纺织品英语:染色及印花
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Summary:设备 quickwash shrinkage tester 快速洗水缩水试验机 washing fastness tester 水洗牢度机 martindate aorasion tester 耐磨损测试机 standard light both 标准光源箱 universal strength tester 万能强力测试机 light fastness tester 日晒.

  • 设备
    quickwash shrinkage tester 快速洗水缩水试验机
    washing fastness tester 水洗牢度机
    martindate aorasion tester 耐磨损测试机
    standard light both 标准光源箱
    universal strength tester 万能强力测试机
    light fastness tester 日晒牢度仪
    non-standard equipments 非标设备
    ironing machine 烫平机
    series three-legged centrifuger 三足式系列离心机
    displacement heat exchanger 容积式换热器
    reactor 反应锅
    hank drier 绞纱烘燥机
    bulk-fibre drier 散毛烘燥机
    liquid-flow hank dyeing machine 液流式绞纱染色机
    normal temperature oscillating dyeing machine 常温振荡试样机
    sparging(jet) dyeing machine 喷射式染色机
    high-temperature /high-pressure dyeing machine 高温高压染色机
    program-controlled dyeing machine 程控染色机
    high temperature overflow dyeing machine 高温溢流染色机
    high temperature and high pressure yarn dyeing machine 高温高压染纱机
    atmospheric overflow dyeing machine 常温溢流染色机
    high temperature sample dyeing machine 高温样品染色机
    stainless steal drying tumbler 不锈钢烘筒烘燥机
    rope impregnating mangle 绳状浸染机

    麦克贝思电脑配色系统: MACBETH “ CLOR – EYE ” COMPUTER COLOR – MATCHING SYSTEM
    电脑配液系统: “ RAPID – DOSER ” LABORTEX – LABORATORY DOSING SYSTEM VERIVIDE
    对色灯箱: VERIVIDE COLOR ASSESMENT CABINET
    打样: LAB DIPS
    大货生产: BULK PRODUCTION
    精练机: DESIZING MACHINE
    折幅机: CREASING MACHINE
    卷染: JIG DYEING
    溢流染色: JET OVERFLOW DYEING/BLEED DYEING
    轧染: PAD DYEING
    定型机: SET-STRECHING/STENTER FRAME

    染料方面
    碱性染料: BASIC DYES
    酸性染料: ACID DYES
    活性染料: REACTIVE DYES
    分散染料: DISPERSE DYES
    阳离子染料: CATION DYES
    还原染料: VAT DYES
    直接染料: DIRECT DYES
    硫化染料: SULPHUR DYES
    非偶氮染料: AZO FREE DYES

    助剂类
    softening and antistatic agents 柔软及抗静电剂
    water and oil-repellent agents 防水防油整理剂
    insect-resist agents 防虫剂
    thickeners 增稠剂
    crosslinking agents 交联剂
    emulsifiers 乳化剂

    染料类
    酸性染料:acid
    不溶性偶氮染料:naphthol
    直接染料direct dyestuffs
    活性染料reactive dyeings
    分散染料disperse dyestuffs
    还原染料:vat 非水溶性染料
    阳离子染料:cationic 晴纶专用
    酵素洗:Enzyme wash


    整理类
    扎染:tie dye
    段染:space dye
    颜料染色:pigment dye
    双染two tone
    上浆starch finishing
    轻泛红现象 slightly reddish cast
    电解electrolyte
    摩擦轧光整理:friction finish
    轧光整理:calender finish
    起绒整理:fleece finish
    阻燃整理:flame retardant finish
    柔软整理:mellow finish
    染色前整理: PREMINARY FINISHE (PFP, PFD)
    退浆: DESIZING
    染色: DYEING
    固色: COLOR FIXING
    后整理: AFTER FINISH / AFTER TREATMENT
    热定型: HEAT SETTING
    树脂整理: RESIN FINISH
    切割:CUT
    轧花: EMBOSSED/LOGOTYPE
    涂层: COATING ( PVC、PU、PA)
    涂白: WHITE PIGMENT
    涂银: SILVER
    烫金: GOLD PRINT
    磨毛: BRUSHED
    起皱: CRINKED/ CREPED
    轧泡: BUBBLED
    丝光: MERCERIZED
    硬挺: STIFFENING
    抗静电: ANTI-STATIC
    抗起球: ANTI-PILLING
    防羽绒: DOWN PROOF
    防霉: ANTI-FUNGUS
    免烫: WASH AND WEAR
    砂洗: STONE WASHED
    阻燃: FLAM RETARDANT
    环保染色: AZO FREE / NO AZO
    防水: W/P ( WATER SHRINKAGE )
    拒水: W/R (WATER REPELLENT )
    缩水: W/S ( WATER SHRINKAGE )
    压光:cire,calendar
    复合:compound,composite,
    贴合:laminate,
    磨毛:sanding,

