重点中学2008届高三第一次联考英语试卷
    Category: 高三英语  Clicks: 2421  Top: 10  Update Date: 2008/09/14
Summary:2.答题前,考生务必将密封线内的项目填写清楚。 3.请将第I卷答案填在第Ⅱ卷前的答题卡上,第Ⅱ卷用蓝黑钢笔或圆珠笔按 要求写在试卷上。 . 4.本试卷根据2007年高考英语考试大纲确定的考查内容命制。第I卷(三部分,共11 5分) 第二部分 英语知识运用第一节 单项填空 (共15小题, 满分15分)从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。21..

  • 2.答题前,考生务必将密封线内的项目填写清楚。 3.请将第I卷答案填在第Ⅱ卷前的答题卡上,第Ⅱ卷用蓝黑钢笔或圆珠笔按 要求写在试卷上。 . 4.本试卷根据2007年高考英语考试大纲确定的考查内容命制。第I卷(三部分,共11 5分) 第二部分 英语知识运用第一节 单项填空 (共15小题, 满分15分)从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。21. Hong Kong has a lot of advantages? including free flow of ____information, a fair competitive environment and ______efficient local government. A. the, an B不填; the C.不填:;a.n D. the; the22. Christmas is a holiday usually celebrated on December 25th ____ the birth of Jesus Christ. A. in charge of B. in terms of C. in favor of .D. in honor of23. Six billion people already live on our planet, and the number is growing _____ 220,000 every day. A. with B. in C.from D. by24. These problems,____»will seriously affect the growth of teenagers and even the nation's future. A. not if solved properly B. if solved properly C. not if properly solved D. if not solved properly25. Though he was always finding excuses of one sort or _____ for his being absent from work, none of us would believe him. A. the other B. others C. another .D. some other26. What the science teacher does and says ____ of great importance to college students. A. was B. are C. is D. were27. The law requires governments to increase investment in public transport,_____ services and encourage people to use public transport.A. improve B. to improve C. improving D. have improved28. Astronomers ____ more bad news for the former planet Pluto recently. A. had announced ' B. have announced C. were announced . D. are announced29. There will be 21,880 persons for the torch relay of the 2008 Olympic Games,____it the biggest in the Games' history. A. making B. make C. to make D. made30. This study shows that ____ languages may differ, the order in which young kids learn the parts of speech appears to be the sane across different languages. A. since B. so C. while D. but31. It was exciting news___ a student from China won a UN prize days ago.A- what B. that C. while D. but32.1____admit I was surprised it cost so little. A. can B. need C. must D. might33. Asia is important to America because America' s prosperity _____ trade with Asia's growing economies. . A. depends on B. takes off C. sets up D. breaks out34. People should avoid staying overnight in the open air in places _____ mosquitoes gather and take protective measures. A. whose B. which C. when D. where35.—I hope you’ll have a good time.A. Good idea B. Thank you C. You are quite right D. No trouble at all
    第二节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)“ 南读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从36~55各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出能填入相应空白处的最佳选项。 ’Most worthwhile careers require some kind of specialized training.Therefore, the 3 6 of a job should be made even before the choice of a curriculum (课程)in high schoo1.Actually, 3 7 , most people make several job choices during their working lives, 38 because of economic and industrial changes and partly to improve 39 position.The“one perfect Job”does not exist. Young people should 40 enter into a broad flexible(灵活的)training program that Will 4 1 them for a field of work rather than for a single 42_. Unfortunately many young people have to make career plans _43 benefit of help from a 44 vocational counselor(顾问)or psychologist Knowing 45 about the professional world,or themselves for that matter,they 46 their1ifework aimlessly.Some move from job to job.Others 47 to work in which they are unhappy and for which they are not 48 One common mistake is choosing an occupation for its real or imagined prestige (声望) Too many high—school students—or their parents for them— choose the professional field, not 49 the relatively small proportion of workers in the professions or the extremely high educational and personal 50 . The imagined or real prestige of a profession or a "White-collar" job is 51 good reason for choosing it as life's work. 52 , these occupations are not always well paid. 53 a large proportion of jobs are in mechanical and manual work, the 54_ of young people should give serious __ 55_ to these fields. 36.A.procedure B.fate C.college D. choice37.A.however B. naturally C.though D. especially38.A.entirely B.mainly C.partly D. totally39.A.its B.his C.our D. their40.A.since B.therefore C.furthermore D. forever41.A.make B.prepare C.take D. leave42.A.job B.way C.means D. company43.A.to B.for C.without D. with44.A.competitive B.good C.strict D. terrible45.A.1ittle B.few C.much D. a lot46.A.quit B.choose C.d ream D. stop47.A.apply B.appeal C.stick D. turn 48.A.pleased B.fit C.interested D. fond49.A.spending B.following C.considering D. making50.A.preferences B.requirements C.tendencies D.ambitions51.A.a B.any C.no D. the.52.A.Anyway B.However C.Nevertheless D.Besides.53.A.For B.Since C.Though D.As if54.A.majority B.many C.minority D. much55.A.proposal B.suggestion C.consideration D. hesitation
