep racing. Yes, you heard me correctly! A farmer in the West of England now holds sheep races on a regular basis, and d 83 the past year over 100,000 people have turned up to w 84 the proceedings. “I was passing the farm on my way to the sea for a holiday,”one punter told me, “and I thought I'd have a look. I didn't believe it was serious, to tell you the truth.” A 85 to a regular visitor, betting on sheep is more interesting than betting on horses. “At proper horse races everyone has already studied the form of the horses in advance, and there are clear f 86 . But nobody has heard anything about these sheep! Most people find it d 87 to tell one from another in any case. ”I stayed to watch the races, and I must admit that I found it quite exciting. In a typical race, half a dozen sheep race downhill o 88 a course of about half a mile. Food is waiting for them at the other end of the track, I ought to add! The sheep run s 89 fast, although presumably they haven't eaten for a while just to give them some m 90 . At any rate, the crowd around me were obviously enjoying their day out at the races, judging by their happy faces and the sense of excitement.

    Part VII Translation (15 minutes, 20 points)

    Section A English-Chinese Translation (10 points)

    Directions: Translate the underlined sentences of the following passage into Chinese. Remember to write the answers on the Answer Sheet.

    The symbolic importance of the burger cannot be underestimated. (91) Under its beefburger guise, it was the first of the new range of “convenience” foods which were about to make the world a better place and begin the liberation of women from the drudgery of home-cooking and housework. The older generation did not approve, which made it all the better. In the Sixties the hamburger was a symbol of the techno age — perfectly circular and streamlined. It was as uniform and relentlessly predictable as only the latest technology could make it.

    (92) True, there were those who rebelled against it, but to most the hamburger was a reflection of the national love affair with Americana(美国文化). It was a phenomenon which was made fresh in Seventies London with the trendy burgers of the Great American Disaster and the Hard Rock Café, and in many other cities round the world.

    In the Eighties another subtle shift occurred. People became aware that America was no longer another place but a culture which had spread throughout the world. And the hamburger became globalized, too, in the form of McDonald’s. With its US home market, like the fat in its burgers, heavily saturated, McDonald’s looked abroad. (93) By the end of the Eighties it had grown to such a size that every day 28 million global citizens ate there and the Big Mac became omnipresent.

    (94) McDonald’s stormed the world, but its successes also drew upon it in the Nineties the criticisms which were levelled at that era. (95) Food experts began to see the world’s changing culinary (烹调的) tastes as a symbol of what is wrong with the new consumerism. “The hamburger is a metaphor for our times — cheap, convenient and an indication that we have given up any real interest in what we eat,” said the leading food writer Frances Bissell, lamenting the trends of our increasingly obese society towards snacking on the hoof or before the TV instead of eating proper meals.

    Then along came “Mad Cow Disease” and even though the average person was told they had more chance of winning the National Lottery than contracting “Mad Person Disease”, with it came the dreadful realization that the cheap, convenient, easy way out might, in the end, turn out to be none of these things.

    Section B Chinese-English Translation (10 points)

    Directions: Translate the following sentences into English. Remember to write the answers on the Answer Sheet.

    96. 文化是一切。文化是我们着装的方式,是我们走路的方式,是我们系领带的方式。

    97. 健康专家警告,近年来由于过量饮食而引起的疾病的发生率在不断攀升,特别是在节假日期间,人们往往吃喝很多,却很少锻炼。

    98. 时间是个多才多艺的表演者。它能展翅飞翔,能阔步前进,也能治愈创伤。

    99. 如果你有天赋,勤勉会使其更加完善;如果你能力平平,勤勉会补足缺陷。

    100. 电影《音乐之声》上映40年后,新编舞台剧《音乐之声》将首次在奥地利首都上演。

    Part VIII Writing (30 minutes, 30 points)

    Task I (10 points)

    Directions: Here is an advertisement about the University of Warwick. Suppose you are going to apply one of the MA programmes. You should write a letter to the secretary to inquire something about the MA programme, tuition fee and accommodation. Your letter should be about 120 words. Now write the letter on the Answer Sheet.


    Task II (20 points)

    Directions: You should write a composition on the topic Distance Learning Programme—the Best Way? You should write about 150 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below. Now write the composition on the Answer Sheet.

    ●远程教学使学习语言更快捷、更方便;

    ●课堂学习、出国深造相对更实际些;

    ●你的观点。
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