    拔染印花: DISCHARGE PRINTING
    分色 (color separation)
    过热/烘 (curing/heat setting)
    胶片 (film)
    括刀 (blade/squeegee)
    烂花: BURN OUT
    烂花印花(burn—out prints)涪烘(curing)直接印花(direct prints)拔染印花(discharge prints)干法印花(dry prints)双面印花(duplex prints)静电荷(electrostatic charge)静电植绒(electrostatic flocking)按特殊要求印花(engineered print)叠印 (fall on)平板(flatbed)植绒印花(flock printing)植绒(flocking)半色调或中间色调(halftone)手工筛网印花(hand screen printing)热转移印花(heat--transfer printing)喷射印花(jet printing)机械植绒(mechanical flocking)罩印(over print)印花色浆(print paste)印花对花准确/对花不准(print register/off register)对花(registration)防染印花(resist printing)滚筒印花(roller printing)圆形筛网印花或圆网印花(rotary screen printing)筛网印花(screen printing)打样(strike off)热转移印花(thermal transfer printing)经纱印花(warp prints)湿罩干印花(wet—On—dry)湿罩湿印花(wet—On—wet)湿法印花(wet prints)人工网印/手网印花 (Manual / hand screen print) 多用于小面积, 裁片定位印花 (placement print), 优点是灵活性高,批量小,周期短, 成本低(损耗小).
    模版印花: BLOCK PRINTING
    喷墨印花:busy print
    平网印花: PLATE SCREAM PRINTING
    顺便提一下, X color print 和 X color way 是两个完全不同的意思.例: (4 color print/4 screen print) 四色网, 是指同一个图样里有四套色,先后印四次. (4 color ways) 是指一个图样有共四组颜色组合(4 color combo/combination).
    丝网 (screen mesh)
    台/床胶 (table adhesive) 涂在台面用来粘住裁片
    涂料印花: COAT PRINTING
    小样 (strike off)
    颜料印花:pigment print 又叫涂料印花
    印花: PRINTING
    圆网印花: ROTARY SCREAM PRINTING
    增稠剂 (thickener)
    粘合剂 (binder)
    蒸化(aging)自动筛网印花(automatic screen printing)满地印花(blotch print)烂花印花(burn—out prints)涪烘(curing)直接印花(direct prints)拔染印花(discharge prints)干法印花(dry prints)双面印花(duplex prints)静电荷(electrostatic charge)静电植绒(electrostatic flocking)按特殊要求印花(engineered print)叠印 (fall on)平板(flatbed)植绒印花(flock printing)植绒(flocking)半色调或中间色调(halftone)手工筛网印花(hand screen printing)热转移印花(heat--transfer printing)喷射印花(jet printing)机械植绒(mechanical flocking)罩印(over print)印花色浆(print paste)印花对花准确/对花不准(print register/off register)对花(registration)防染印花(resist printing)滚筒印花(roller printing)圆形筛网印花或圆网印花(rotary screen printing)筛网印花(screen printing)打样(strike off)热转移印花(thermal transfer printing)经纱印花(warp prints)湿罩干印花(wet—On—dry)湿罩湿印花(wet—On—wet)湿法印花(wet prints)
    纸版印花: PAPER STENCIL
    转移印花: TRANSFER PRINTING