    第三部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。A People can enjoy visiting some major imperial temples where emperors worshipped nature on various sacred days• Temple of Moon(Yuetan)- Built in 1530,the roughly 8 hectare Temple of Moon,or Yuetan Park,to west of the imperial city was the site of imperial sacrifices to the moon.In the past decades, bushes and fruit trees have been planted here.In 1969,a 180 meter--all television broadcasting tower was erected in the park,taking up about one eighth of its total space• Opening hours:6 am~9 pm Location:6 Yuetan Beijie,Xicheng District.Buses to get there:15,19,823. Temple of Earth (Ditan) The Temple of Earth,or Ditan Park,near the North Second Ring Road,is where emperors prayed to the earth for favorable weather and national prosperity.Built during the Ming Dynasty in 1 530,it is the only existing place to worship the earth. The surrounding areas have become an open space for people to engage in leisurely activities.Since the late 1980s,traditional temple fair have been held here regularly during the Chinese lunar new year. Opening hours:6 am~9 pm Location:A2 Di’anmenwai,Chaoyang District.Buses to get there: 104,108,116,or take the subway to get off at Yonghegong to go north. Temple of Sun (Ritan) The Temple of Sun,or Ritan Park,in eastern Beijing,is located near theJianguomen area and adjacent(邻近的)embassy district.It is a short walk fromthe Yong'anli subway station on the Line 1.The altar(祭坛)was built in l--…-30as a place for emperors to make ritual sacrifices to the sun. It features expansive gardens and a small lake.A mural (壁画)wall.The park’s main scenic attraction now,was a piece of artwork created about 20 years ago to draw more sightseer.The park is also known for its blossoming lotuses. Opening hours:6 am~9 pm Location:6 Ritan Beilu,Chaoyang District.Buses to get there:1,4,28,43,57.120.56.What kind of people is the text mainly written for? A.Parents. B.Students. C.Tourists. D.Teachers-57.You can take a No.______ bus if you want to visit The Temple of Sun A.19 B. 104 C.108 D.12058.If you want to worship the earth,you must go to _____. A.Yuetan Park B.Ditan Park C.Ritan Park D.Beilu Park59.The purpose of building a mural wall in Ritan Park was to . A.defend the park B.prevent people from coming into.the park C.attract more sightseers D.make ritual sacrifices to the sun
    B Climate change,pollution,overuse of water and development are killing some of the world’s most famous rivers including China’s Yangtze.India’s Ganges and Africa’s Nile.WWF said on Tuesday.At the global launch of its report “World’s Top 10 Rivers at Risk”,the group said many rivers could dry out. affecting hundreds of millions of people and killing unique aquatic(水生的)life. “If these rivers die,millions will lose their livelihoods,biodiversity(生物多样性)will be destroyed on a massive scale,there will be less fresh water and agriculture,resulting in less food security,”said.Rayi Singh,secretary—generalof WWF—India.The report。launched ahead of“World Water Day”today,alsocited the Rio Grande in.the United States,the Mekong and Indus in Asia,Europe’s Danube, La Plata in South America and Australia’s Murray—Darling as in need of greater protection. Rivers are the world’s main source of fresh water and WWF says about half of the available supply is already being used up.Dams have destroyed habitats and cut rivers off from their flood plains.while climate change could affect the seasonal water flows that feed them,the report said.Fish populations,the top source of protein and overall life support for hundreds of thousands of communities worldwide,are also being threatened, it found..The Yangtze basin is one of the most polluted rivers in the world because of decades of heavy industrialization,damming and huge influxes(流入)of seaiment(积淀)from land conversion. Climate change,including higher temperatures,also means serious consequences for fishery productivity,water supply and political security in Africa’s arid Nile basin.Tributaries(支流)flowing into the Ganges are drying up because of irrigation,WWF said.60.What does the text mainly about? A.Saving fresh water in our life.B.How to protect our rivers. C.An important discovery.D.World’s top 10 rivers are at risk.61.We can infer from the text that _____. A.rivers’dying out could affect food security B.there are four Asian rivers mentioned in the passage C.the Yangtze is polluted thanks to the lack of enough tributaries D.higher temperatures couldn’t affect fishery productivity62.The top 10 rivers are fast dying as a result of the following EXCEPT _____. A. climate change B.wasting water C.pollution D.dams 63.WWF is probably a name of _____. A.an organization B.a newspaper C.a magazine D.a report
