如何避免写作中的“he”和“she”
    Category: 专业英语  Clicks: 3250  Top: 10  Update Date: 2008/09/14
Summary:1)采用复数形式。 Sexist: When bathing a baby, never leave him unattended. Revised: When bathing babies, never leave them unattended. 给婴儿洗澡时,一定要时刻在他们旁边照管。 一气呵.英语站 2)用we/us.

  • 1)采用复数形式。


    Sexist: When bathing a baby, never leave him unattended.


    Revised: When bathing babies, never leave them unattended.


    给婴儿洗澡时,一定要时刻在他们旁边照管。 一气呵.英语站
    2)用we/us/our改写原句。
    Sexist: From each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs.
    Revised: From each of us according to our abilities, to each of us according to our needs.


    各尽所能,按需分配。 一气呵.英语站
    3)改用第二人称。


    Sexist: No man knows his true character until he has run out of gas, purchased something on an installment plan and raised an adolescent.


    Revised: You don't know what your true character is until you have run out of gas, purchased something on the installment plan and raised an adolescent.
    只有当汽车没油、分期付款购物和抚养青春期的孩子时,人的本来品性才会显露出来。


    4)改用被动语态。 一起呵英语@站
    Sexist: One who, when he has the choice of two evils, chooses both. Revised: One who, when given the choice of two evils, chooses both. 一起呵.英语.站
    当面对两种罪恶要做出选择的时候就两个都选。 一起呵.英语.站
    5)完全省略代词。


    Sexist: What does a person thinks of after he becomes a deportee?


    Revised: What does a person thinks of after becoming a deportee?


    一个人被驱逐之后会作何感想呢?
    一起_呵_英语

    6)用冠词替代。


    Sexist: Can a critic give his opinion of...?


    Revised: Can a critic give an opinion of...?


    评论家能评论...吗?
    7)用someone,one,the one,no one等替代。

    Sexist: He who can take advice is sometimes superior to he who can give it.

    Revised: Someone who can take advice is sometimes superior to the one who can give it.
    接受忠告者有时胜过发出忠告者。

    8)使用he and she或his and her,但使用的次数不宜太多。she/he仅可用于备忘录(memos)、便条(notes),或者非正式的交谈之中。 一起呵英_语站
    9)用名词或上下文中用过的同义词替换。 www.17he.com
    Sexist: To find a friend one must close one eye - to keep him, two.


    Revised: To find a friend, one must close one eye - to keep one, two.


    想找朋友,就得睁一只眼,闭一只眼;想留住朋友,就得双眼都闭上。


    2. 尽量使用那些包括两性在内的词,即无性别之分的词(gender-free words)。

    例如:child,teacher,officer(警官),people,worker,immigrant(移民),voter(投票者,选民),coach(教练),church member(教友),sales rep(推销员),grand parent(外/祖父或祖母),leader,evening student,employee (雇员),test taker (考生,应试者),engineer,customers(顾客),dealer(交易者,商人),clerk(职员,办事员),civilian(平民),scientist,operator(接线员,办事员),patriot(爱国者),person,planner(策划者,计划者),politician(政客),producer(生产者、制造者),tutor(家庭教师,导师),reporter,writer,chief executive(首席行政长官),everybody,expert等。 一起呵英语站
    3. 写信时,如果不知道收信人的性别,最好不要使用传统的Dear Sir和Dear Madam。可以选用下列之一:
    1) Dear Friends of the Library(亲爱的图书馆的朋友们)

    2)Dear Sir/Madam, (亲爱的女士们及先生们)

    3) Dear Personnel Officer(亲爱的人事处长) 一起_呵_英语
    4)Dear Committee Member(亲爱的委员)

    5)Dear Citizen(亲爱的公民)

    6)Dear Customer(亲爱的顾客)
    7) Dear Councilor(亲爱的参议员/顾问)
    8)Dear Agent(亲爱的代理)

    9)Dear Director(亲爱的厂长/局长/主任) 一起呵.英语.站
    10) To Whom it May Concern(致有关人士)
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