九年级英语Unit5-6精讲
    Category: 初三英语  Clicks: 2034  Top: 10  Update Date: 2008/09/14
Summary:如:The future belongs to the young people. 未来属于年轻人。 难点:belong 还可以表示“适合;适于某处”,常用在短语“belong in”中。 如:A boy of you're your age belongs in playing soccer. 你这个年龄的男孩子适合踢足球。 2. If you have any ide.

  • 如:The future belongs to the young people. 未来属于年轻人。
    难点:belong 还可以表示“适合;适于某处”,常用在短语“belong in”中。
    如:A boy of you're your age belongs in playing soccer.
    你这个年龄的男孩子适合踢足球。
    2. If you have any idea where it might be, please call me.如果你知道它在那儿,请打电话告诉我。
    疑点:If you have any idea...=If you know... 意为“如果你知道……”。
    any用于if引导的条件从句中,有“若干的,有多少”的意思。any也可用于肯定句,表示“任何一个、无论哪一个”,此时要和单数名词一起连用,表示三者或三者以上的其中任一个。
    如:If you have any time I'd like to talk with you.如果你有(些许)时间,我希望与你谈谈。
    难点:I don't know= I've no idea= I'm not sure not…any是完全否定;若表示部分否定,可用not some或not every是比较:
    I don't know any of the people.这些人我一个也不认识。
    I don't know some of the people.这些人中我有几个不认识。
    3. I prefer music that has great lyrics. 我比较喜欢歌词好的歌曲。
    疑点:prefer v.更喜爱,更喜欢.相当于likeverymuch.
    难点:(1)prefer + n. (名词),
    如:I prefer groups that play quiet and gentle songs.我更喜欢演唱轻柔音乐的组合。
    (2)prefer to do sth rather than do sth宁愿做某事而不做某事
    如:I preferred to stay behind rather than go with you.我宁愿留下来不愿和你们去。
    (3)prefer sth to sth 比…更喜欢…,(此句型中的to是介词,后接名词、代词或动名词)相当于likeAbetterthanB.意为“喜欢A,不喜欢B;宁愿A,不愿B”使用这个句型,最重要的原则就是“前后一致”,也就是说,prefer和to后面的部分,不论词性、形式都要相同。
    如:I prefer fish to meat.我喜欢鱼,而不喜欢肉。(prefer名词to名词)
    I prefer reading to playing.我宁愿读书,不愿玩耍。(prefer动名词to动名词)
    4. Be sure to see this exhibition at the Lido Gallery. 一定要去里多美术观看展览。
    疑点:be sure to do sth. 肯定要做某事、一定要做某事
    如:He is sure to fail in the exam,because he hasn't study hard these days.这次考试他肯定不及格,因为他最近就没好好学习。
    难点:be sure 还可以与of/about 组成词组,表示“相信某事”,be sure 后还可以加that 从句,表示“坚信某事要发生”。
    如:He is sure of his success.他坚信自己能成功。
    He is sure that he will succeed. 他坚信自己会成功的。
    5.They make me feel sick.他们使我感到不舒服。
    疑点:make sb. do sth.让…做某事。make是使役动词,在主动语态当中其后跟不带to的动词不定式,但在被动语态中必须跟带to的动词不定式。
    如:His mother made him practice speaking English everyday.他妈妈让他每天都练习说英语。 He was made to practice speaking English everyday.
    难点:英语中有许多相同用法的词,须巧妙记忆。如:一感(feel)、二听(hear,listen to)、三让(let、make、have)、四看(see、look、watch、notice)、半帮助(help,后面可加to亦可不加to)。
    二、重点讲解
    1. no more与no longer的区别
    二者都表示“不再”,“再没有”的含义,但no more要用在谈数量或程度时,no longer用在说时间长短时。
    如:There is no more bread. 没有面包了。(指数量)
    He's no more genius than I am. 他和我都不是天才。(指程度)
    He no longer lives here.他不住在这里了。(指时间)