    C In older people with mild cognitive(认知)impairment(损害),having a drink now and then——up to an average of one drink of alcohol each day——may delay progression to dementia(痴呆症),.new research suggests. “While many studies have assessed(评价)alcohol consumption and cognitivefunction in the elderly,this is the first study to look at how alcohol consumptionaffects the rate of progression of mild cognitive impairment to dementia,”study authors Dr.Solfrizzi and Dr.Panza,from the University of Bari in Italy,said in a statement.In the study,reported in the medical journal Neurology,the researchers assessed the occurrence of mild cognitive impairment in 1,445 subjects and progression to dementia in 121 patients with mild cognitive impairment'. The participants were between 65 and 84 years of age at the start of study,and they were followed for 3.5 years.Alcohol use was assessed before the survey. Drinking was not associated with the development of mild cognitive impairment,according to the report.However,once mild impairment occurred.Subjects who had one drink per day of alcohol had an 85 percent reduced risk of dementia compared with those who didn’t drink. The benefit was seen with both alcohol in general and with wine in particular. Having more than one drink a day,however,offered no protection against dementia compared with abstaining(戒绝),the report indicates. 64.“Neurology” in Paragraph 3 is most probably a name of _____. A. a newspaper B.a magazine C.an article D.a play65.It can be inferred that______.A. experts have studied how alcohol consumption affects mild cognitive impairment for the first time ‘B.the Participants didn’t have alcohol before the surveyC.drinking shouldn’t be responsible for the development of mild cognitive impairment D.having more than a drink a day causes more benefit 66.______ was most likely to cause the people with mild cognitive impairment toreduce risk of dementia. A.Soft drink B.Beer C.Wine D.Milk67.What is the text mainly about? A.A drink a day may do harm to the brain• B.A lot of d rink a day may slow mental decline to dementia. C.A lot of drink a day may do harm to the brain. D.A drink a day may slow mental decline to dementia.
    D The round-the-clock(24小时不断的)availability that cell phone have brought to people’s lives may be taking a toll on family life,a new study suggests.The study,which followed more than 1,300 adults over 2 years, found that those who consistently used a mobile phone throughout the study period were more likely to report negative “spillover’’ between work and home life—and,in turn, less satisfaction with their family life. Spillover essentially(本质上)means that the line between work and home begins to become unclear.Work life may invade home life when a.parent is taking job—related calIs at home,for instance--or family issues may start to take up work time.For example,a child may call mom at work,telling her "microwave exploded” explained Noelle Chesley,an assistant professor of sociology at the University of Wisconsin—Milwaukee and the author of the study. The problem with cell phones seems to be that they are allowing for ever more spillover between work and home. ‘ This may be especially true for working women,the study found. Among men,consistent use of mobile phones seemed to allow more work issues to creep (潜入)into family time.But for women,the spillover tended to go in both directions being “connected” meant that work cut into home time,and family issues came:into work life. Cell phones seem to be opening more lines for stressful exchanges among familymembers.But there may be ways to control the spillover,according to Chesley.Empoyers, she said,could look at their policies on contacting employees after hours to make sure their expectations are “reasonable”.For their part,employees could decide that cell phones go off during family time, Chesley said. 68.What does the underlined phrase “taking a toll on’’probably mean in Paragraph 1? A. Explaining. B. Protecting. C. Extending D. Damaging.69.What is the purpose of offering the example “microwave exploded” in Paragraph 2? A.To show the microwave is of poor quality. B.To indicate how dependent the child is. C.To indicate family issues affect work hours. D.To show work time creeps into family life70.As a result of negative“spillover”,people will feel _____. A.1ess satisfied with their family life. B.1ess satisfied with their work.C.angry with their troublesome children• D.unwilling to get married at an early age.71.According to Chesley,what is the best solution to the problem caused by cell phones? A.Refuse to use cell phones. B。Separate work hours from family time. C.Ignore coming calls during family time. D.Encourage women to stay at home.72.We can learn from the passage that A.spillover makes the line between work and home unclear B.cell phones seem to be convenient to families C.cell phones affect men as much as women D.we can do nothing to solve the problem

