新概念英语第一册笔记新版:第12课
Summary:sky n. 天空 in the sky sun n. 太阳 shine v. 照耀 sunshine with prep. 和……在一起 family n. 家庭(成员) walk v. 走路, 步行 over prep.跨越,在……之上 bridge n. 桥 boat n. 船 river n. 河 ship n. 轮船 aeroplane n.

  • sky n. 天空 in the sky
    sun n. 太阳
    shine v. 照耀 sunshine
    with prep. 和……在一起
    family n. 家庭(成员)
    walk v. 走路, 步行
    over prep.跨越,在……之上
    bridge n. 桥
    boat n. 船
    river n. 河
    ship n. 轮船
    aeroplane n. 飞机
    fly v. 飞

    day after day:一天一天的
    day and night:日日夜夜
    day break:拂晓
    Sunday:[5sQndi]星期天
    Monday:星期一
    moon:月亮
    Tuesday星期二
    Wednesday:星期三
    Thursday:星期四
    Friday:星期五
    Saturday:星期六
    It's a fine day today.

    There are some clouds in the sky.
    sky-blue:天蓝色
    sign:标记
    sky sign:高楼上的广告牌

    动词+ing的规则:
    jump,jumping
    sweep,sweeping
    shave,shaving
    shine,shining
    单词双写的条件
    1 必须是单音节单词(音标里有几个元音音标,就是有几个音节)。
    2 单音节的单词一般都是重读,且为闭音节。
    3 单词末尾有一个辅音字母,一个元音。
    sit,sitting
    sun,sunning
    The sun is shining

    be with:和……在一起
    Mr. Jones is with his family.
    Mrs.Liu is with those children.

    family man:有家室的人
    family doctor:家庭医生
    family tree:家谱
    family planning:计划生育
    family name:姓氏
    There are three/five people in my family.

    walk around:四处走走
    walk Home:走回家
    walk over:走过
    They are walking over the bridge.

    under the bridge:在桥底下
    go:行驶,走,去,加油
    go under the bridge
    The ship is going under the bridge.

    in the river
    on the river
    There are some boats on the river.
    There is a boy in the river.
    He is swimming.
    He is swimming across the river.

    plane(非正式)

    I have to fly. 我必须得走了。

    escape:[is5keip] 逃跑(从被禁锢到逃脱)
    flee:逃走(慌慌张张的心态)
    get away:逃离,很快的走(口)

    Questions:
    Is it a cold day today? (It's fine day today.)
    Are there any clouds int the sky? (Yes. There are some clouds in the sky?)
    Where is Mr. Jones?
    Who is walking over the bridge? (Mr. Jones and his family.)
    Are there any boats on the river? (Yes, there are some boats on the river.)
    What are Mr. Jones and his wife doing? (They are looking at the boats.)
    What is Sally doing? (She is looking at a big ship.)
    What is the ship doing? (The ship is going under the bridge.)
    What is Tim doing? (Tim is looking at an aeroplane.)
    What about the aeroplane? (The aeroplane is flying over the bridge.)
    [课文]
    It is a fine day today.
    There are some clouds in the sky,
    but the sun is shining.
    Mrs.(笔误,应作Mr.) Jones is with his family.
    They are walking over the bridge.
    There are some boats on the river.
    Mrs.(笔误,应作Mr.) Jones and his wife are looking at them.
    Sally is looking at a big ship.
    The ship is going under the bridge.
    Tim is looking at an aeroplane.
    The aeroplane is flying over the river.

    fine:(天气)好
    in the sky :在天空中
    some的用法:修饰可数名词的复数,以及不可数名词
    but:转折,但是
    be with:和……在一起
    walk over:走过
    look:(不及物动词)+介词
    go under:驶过
    fly over:飞过

    Lesson 34 What are they doing?

    [词汇]
    sleep v. 睡觉
    shave v. 刮脸
    cry v. 哭,喊
    wash v. 洗
    wait v. 等
    jump v. 跳

    B Write questions and answers.
    Example:
    the children/looking at the boats on the river
    What are the children doing?
    They're looking at the boats on the river.