    2. I think I dropped it during the concert so it might still be in the symphony hall.
    during是介词,意为“在……期间”,其后跟时间段。在引导时间状语时注意区分和for的用法。
    介词for引导时间状语时,很易和during混淆不清。它们的区别如下:
    (1)during用在已知的时期、节日或表示时间观念的名词之前。其后通常接the、this、that、these、those、my、your、his……等词。
    如:Duringthelastfourdays, duringmyholiday等,而for则用以表示“有限的”或“无限的”时间概念,通常其后接冠词、数词,复数名词或副词ever。
    如:forthefirsttime,formanyyears
    (2)during的涵义是“当……之际”。它既可指某个动作在某个时期里连续不断地进行,也可以指某个动作在这段时期里的某个时间发生。
    如:It snowed all daybutstoppedsnowingduringthatnight.下了一整天雪,到晚上才停了。
    而for的涵义是指某个动作在某个时期里处于连续不断的状态。
    如:They worked for the whole day.他们干了一整天。
    在某些场合下,for含有“预先安排”或“为了某一目的”之涵义。表示此意味时,大都和come、go、stay、lend、rent、hire等词连用。
    如:They will stay with us for the New Year. 他们将和我们在一起,共度新年。
    3. I like music that I can sing along with.我喜欢可以跟着唱歌的音乐。
    sing along with the music 和着音乐一起唱,类似的还有:dance to the music 伴随着音乐跳舞
    4. He's made some great movies over the years.这些年来,他已经拍摄了多部精彩的影片。
    区分produce和make
    二者用作动词作“制造”、“生产”讲时,可互换使用。
    如:The factory makes / produces colour TV sets.这个工厂生产彩电。
    make为普通用语,意思为“做”、“建造”、“生产”,主语多为人,有时也可能是生产物品的某个地点。
    如: She make a cake for us. 她给我们做了一个蛋糕。(主语是人)
    The shop makes shoes. 这家店铺生产鞋子。 (主语是某个地点)
    produce为正式用语,意为“生产”、“产生”、“制造”,其主语可以是人,也可以是物或某个地点。
    如:They produce over 250 cars a week. 他们每周生产250辆汽车。(主语是人)
    Canada produces high-quality wheat. 加拿大生产高品质的小麦。(主语是某个地点)
    三、语法展示
    (一)情态动词表推测
    在英语中,表示对某件事物的确定程度,即表示推测的时候,我们通常会用到以下情态动词,must, might, could, may, can't, couldn't.
    用法:
    对现在事实的猜测:must/may/might+be (对现在情况的推测),
    must / may / might +be doing(对说话瞬间情况的推测)
    对过去事实的猜测:
    must/may/might+have been (对过去情况的推测)
    must/may/might +have done(对过去某时情况的推测)
    1)must表示我们对某事很有把握,从逻辑上看是必然的,它只能用于肯定的陈述句中。在疑问句和否定句中,通常用can和can't。
    如:John said the professor must be at least seventy,but Peter thought he couldn't be as old as that.约翰说那位教授至少有70岁,但彼得认为他不可能有那样老。
    2)may和might表示推测,may比might语气弱,might比may语气更弱,表示说话人对现在或将来不太确定的可能性的推测。如:
    ①He looks pale. He may be ill.他脸色苍白,可能病了。
    ②Tom might come here at nine, but I am not sure.
    3)can可用于否定和疑问句,can not表示“不可能”。
    ①can't be+表语表示对现在情况的推测
    如:He can't be her father; he is too young. 他不可能是她的父亲,他太年轻了。
    ②can't have +过去分词表示对过去情况的推测。
    如:He can't have got the Chinese book.
    4)could的用法:could可以代替can,表示现在时间的动作,但语气较为婉转客气或更加不肯定。
    如:He couldn't come today, maybe it is so.
    注意:当表示推测的情态动词用于反意疑问句时,反意疑问句部分的动词应以情态动词后面的动词为判断依据。
    如:His mother must be ill,isn't she?