    第二节 简答题(共3小题;每小题2分,满分6分) 阅读下面短文,根据第73至第75小题的具体要求,简要回答问题。 When parents use sarcasm(讽刺)to make jokes with their young children,do the kids comprehend the humor? Not likely,according to a Canadian researcher who has completed a study showing that children need:to be 10 or older before fully getting the idea that Sarcasm can be funny or even rude.“The results offer good advice for everything from the content of children’s television programming to understanding rude behaviors,” University of Calgary psychologist Penny Pexman said.“Our study suggests that the 5-year--olds are beginning to understand the simplest form of sarcasm and are getting better at it,but still by the age of eight they really don’t find it funny.So there is disconnection there,” said Pexman,who has been studying sarcasm for the past six years.“They can see that the person means the opposite of what they are saying,butthey don’t find it humorous.” In addition,children under the age of 10 almost always took a sarcastic remark as a serious one,even when it was intended to be humorous.It is still not completely clear what determines how children understand sarcasm,but Pexman said factors could include the amount used at home,their social environment and the types of television shows they watch. In fact,adults write kids’ television programs but much of the humor may be lost on the intended audience,she said.73.Find in the passage a word closest in meaning to the underlined word “comprehend”.
    74.According to the study, who can fully get the idea of sarcasm?(回答词数不超过8个)
    75.What is the main idea of the passage? (回答词数不超过8个)
    第Ⅱ卷(共35分)第四部分:书面表达(共两节,满分35分)第一节 填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)阅读短文,根据所读内容在表中的空格处填上适当的单词或短语,每空不超过3个单词。 The World Bank,the United Nations and the London School Of Hygiene and Tropica1 Medicine did a study to urge hand—washing around the world. They found that one million lives could be saved each year if people washed their hands with soap often. They said that programs to increase hand—washing with soap could be among the most effective ways to reduce infectious disease. Doctors say,many diseases can be prevented from spreading by hand—washing. These include pinworms(寄生虫),influenza(流行性感冒),the common cold,hepatitis(肝炎)A,meningitis(脑膜炎)and infectious diarrhea.(腹泻) Hand--washing destroys germs from other people,animals or objects a person has touched. When people get bacteria on their hands,they can infect themselves by touching their eyes,nose or mouth.Then these people can infect other people. The experts say the easiest way to catch a cold is to touch your nose or eyes after someone nearby has sneezed or coughed.Another way to become sick is to eat food prepared by someone whose hands were not clean.The experts say that hand--washing is especially important before and after preparing food,before eating and after using the toilet.People should wash their hands after handling animals or animal waste,and after cleaning a baby.The experts say it is also a good idea to wash your hands after handling money and after sneezing or coughing.And it is important to wash your hands often when someone in your home is sick.The experts say the most effective way to wash your hands is to rub them together while using soap and warm water.They say you do not have to use special antibacterial soap.Be sure to rub all areas of the hands for about ten to fifteen seconds.The rubbing action helps remove germs. Then rinse(冲洗)the hands with water and dry them.
    Title: 76____






