新概念英语第一册笔记新版:第11课
Summary:Lesson 31 Where's Sally? [词汇] garden n. 花园 under prep. 在……这下 tree n. 树 climb v. 爬,攀登 who pron. 谁 run v. 跑 grass n. 草,草地 after prep. 在……之后 across prep. 横过,穿过 cat n. 猫.

  • Lesson 31 Where's Sally?
    [词汇]
    garden n. 花园
    under prep. 在……这下
    tree n. 树
    climb v. 爬,攀登
    who pron. 谁
    run v. 跑
    grass n. 草,草地
    after prep. 在……之后
    across prep. 横过,穿过
    cat n. 猫

    garden center:花卉中心
    garden city:花园城市
    savage garden:野人花园
    in the garden:在花园里

    under the tree:在树下

    family tree:家谱
    tree ring:年轮

    climb the tree:爬树

    run across the grass:跑过草地
    run after:在……之后跑

    语法——时态:

    在第一册出现了八种时态
    1 首先了解概念
    2 时态——动词变化规则、时间的状态
    now 现在进行时
    usually, often, always… 一般现在时
    already, yet 现在完成时

    现在进行时:表示现在正在进行或者发生的动作、状态
          表示现阶段正在进行或发生,但说话的此刻动作不一定进行
    后面加一个将来的时间,可以表示打算做的事情。

    结构:S. + be + v.-ing
       S. + be + not + v.-ing
       Be + S. + v.-ing ?
       Yes, S. + be/ No, S. + be + not
       What + be + S. + v.-ing?

    I am speaking/talking.
    Sam is climbing the tree.
    listen:听
    We is listening.
    I am studying English in new Oriental School.
    I am reading Gone with the wind.

    run:跑
    sit:坐 sit under the tree
    climb the tree
    run across the grass
    run after a cat
    Sally:萨莉
    What is Sally/Tim doing? What are they doing?
    Are they climbing the tree?
    Is she sitting under the tree?
    The dog is/is not running after the cat?
    Is the dog running after the cat?
    Yes, it is. /No, it isn't.

    now 现在进行时

    [课文]
    Where's Sally, Jack?
    She's in the garden, Jean.
    What's the doing?
    She's sitting under the tree.
    Is Tim in the garden, too?
    Yes, he is.
    He's climbing the tree.
    I beg your pardon?
    Who's climbing the tree?
    Tim is.
    What about the dog?
    The dog's in the garden, too.
    It's running across the grass.
    It's running after a cat.

    Where is the dog?
    In the garden.
    What is the dog doing?
    It's running after a cat.
    It's running across the grass.
    How many children?
    Who are they?
    Tim and Sally.
    Where are they now?
    tree
    What is Sally doing?
    What is Tim doing?

    She isn't climbing the tree.
    Is she sitting under the tree.
    Yes, she is.
    What is she doing?
    Tim is in the garden, too.
    He isn't sitting under the tree.
    Is he climbing the tree?
    Yes, he is.
    What is he doing?
    The dog isn't climbing the tree.
    Is it running after a cat?
    Yes, it is.
    What is the dog doing?

    (树叶) on the tree
    (人) in the tree

    what about + n.
          + v.-ing?
    What about an apple?
    What about some milk?
    what about a glass of beer?

    介词后面 + 动词的-ing形式
    drink:喝水
    drink a glass of beer
    What about (drinking) a glass of beer?
    Lesson 32 What's he/ she/ it doing?

    [词汇]
    type v. 打字
    letter n. 信
    basket n. 篮子
    eat v. 吃
    bone n. 骨头
    clean v. 清洗
    tooth n. (复数 teeth)牙齿
    cook v. 做(饭菜)
    milk n. 牛奶
    meal n. 饭,一顿饭
    drink v. 喝
    tap n. (水)龙头

    A Complete these sentences.

    Example:
    Sweep the floor! She is sweeping it.
    1 Open the window! He is opening it.
    2 Sharpen this pencil! She is Sharpening it.
    3 Dust the cupboard! She is dusting it.
    4 Empty the basket! She is emptying it.
    5 Look at the picture! He is looking at it.

    Nicola is typing a letter.
    She is emptying a basket.
    Mr. Richards is opening the window.
    My mother is making the bed.
    Mrs. Jones is taking off her coat.
    The girl is turning off the tap.
    He is cleaning his teeth.
    My sister is looking at a picture.
    They are looking at a picture.
    Tim is sharpening a pencil.
    Sally is shutting the door.
    She is dusting the dressing table.
    It is eating a bone.
    Jack is reading a magazine.
    Emma is cooking a meal.
    The cat is drinking its milk.

    Amy is sweeing [笔误,应为sweeping] the floor.
    Tim is sharpening a pencil.
    He is turning on the light.
    The girl is turning off the tap.
    The boy is putting on his shirt.
    Mrs. Jones is taking off her coat.

    B Write questions and answer

    Example:
    Nicola/emptying the basket/typing a letter
    what is Nicola doing?
    Is she emptying the basket?
    No, she isn't emptying the basket.
    She's typing a letter.

    1 Mr. Richards/cleaning his teeth/opening the window
    What is Mr. Richards doing?
    Is he cleaning his teeth?
    No, he isn't cleaning his teeth.
    He's opening the window.

    2 My mother/shutting the door/making the bed
    What is my mother doing?
    Is she shutting the door?
    No, she isn't shutting the door.
    She's making the bed.

    3 The dog/drinking its milk/eating a bone
    What is the dog doing?
    Is it drinking its milk?
    No, it isn't drinking its milk.
    It's eating a bone.

    4 My sister/reading a magazine/looking at a picture
    What is my sister doing?
    Is she reading a magazine?
    No, she isn't reading a magazine.
    She's looking at a picture.

    5 Emma/dusting the dressing table/cooking a meal
    What is Emma doing?
    Is she dusting the dressing table?
    No, she isn't dusting the dressing table.
    She's cooking a meal.

    7 Tim/reading a magazine/sharpening a pencil
    What is Tim doing?
    Is he reading a magazine?
    No, he isn't reading a magazine.
    He's sharpening a pencil.

    9 The boy/cleaning his teeth/putting on his shirt
    What is the boy doing?
    Is he cleaning his teeth?
    No, he isn't cleaning his teeth.
    He's putting on his shirt.

    6 Amy/making the bed/sweeping the floor
    What is Amy doing?
    Is she making the bed?
    No, she isn't making the bed.
    She's sweeping the floor.

    补充材料 P7
    [m] my/man/mad/me/Home/famous
    [n] no/need/new/hand/pen/nose
    [N] sing/song/thank/spring/think/bank

    Kate is a narrow-minded[心胸狭隘的] girl.
    No need to know that.
    The singer sang a famous song.
    My mother met some more monkeys in the market.
    I love my country.
    Another fly-over will be built across that street.
    I often see that man in the street.
    Tim ran back to get the black hat and the red bag.
    I want to go Home. I'm hungry.
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