    服装业普遍采用以下几种印花方法:
    1.) Pigment Print 涂料印花, 因目前大部份用水基 (water base) 所以又称水浆. 多用针织和浅色布料.
    2.) Plastisol Print 胶浆印花, 又称 (rubber print). 因为胶浆的颜色遮盖度和张力较高, 多用于深色和具弹性的布料.
    胶浆还有很多添加剂 (additive) 可以做些特别效果:
    凸浆 puff print
    消光 matt/dull
    闪粉 glitter
    金属 metallic
    反光 reflective
    植毛 flocking
    3.)Discharge print 拨印, 利用氧化剂 (oxidation agent) 将布料的颜色氧化, 再经还原(neutralization), 使受印部份颜色变白或变浅 (布料因染色方法/染料不同, 拨印效果也会不同).

    藏青: NAVY/BLUE
    藏青色, 深蓝色, 天蓝色navy blue
    橙红色salmon pink
    大红: RED (R)
    淡紫色lavender
    豆绿: OLIVE
    绯红, 猩红scarlet
    粉红: PINK
    粉红色pink
    橄榄绿olive green
    古铜色: BROWN
    古紫色antique violet
    钴蓝色, 艳蓝色cobalt blue
    褐红色maroon
    褐色, 茶色brown
    红调橙rO.(REDDISH ORANGE)
    红调黄rY.(REDDISH YELLOW)
    红褐色, 赭石色chocolate
    红紫RP.(RED PURPLE)
    琥珀色amber
    黄调橙yO.(YELLOWISH ORANGE)
    黄调红yR.(YELLOWISH RED)
    黄调绿yG.(YELLOWISH GREEN)
    黄绿YG.(YELLOW GREEN)
    黄色: YELLOW (Y)
    灰白色off-white
    灰褐色beige
    灰色: GREY
    灰色gray
    橘黄: ORANGE(O)
    卡其: KAHKI
    卡其色khaki
    蓝调绿bG.(BLUEISH GREEN)
    蓝绿BG.(BLUE GREEN)
    蓝绿色BG:aquamarine blue
    蓝色:BLUE(G)
    蓝色blue
    蓝紫PB.(PURPLE BLUE)
    绿调黄gY.(GREENISH YELLOW)
    绿调蓝gB.(GREENISH BLUE)
    绿色: GREEN (G)
    绿色green
    梅红: FUSCHIA
    米色: BEIGE
    墨绿: CHARCOAL
    奶白: IVORY/ECRU/OFF WHITE/CREAM
    葡萄酒红wine red
    浅粉红色baby pink
    浅褐色sandy beige
    浅紫色lilac
    乳白色oyster white
    苔绿色moss green
    炭灰色charcoal gray
    特黑: BLACK / JET BLACK
    天蓝: SKY BLUE
    土耳其玉色turquoise blue
    驼色: CAMEL
    驼色camel
    雾灰色misty gray
    鲜粉红色shocking pink
    鲜绿色emerald green
    象牙色ivory
    雪白色snowy white
    雪青: LILAC
    烟灰色smoky gray
    玉色: OYSTER/PEACH
    增白: WHITE / SNOW WHITE
    紫:PURPLE(P)
    紫调红pR.(PURPLISH RED)
    紫调蓝pB.(PURPLISH BLUE)
    紫红: BORDEAUX/WINE
    紫红mauve
    紫罗兰色pansy
    紫色: BURGUNDY/PLUM/VIOLET/PURPLE
    紫色purple, violet
    色调(TONE)缩写词
    浅的l.(light)
    淡的p.(pale)
    明亮的b.(bright)
    浊的d.(dull)
    强烈的s.(strong)
    鲜艳的v.(vivid)
    灰调的g.(grayish)
    暗的dk.(dark)
    深的dp.(deep)
    明灰调的lg.(light grayish)
    暗灰调的 dg.(dark grayish)
    素色plain
    褪色discolourization
    不褪色;色泽牢固fast colours
    配色matching, colour combinations
    耐绉的non-crushable
    防潮damp proof
    防缩sanforizing, pre-shrunk
    光泽gloss, luster
    变形;走样deformation
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