    1 the men/cooking a meal
    What are the men doing?
    They're cooking a meal.
    2 they/sleeping
    what are they doing?
    They're sleeping.
    3 the men/shaving
    What are the men doing?
    They're shaving.
    4 the children/crying
    What are the children doing?
    They're crying.
    5 the dogs/eating bones
    What are the dogs doing?
    They're eating bones.
    6 the women/typing letters
    What are the women doing?
    They're typing letters.
    7 the children/doing their Homework
    What are the children doing?
    They're doing their Homework.
    8 the women/washing dishes
    What are the women doing?
    They're washing dishes.
    9 the birds/flying over the river
    What are the birds doing?
    They're flying over the river.
    10 they/walking over the bridge
    What are they doing?
    They're walking over the bridge.
    11 the man and the woman/waiting for a bus
    What are the man and the woman doing?
    They're waiting for a bus.
    12 the children/jumping off the wall
    What are the children doing?
    They're jumping off the wall.
    Lesson 35 Our village

    [词汇]
    photograph n. 照片
    village n. 村庄
    valley n. 山谷
    between prep. 在……之间
    hill n. 小山
    another det. 另一个
    wife n. 妻子
    along prep. 沿着
    bank n. 河岸
    water n. 水
    swim v. 游泳
    building n. 大楼,建筑物
    park n. 公园
    into prep.进入

    photographer:摄影师
    picture:图片
    drawing:制图,素描术
    painting:绘画,油画
    portrait:肖像,画像;描写
    sketch:草图

    take a picture:照照片
    paint:粉刷
    cartoon:卡通片

    a photograph of our village
    villager村民
    Our village is in a valley.

    between two hills
    山:hill(不高的小山丘)
      mount(名山,专有名词)
      mountain(大型的,高山)
      range(山区,连绵起伏的群山)
      peak(山峰)

    on a river(泛指)
    on the river(特指)

    This is a photograph of our village.
    Our village is in a valley.
    Our village is between two hills.
    Our village is on a river.

    another+单数
    other+单数/复数

    [wife]
    husband:丈夫
    spouse:配偶 [spauz]
    couple:夫妻,一对

    take a wife:娶妻
    abandon one's wife:抛弃妻子
    a nagging wife:唠唠叨叨的妻
    a jealous wife:妒妇
    a lawful wife:原配夫人
    a former wife:前妻

    河岸
    bank(银行;河岸)
    beach(海滩)
    coast(海滩,专业地理词)
    shore(海滨,海岸)

    banks of the river
    along the banks of the river

    in the water(海滨,海岸)

    Here is another photograph of our village.
    My wife and I are walking along the banks of the river.
    We are on the left.
    There's boy in the water.
    He's swimming across the river.

    swimming
    1 单音节单词
    2 重读闭音节
    3 一个元音,末尾一个辅音

    school building
    park:停车

    some:一些(修饰可数名词的复数或者不可数名词)
    some of + 名词或者代词的复数 “……中间的一些”
    some of them/us/you
    some of the boys/students

    into -> go into
    out of -> come out of

    Here is another photograph.
    This is the school building.
    It is beside a park.
    The park is on the right.
    Some children are coming out of the building.
    Some of them are going into the park.

    Questions:
    1 How many pictures/photographs here in the dialog? [three]
    2 Where is our village?
    Our village is in a valley.
    It's between two hills.
    It is on a river.
    3 Where are my wife and I walking?
    My wife and I are walking along the banks of the river.
    A girl is in the river. And she is swimming across the river.
    4 Is there a boy in the water? What's the boy doing?
    The boy's swimming across the river.
    5 Is the picture about our living room?
    No, it is about our school building.
    6 Where is the school building?
    The school building is beside our park.
    7 Where is the park?
    The park is on the right.
    Some children are coming out of the building.
    Some of them are going into the park.

    [词汇]
    This is a photograph of our village.
    Our village is in a valley.
    It is between two hills.
    The village is on a river. (靠近)
    Here is another photograph of the village.
    My wife and I are walking
    along the banks of the river.
    We are on the left.
    There is a boy in the water.
    He is swimming across the river.
    Here is another photograph.
    This is the school building.
    It is beside a park.
    The park is on the right.
    Some children are coming out of the building.
    Some of them are going into the park.

    Lesson 36 Where…?
    [词汇]
    beside prep. 在……旁
    off prep. 离开
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