「美国习惯用语」第七十六讲
Summary:Blame是责怪或指责的意思,game在这里是指策略或手法。Blame game是候选人把造成某些社会问题的责任推到竞选对手身上去的手法,那怕他明明知道这是他自己的责任。下面这位候选人对选民说的话就是个例子: 例句-1: I'm not going to play the blame game and say who's at fault that so many people a.

  • Blame是责怪或指责的意思,game在这里是指策略或手法。Blame game是候选人把造成某些社会问题的责任推到竞选对手身上去的手法,那怕他明明知道这是他自己的责任。下面这位候选人对选民说的话就是个例子:
    例句-1: "I'm not going to play the blame game and say who's at fault that so many people are out of work. But I have to tell you my opponent did vote against three bills to create new jobs."
    这句话的意思是:“我不会把造成那么多人失业的责任推给别人,我不会使用那种推卸责任的把戏。但是,我得告诉你们,在国会就三项有关创造新就业机会的提案投票时,我的对手投的是反对票。”
    下面这个例子是对杜鲁门总统的评论:
    例句-2: "Harry Truman, who was President from 1945 to 1952, was one man who did not play the blame game. He had a sign on his desk: The Buck Stops Here."
    这是说:“杜鲁门从1945到1952年担任美国总统。他是一个不推卸责任的人,他的桌子上有一块牌子,上面写着‘我负责’这几个字。”
    和blame game相似的一个俗语是:negative campaigning。Negative是反面的意思,campaigning就是竞选。那么,什么是negative campaigning呢?下面这句话就回答了这个问题:
    例句-3: "A listener just called in to ask what I mean by negative campaigning. Well, it means a candidate's main strategy is to tell voters how bad the other guy is instead of talking about how good he is himself."
    他说:“一位听众刚才打电话来问什么是negative campaigning。Negative campaigning的意思是一个候选人采用的主要策略是告诉选民他的对手是如何的坏,而不是说自己是如何如何的好。”
    下面是另一个例子:
    例句-3: "Some political observers say that negative campaigning isn't working this year--that voters want to hear positive ideas about how to create new jobs and give people better health care."
    这句话是说:“有些政治观察家说,尽力贬低对方的反面竞选方式今年行不通。选民们要听有积极意义的主意,像如何增加就业机会、为公众提供更好的保健措施等。”
    今天我们给听众介绍了两个美国人在竞选时用的俗语,一个是blame game。Blame game就是一个候选人在竞选过程中企图把造成一些社会问题的责任推给对方,尽管他明知道那是他自己的责任。我们今天讲的第二个俗语是negative campaigning。Negative campaigning就是候选人集中力量讲对手的缺点,以此来抬高自己。
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