    Theme

    Hand—washing could be among the most effective ways to reduce infectious diseases.


    77_ ____can be prevented

    Pinworms, influenza, the common cold»hepatitis A, meningitis and infectious diarrhea.


    78_____ to do
    handwashing



    1. Before and after 79_____________ 2. Before eating and after 80_________ 3. After handling animals or animal waste; 4. After cleaning a baby; 5. After handling money and after 81______ ; 6. when someone in your home is sick.


    82_____. to do handwashing

    Rubbing them together while 83_____ and warm water, rubbing all areas of the hands for 84______ seconds and rinsing the hands with water and dry them.


    How hand — washing works

    Hand—washing destroys germs from other people, 85________ a person has touched.
    76. ___________________ 77. ___________________ 78. ___________________ 79. ___________________ 780. ___________________ 81. ___________________ 82. ___________________ 83. ___________________
    第二节 写作(满分25分) 下图描述的是小华在父亲给她买了新自行车后非常兴奋,她骑得非常快。请你根据四幅图中所给的信息,展开合理的想象,写一篇英语短文。注意:1.词数120左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
    2008届高三一联•英语卷参考答案
    1~5 ABBAC 6~10 BAABA 1l~15 CCBAC 16~17 CB 18.headaches 19.getting lonely 20.some new friends 21~25 CDDDC 26~30 CABAC 31~35 BCADB 36.D考查名词。上文讲到,大多数理想的职业都需要某种专门的培训,所以应该是先选择职业,然后再选择高中的学习课程。 . 37.A考查副词.前面讲到是一种职业的选择,后面说到现在一生中选择几种工作.可见与前面是转折关系,选项A符合题意. 38.C考查副词。后文的partly是提示词语。 39.D考查代词。这里their指的是那些多次做出工作选择的人. 40.B考查连词.既然一个完美的工作并不存在,所以年轻人就必须接受广泛而灵活的训练. 4l_B考查动词。prepare sb for sth使……为……作准备. 42.A考查名词。 43.C考查介词。通过上下文可判断所填的单词应是否定意义的,选项C符合题意。即他们的职业规划没有得到帮助. 44.B考查形容词.此处所填的词修饰vocational eounsdor or psychologist,对于寻求帮助的年轻人来说,“好的”专家才是重要的. 4s.A考查副词。。因为对职场和他们自身了解甚少,所以他们在选择自己的毕生事业时非常随意. 46.B考查动词. . 47.C考查动词.stick tO意为“坚持”,这里指一直从事相同的工作. 48.B考查形容词.be fit for…。胜任……”. 49.C考查动词。此句前面说许多高中生或者他们的家长通常选择专业领域,后面说这类职业从业人员相对较少或者对教育水平或者个人“要求”很高,说明他们的选择是盲目的.没有“考虑”客观情况. 50.B考查名词。requirements意为。要求”,这里指对教育和自身素质的要求. 51.C考查语义衔接.本段第一句讲到,在选择职业的时候。一种比较常见的错误就是根据真实或者假想的声望来选择,由此可知作者认为声望决不是选择一生的工作的好的理由. 52.D考查副词。用besides表示递进关系。 ,. 53.B考查连词。since表因果关系。因为大部分的工作都集中在机械和手工行业,所以大多散年轻人应该仔细考虑一下这些领域.54.A考查名词。这里作者提醒年轻人要认真考虑这类工作,当然提醒的是大多数人.55.C考查名词。give consideration tO sth意为。考虑某事”。56.c推断题.全文是写给旅游者看的广告。57.D细节题。由Temple of Sun(Ritan)中的“Buses tO get there:l,4,28。43,57,120”可知。58.B细节题。由Temple of Earth(Ditan)中的。…it is the only existing place to worship the earth.”可知。59.C细节题。由Temple of Sun(Ritan)中的“A mural wall.the park’S main scenic attraction now was a piece of artwork created about 20 years ago to draw more sightseers.”可知.60,D主旨大意题。全文主要讲“世界十大河流处于危险之中”。61.A推断题。由第三段可知.62.B细节题. 。63.A推断题。WWF是世界野生动物保护基金组织的缩写。从文中内容也可以看出;WWF应是一个组织的名称。64.B推断题.此项研究结果在‘神经学'医学期刊上发表。65.C推断题。由第五段首句可知. ’66.C细节题.由文章第六段可知:酒精饮品都可以使有轻度认知损害的病人向痴呆症发展的几率降低,其中葡萄酒的功效最强.67.D推断题.本文是围绕。少量饮酒可以预防老年痴呆症”来描写的。 ’68.D词义推测题.下文讲到手机使人们的工作时问和生活时间之间的界限变得模糊,手机在带给人们便利的同时,也让人们的家庭生活受到破坏,故选D项。69.C推断题。Wisconsin-Milwaukee大学的社会学副教授Noelle Chesley举此例的目的是说明母亲在工作时间被孩子的电话所打扰。孩子说“家里的微波炉炸了”。显然,是指家庭事务影响了工作。70.A细节题。根据第一段最后一句可得知答案。71.B推断题。从文章最后一段可推出答案。72.A细节题。由第二段首句可知。73.Understand.74.Children aged ten or older.75.Adults should be careful tO use sarcasm.76.Hand—washing 77.Many diseases 78.When 79.preparing food 80.using the toilet81.sneezing or coughing 82.How 83.using soap 84.about lO~15 85.animals Or objeets写作One possible version z Xiao Hun’s father bought her a new bike,which made her very excited.So she rode her bike fast on the road.When she found a man was nearing her,she could’t stop the bike,so that she knocked into the man. Being a very kind man,he didn’t scold her.Instead he told Xiao Hua how dangerous it was to ride so fast.And she should remember the lesson.Xiao Hua felt regretful and ashamed.To her surprise,the man bent down and began to repair Xiao Hun’s new bike.Soon he got it repaired,which made Xiso Hun moved.She thanked him and left happily.
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