初一版:使用交通工具要讲“规则”
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Summary:1.by 后跟光棍名词,即名词不加任何修饰。如:by bike/bus/car/train/ship/boat/plane。   如:She is going to the Great Wall (长城) by car/ bus.   2. by ship 可用by sea表示;by plane 可以用by air 表示。如:   a. How long does it t.

  • 1.by 后跟"光棍"名词,即名词不加任何修饰。如:by bike/bus/car/train/ship/boat/plane。
      如:She is going to the Great Wall (长城) by car/ bus.
      2. by ship 可用by sea表示;by plane 可以用by air 表示。如:
      a. How long does it take by ship/sea?
      b. They often come back by plane/air.
      in/on条款:步行、骑车、乘车、乘船、乘飞机可以使用介词 in/on。
      1.步行只可用on foot。(注意:步行不用by foot)
      如:Sometimes I go to school on foot.
      2. 骑自行车须用介词 on :on a/ one's bike。
      3. 乘车、乘船、乘飞机可用in也可用on: in/ on a bus/train/ship/boat/plane。
      4. 乘坐小汽车应使用 in a car,不用 on a car。
      条款说明(一)
      1. "by +名词"短语,多可以用in/on 短语替换来表示"骑、乘"之意。如:
      a. His father goes to work by bike.
      →His father goes to work on a bike.
      b. They go to the railway station (火车站) by car.
      →They go to the railway station in a car.
      2. by sea,by air 是一种比较随便的口语结构,故不宜用in 短语和on短语进行改写。即:
      by sea 不可用in/on the sea 替换;by air不可用 in/on the air 替换。
      二、动词规则
      以上出行活动皆可以选择性地用动词walk, ride, take, drive 来表示。
      1. 步行用walk (to)。如:She walks home every day.
      2. 骑车用ride a bike。如:Can you ride a bike to go there?
      3. 乘车用 take a bus/train。如:I will take a bus/train to go to Beijing.
      4. 乘飞机用 fly (to ) 或 take a plane。如:We are flying to England next week.
      5. 乘(驾)小汽车用 drive a car。如:They will drive a car to go to the USA.
      条款说明(二)
      动词规则不能与介词规则相结合使用,尤其是动词walk, fly 。如:
      She walks home on foot every day. (×)
      a. She goes home on foot every day. (√)
      b. She walks home every day. (√)
      He will soon fly to London by plane/air. (×)
      a. He will soon fly to London. (√)
      b. He will soon go to London by plane/air. (√)
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