    (二)定语从句
    在复合句中,修饰一个名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句;被定语从句所修饰的词叫先行词;定语从句必须放在先行词之后;引导定语从句的词叫关系代词或关系副词。
    引导定语从句的关系代词有that,which,who,whom和whose。若先行词是人且在从句中作主语时,关系词选用who或that; 作宾语时可选用whom或that,且常可省略。若先行词为物且在从句中作主语或宾语时,关系词则用which或that;作宾语时可省略。whose既可指人又可指物,在从句中作定语。 如:1. The boy who/that told me the news has left.
    2. A clock is a machine that / which tells us the time.
    3. The man (who/whom/that)you talked about just now is my friend.
    4. The students whose home are far away live in the school.
    由此可见,定语从句关系词的选择并不难,关键是弄清先行词是人还是物,在从句中作什么成分以及句式结构等。
    定语从句引导词的区别:
    (一)先行词为物时,which与that的区别。
    在下列情况下,通常只用that。
    1.当先行词为none, one,few, little, all, many, much, every, something, everything, anything, nothing时;
    例如:Is there anything else that you require?
    2.当先行词被some,every,little,few,many,much,all,any, no, none等词修饰时。
    如:There is little water that you can drink.
    3.当先行词被the same,the last,the only,the right,the very等词修饰时。
    如:This is the very film that we enjoy.
    4.当先行词被序数词或形容词最高级修饰时。
    如:This is the best novel that I have read.
    5.当先行词既有人又有物时。
    如:He talked happily of the men and the book that interested us.
    6.当主句是which引导的特殊疑问句时。如:
    Which of the books that are on the desk moved him?
    在下列情况下只用which。
    1.当关系代词前使用介词时。如:That was the train by which they went to Jinan.
    2.当先行词本身是that时。
    如:The predicate(谓语) is that which is said of subject (主语)。
    3.在非限制性定语从句中。例如:Football,which is a very interesting game,is played all over the world.
    4.当指物的关系代词被指人的短语隔离时。如:The cat beside the girl which is lovely was bought yesterday.
    (二)先行词为人时,who与that的区别。
    1.当先行词在从句中作表语或主句是以who引导的特殊疑问句时,关系词用that。
    如:He isn't the man that he used to be.
    Who is the man that is standing there?
    2.若先行词为he,she,those, anyone等表示一类人的词时,关系词一般用who。例如:He who invited me to the party is my brother.
    Anyone who wants to see the film please let me know.
    四、同步练习
    单项选择:
    1. I like music that I can dance______.
    A.with B.to C. along D. on
    2. Though it was late,___ he went on with his work.
    A. but B. and C. so D.\
    3.There are many tall buildings on sides of the street.
    A. each B. every C. both D. either
    4. I singing to dancing.
    A. like B. enjoy C. love D. prefer
    5. He has a friend who the piano very well.
    A. play B. Playing C. plays D. played
    6.——The light is still on. Mrs Li be in the office.
    ——She be there because I saw her go home just now.
    A. must, may B. may, mustn't
    C. must, can't D. can, may not
    7.He must be in his room now,_____?
    A.mustn't he B. must he C. isn't he D. is he
    8. If you have ____ question,please ask your teacher at once.
    A. some B. something C. any D. anything
    9. It's less of a problem to be poor than _____________.
    A. be dishonest B. being dishonest
    C. to be dishonest D. to be honest
    10.He is sure this Sunday.
    A. to come B. coming C. came D. will come
    写作训练:
    针对初三这一年的学习生活,结合自己的理想,谈谈在饮食、健康、学习等方面自己的打算,并给家长或老师写一封信,谈谈自己应该被允许和不被允许做的事情,并阐明理由。
    答案:1-5BDCDC
    6-10CCCCA
    写作:One possible version
    Dear Mr. Wang,
    It seems that I'm very busy this year because we are going to take the entrance exam to high schools. I think I should be allowed to eat snacks during the break because I always get hungry near noon. I should be allowed to eat junk food everyday,because it's delicious and I really like it. I should be allowed to play soccer after school. It's good for my health too. I want to be a computer programmer when I grow up. So I should be allowed to join a computer club on weekends. Besides,I think I am old enough to get a driver's license. I want to drive my car to school every day.
    Yours ever
    Li hua
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