做好英语演讲的方法及技巧
    Category: 英语演讲  Clicks: 2656  Top: 9  Update Date: 2008/09/14
Summary:眼神交流 Move your eyes slowly from person to person, and pause two or three seconds with each listener; 眼神慢慢地从一个人移动到另一个人,在每一个人身上停留两到三秒钟时间; Look at people straight or look at the bridge of their nos.

  • 眼神交流
    Move your eyes slowly from person to person, and pause two or three seconds with each listener;
    眼神慢慢地从一个人移动到另一个人,在每一个人身上停留两到三秒钟时间;
    Look at people straight or look at the bridge of their noses or chins;
    眼睛直视听众,或看着他们的鼻梁或下巴;
    Look for the friendlier faces and smile at them one by one, then move on to the more skeptical members and smile at them one by one also;
    找到那些看起来比较友善的听众,逐个朝他们微笑;然后目标转向那些有些怀疑的听众,也逐个朝他们微笑;
    Imagine the audience in bathrobes in case you are nervous.
    如果你感到紧张,不妨想象听众都穿着浴衣的样子。
    话筒的使用看似是小事一桩,但如果使用不当,也可能会让你在台上尴尬不已。下面就教您如何使用好话筒。
    How to use the microphone
    如何使用话筒
    You must speak up and project your voice even if you are using a microphone;
    即使是用话筒,也要声音响亮并运气发声;
    Your voice should be resonant and sustained when you speak;
    声音要有回声并能稍持续一阵儿;
    Pitch your voice slightly lower than normal. Listeners tend to associate credibility and authority with a relatively deep voice;
    音调要定得比正常讲话时低一些,听众往往把可信度与权威性与一个相对低沉的声音联系在一起;
    Try to end declarative sentences on a low tone without, however, trailing off in volume;
    尽量用降调结束陈述句,但不要减弱音量;
    Slow down.
    放慢语速。
    卡片是演讲中经常使用到的工具之一,它可以提示演讲者要演讲的内容。那么,如何在演讲中使用好卡片呢?如果忘词了,又该怎么办?下面就给大家介绍一些技巧。
    How to use cards
    怎样使用卡片
    Number your cards on the top right;
    在卡片的右上角标上数字;
    Write a complete sentence on both your first and last card;
    在第一张和最后一张上写上完整的句子;
    Write up to five key words on other cards;
    其他卡片上最多只能写五个关键词;
    Use color to mark the words you want to emphasize;
    用颜色来标记你想强调的词;
    Remind yourself at a particular spot to check the time.
    在某一处提醒自己查看时间。
    How to cope with brownout
    如何对付忘词
    Just smile and go to the next card. Not the one in front of you, but to the next following. Look at the first word on it. This will be the point from which you will now continue. Of course you missed part of your speech. But nobody will notice it. They will blame themselves for not following your thoughts.
    只需要微微一笑,继续下一张卡片上的内容,不是摆在你眼前的那张卡片,而是下一张。看一下卡片上的第一个单词,这就是你要继续的要点。当然你会遗漏一部分内容,但是没有人会注意到这一点。听众只会责怪自己没有跟上你的思路。
    很多人对登台演讲都没有自信。下面这些小技巧教你如何在演讲时建立自信。
    How to gain confidence
    怎样变得自信
    Smile and glance at the audience;
    微笑并看着观众;
    Start very slowly, with your shoulders back and your chin up;
    开始发言时要慢一点,身体保持昂首挺胸的姿态;
    Open your speech by saying something very frankly;
    开场白说一些真诚话;
    Wear your very best clothes;
    穿上自己最好的衣服;
    Say something positive to yourself.
    对自己说一些积极的话。
    上班了,难免要参加一些工作会议,在会议上你需要提出自己的见解,有时候还要做正式的presentation 来向大家公布你的计划等等。这些都可以看成是演讲。怎样才能做好这些演讲,让你的工作做得更好呢?接下来我们就给大家提供一些如何做好演讲的建议。
    How to communicate with the audience
    怎样与听众交流
    A message worth communicating;
    要有值得交流的观点;
    Gain the listeners' attentions: capture their interest and build their trust;
    引起听众的注意:抓住他们的兴趣并赢得信任;
    Emphasize understanding;
    重视理解;
    Obtain their feedback;
    获得反馈;
    Watch your emotional tone;
    注意声调要有感情;
    Persuade the audience.
    说服听众。
    Don’ts in public speaking
    演讲切忌
    Talking too rapidly;
    语速太快;
    Speaking in a monotone;
    声音单调;
    Using too high a vocal pitch;
    声音尖细;
    Talking and not saying much;
    “谈”得太多,说得太少;
    Presenting without enough emotion or passion;
    感情不充分;
    Talking down to the audience;
    对观众采取一种居高临下的姿态;
    Using too many "big" words;
    用太多大词;
    Using abstractions without giving concrete examples;
    使用抽象概念而不给出事例加以说明;
    Using unfamiliar technical jargon;
    使用别人不熟悉的技术术语;
    Using slang or profanity;
    使用俚语或粗俗语;
    Disorganized and rambling performance;
    演讲无组织,散乱无序;
    Indirect communication i.e. beating around the bush.
    说话绕弯子,不切中主题。
    How to close
    如何结尾
    To repeat your opening;
    重复你的开头;
    To summarize your presentation;
    概括你的演讲;
    To close with an anecdote;
    以趣事结尾;
    To end with a call to action;
    以号召行动结尾;
    To ask a rhetorical question;
    以反问结尾;
    To make a statement;
    以一个陈述句结尾;
    To show an outline of your presentation.
    展示演讲大纲。
    How to begin
    如何开头
    To tell a story (about yourself);
    讲个(自己的)故事;
    To acknowledge the occasion of the gathering;
    对大家能够聚在一起表示感谢;
    To pay the listeners a compliment;
    称赞一下听众;
    To quote;
    引用名人名言;
    To use unusual statistics;
    使用一些不平常的数据;
    To ask the audience a challenging question;
    问观众一个挑战性的问题;
    To show a video or a slide.
    播放录像带或看幻灯片。
    How to organize the speech
    怎样组织演讲
    To have a structure: such as first, second, third; geographically, north, south, east, west; compare and contrasts; our side versus their side; negative and positive;
    要有一个结构:可以分一二三点;可以从地理上分东南西北;比较与对比;我方与他方;正面与反面;
    To label the materials such as jokes, funny anecdotes, favorite sayings, interesting statistics;
    将材料归类整理,如笑话、趣事、名人名言、有趣的数据;

    Four objectives of the speech
    演讲的四个目标
    To offer information;
    提供信息;
    To entertain the audience;
    使听众感到乐趣;
    To touch emotions;
    动之以情;
    To move to action;
    使听众行动起来。
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